Classical Greece Timeline

Timeline of the Classical Period of Ancient Greece

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Gill, N.S. "Classical Greece Timeline." ThoughtCo, Mar. 7, 2013, thoughtco.com/classical-greece-timeline-118318. Gill, N.S. (2013, March 7). Classical Greece Timeline. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/classical-greece-timeline-118318 Gill, N.S. "Classical Greece Timeline." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/classical-greece-timeline-118318 (accessed October 20, 2017).

Mycenaean and Dark Ages | Archaic Age | Classical Period | Hellenistic Period

Greek Timeline Era-by-Era | Peloponnesian War Timeline

See Ancient History Caveats

5th Century - 400s B.C.

Ostraka
Ostraka. Clipart.com
  • 499 B.C.: Aristagoras' Ionian rebellion against Persians
  • 498 B.C.: Athens at war with Aegina.
  • 497 B.C.: Athenians attack Sardis.
  • 495 B.C.: Persians capture Miletus.
  • 494 B.C.: Spartans under Cleomenes defeat Argives.
  • 490 B.C.: Battle of Marathon.
  • 489 B.C.: Expedition of Miltiades to Paros. Death of Cleomenes.
  • 487 B.C.: Ostracism of Hipparchus. Archons appointed by lot.
  • 486 B.C.: Ostracism of Megacles. Pindar's 7th Pythian.
  • 485 B.C.: Death of Darius.
  • 484 B.C.: Ostracism of Xanthippus.
  • 483 B.C.: New vein of silver discovered.
  • 483-82 B.C.: Ostracism of Aristides.
  • 480 B.C.: Athens recalls ostracized citizens. (August) Thermopylae. (September) Salamis. (October) Solar eclipse.
  • 479 B.C.: Platea. Mycale.
  • 477 B.C.: Delian League founded.
  • 472-71 B.C.: Ostracism of Themistocles.
  • 470 B.C.: Pindar's 1st Pythian. Bacchylides' 4th Ode.
  • 468 B.C.: Battle of the Eurymedon.
  • 467-62 B.C.: Athens led by Cimon.
  • 467 B.C.: Delian League defeats Persia at battle of Eurymedon River.
  • 465 B.C.: Revolt of isle of Thasos against Delian League.
  • 464 B.C.: Revolt of helots.
  • 463 B.C.: Surrender of Thasos.
  • 461 B.C.: Ostracism of Cimon.
  • 460 B.C.: First Peloponnesian War. Thucydides born.
  • 459 B.C.: Athens wins Megara.
  • 457 B.C.: Battle of Tanagra. Athenian conquest of Aegina.
  • 454 B.C.: Delian League treasury transferred from Delos to Athens.
  • 452 B.C.: Thirty Years' peace between Argos and Lacedaemon. Five year's truce between Athenians and Peloponnesians.
  • 451 B.C.: Pericles' citizenship law.
  • 448 B.C.: Pericles acropolis building project. Peace with Persia.
  • 447 B.C.: Athens loses Megara.
  • 446 B.C.: Thirty Years' Peace between Athens and Sparta.
  • 442 B.C.: Ostracism of Thucydides, son of Melesias.
  • 440 B.C.: Revolt of Samos.
  • 438 B.C.: Chryselephantine Athena set up in the Parthenon.
  • 435 B.C.: Sea victory of Corcyra over Corinth.
  • 433 B.C.: Revolt of Potidaea.
  • 432-31 B.C.: Corinth and Corcyra begin fighting. Peloponnesian War begins.
  • 429 B.C.: Pericles dies.
  • 425 B.C.: Cleon leads Athens.
    Herodotus writes his History.
  • 424 B.C.: Battle of Amphipolis.
  • 422 B.C.: Second Battle of Amphipolis.
  • 421 B.C.: Peace of Nicias.
  • 421-20 B.C.: Defensive alliance between Athens and Sparta.
  • 419 B.C.: Alliance between Athens and Argos.
  • 418 B.C.: Battle of Mantinea. Argos allies with Sparta. Eleusinian decree.
  • 417 B.C.: Ostracism of Hyperbolus.
  • 415 B.C.: Alcibiades. Mutilation of the Hermae. Athenian expedition to Sicily.
  • 413 B.C.: Spartan disaster in Sicily.
  • 412 B.C.: Revolt of Athenian allies.
  • 411 B.C.: Battle of Syme. Revolt of Rhodes. Revolt of Abydus and Lampsacus. Revolt of Euboea. Four Hundred overthrown. Evagoras becomes king of Salamis.
  • 410 B.C.: Battle of Cyzicus. Democracy restored in Athens. Athens recovers Thasos.
  • 409 B.C.: Athens recovers Colophon, but loses Pylos and Nisaea. Carthage invades Sicily.
  • 408 B.C.: Athens recovers Chalcedon.
  • 407 B.C.: Battle of Mytilene.
  • 406 B.C.: Battle of Arginusae. Siege of Acragus.
  • 405 B.C.: Athenian fleet defeated at Aegospotami. Dionysus tyrant of Syracuse makes peace with Carthage.
  • 404 B.C.: Athens surrenders. Blockade of Athens. Rule of the Thirty. Thrasybulus seizes Phyle.
  • 403 B.C.: Expedition of the Thirty against Thrasybulus.

4th Century - 300s B.C.

Alexander the Great Coin
Alexander the Great Coin. CC Flickr User brewbooks
  • 399 B.C.: Socrates executed.
  • c. 395 B.C.: (Apology) Defense of Socrates, by Plato.
  • 395-387 B.C.: The Corinthian War.
  • 395-380 B.C.: Agesipolis I Spartan king
  • 394 B.C.:
    • Battle of Corinth.
    • Battle of Cnidus.
    • Solar Eclipse.
    • Battle of Coronea
  • c. 390 B.C.:
    • Memoirs of Socrates, by Xenophon.
    • Charmides, Protagoras, Laches, Euthydemus, by Plato.
  • 390-389 B.C.: Taxes introduced in Athens (1/40th and war).
  • 386 B.C.: The Academy.
  • 385 B.C.: Battle of Mantinea.
  • 384-322 B.C.: Aristotle.
  • 382 B.C.: Spartans seize citadel of Thebes.
  • 381 B.C.: Defeat of Spartans at Olynthus.
  • 380 B.C.: King Cleombrotus of Sparta. Isocrates writes Panegyric for Olympic Games.
  • 379 B.C.: Spartans expelled from Theban citadel.
  • 378 B.C.: Alliance of Athens and Thebes.
  • 378-7 B.C.: Second Athenian Confederacy. Property tax in Athens. Peace of Syracuse with Carthage.
  • 377 B.C.: Agesilaus invades Boeotia.
  • 376 B.C.: Battle of Naxos.
  • 374 B.C.: Peace between Sparta and Athens.
  • 374-3 B.C.: Peace broken.
  • 373 B.C.: Earthquakes in Greece. Temple at Delphi destroyed.
  • 371 B.C.: Peace of Callias. Epaminondas leads the Thebans. Agesipolis II king of Sparta.
  • 371-69 B.C.: Arcadian League.
  • 370-69 B.C.: First Boeotian invasion of Peloponnesus.
  • 371-69 B.C.: Arcadian League.
  • 369 B.C.: Second Boeotian invasion. First Thessalian expedition of Pelopidas.
  • 366 B.C.: Third Boeotian invasion. Alliance of Athens and Arcadia.
  • 365 B.C.: War between Arcadia and Elis.
  • 364 B.C.: Third Thessalian expedition of Pelopidas. Solar Eclipse. Battle of Cynoscephalae.
  • 362 B.C.: Battle of Mantinea.
  • 359-323 B.C.: Rise of Macedonian Power.
  • 357 B.C.: Philip captures Amphipolis. Revolt of Chios, Cos, and Rhodes from Athens. Around this time Philip makes Pella his capital.
  • 356 B.C.: Philip captures Pydna and Potidaea, which he cedes to the Olynthians, along with Anthemus. Philip's Illyrian victory. Battle of Embata. Birth of Alexander.
  • 354-50 B.C.: Eubolus in charge of Theoric Fund.
  • 351 B.C.: Demosthenes' First Philippic.
  • 349 B.C.: Alliance of Athens with Olynthus. Demosthenes' Olynthiacs.
  • 348 B.C.: Philip captures Olynthus.
  • 347 B.C.: Athenian embassy to Philip. Death of Plato.
  • 346-5 B.C.: Demosthenes impeaches Aeschines.
  • 346 B.C.: Peace of Philocrates. Second embassy to Philip.
  • 344 B.C.: Demosthenes' Second Philippic. Battle of Hadranum.
  • 343 B.C.: Impeachments of Philocrates and Aeschines.
  • 343-2 B.C.: Alliance of Megara and Athens. Aritotle tutors Alexander.
  • 342-1 B.C.: Philip conquers Thrace.
  • 342-271 B.C.: Epicurus of Athens.
  • 341 B.C.: Demosthenes' Third Philippic. The Euboic League.
  • 340 B.C.: Naval reform in Athens. Sieges of Perinthus and Byzantium.
  • 339 B.C.: Battle of the Crimisus.
  • 338 B.C.: Battle of Chaeronea. Death of Isocrates. Battle of Mandonia.
  • 338 B.C.: Phillip founds League of Corinth. Lycurgus finance minister in Athens.
  • 336 B.C.: The Lyceum.
  • 336 B.C.: Phillip II assassinated
  • 335-263 B.C.: Zeno of Citium's Stoic school.
  • 335 B.C.: Alexander's campaign in Thrace and Illyria. Destruction of Thebes. Aristotle teaches in Athens.
  • 334 B.C.: Battle of Granicus River.
  • 334-3 B.C.: Conquest of Lycia, Pamphylia, Pisidia.
  • 333 B.C.: Battle of Issus.
  • 332 B.C.: Siege of Tyre. Siege of Gaza. Conquest of Egypt.
  • 331 B.C.: Foundation of Alexandria. Lunar Eclipse. Battle of Gaugamela. Battle of Megalopolis.
  • 331-0 B.C.: Battle of Pandosia.
  • 330 B.C.: Alexander conquers Persepolis. Aeschines' Against Ctesiphon. Demosthenes' On the Crown. Lycurgus' Against Leocrates.
  • 328 B.C.: Alexander conquers Bactria and Sogdiana [see Transoxiana].
  • 327 B.C.: Alexander marries Roxane. Execution of Callisthenes. Alexander prepares for Indian expedition.
  • 326 B.C.: Alexander crosses the Indus. Battle of the Hydaspes [See Porus.]. Conquest of the Punjab.
  • 325 B.C.: Conquest of the Malli.
  • 324 B.C.: Macedonian mutiny at Opis.
  • 323 B.C.: Alexander dies at age 33. Greece revolts against Macedonia.
  • 323-2 B.C.: Siege of Lamia
  • 322 B.C.: Battle of Crannon. Change in Athenian Constitution. Death of Demosthenes, Aristotle, Lycurgus.