Science, Tech, Math › Science Table of Common Cations Share Flipboard Email Print Dorling Kindersley/Getty Images Science Chemistry Periodic Table Basics Chemical Laws Molecules Projects & Experiments Scientific Method Biochemistry Physical Chemistry Medical Chemistry Chemistry In Everyday Life Famous Chemists Activities for Kids Abbreviations & Acronyms Biology Physics Geology Astronomy Weather & Climate By Anne Marie Helmenstine, Ph.D. Chemistry Expert Ph.D., Biomedical Sciences, University of Tennessee at Knoxville B.A., Physics and Mathematics, Hastings College Dr. Helmenstine holds a Ph.D. in biomedical sciences and is a science writer, educator, and consultant. She has taught science courses at the high school, college, and graduate levels. our editorial process Facebook Facebook Twitter Twitter Anne Marie Helmenstine, Ph.D. Updated November 04, 2019 Cations are ions which have a positive electrical charge. A cation has fewer electrons than protons. An ion may consist of a single atom of an element (a monatomic ion or monatomic cation or anion) or of several atoms that are bonded together (a polyatomic ion or polyatomic cation or anion). Because of their net electrical charge, cations are repelled by other cations and are attracted to anions. This is a table listing the name, formula, and charge of common cations. Alternate names are given for some cations. Table of Common Cations Cation Name Formula Other Name Aluminum Al3+ Ammonium NH4+ Barium Ba2+ Calcium Ca2+ Chromium(II) Cr2+ Chromous Chromium(III) Cr3+ Chromic Copper(I) Cu+ Cuprous Copper(II) Cu2+ Cupric Iron(II) Fe2+ Ferrous Iron(III) Fe3+ Ferric Hydrogen H+ Hydronium H3O+ Oxonium Lead(II) Pb2+ Lithium Li+ Magnesium Mg2+ Manganese(II) Mn2+ Manganous Manganese(III) Mn3+ Manganic Mercury(I) Hg22+ Mercurous Mercury(II) Hg2+ Mercuric Nitronium NO2+ Potassium K+ Silver Ag+ Sodium Na+ Strontium Sr2+ Tin(II) Sn2+ Stannous Tin(IV) Sn4+ Stannic Zinc Zn2+ What Is an Ion? Definition and Examples How to Determine Number of Protons and Electrons in Ions Chemistry Basics: What Is an Anion? Do You Know How to Tell Cation and Anion Ions Apart? What Spectator Ions Are and Why They Are Important Practice Predicting Formulas of Compounds with Polyatomic Ions How to Find the Symbol of an Ion Learn About the 3 Types of Intermolecular Forces Polyatomic Ions You Need to Know How to Find Common Anions' Names and Write Their Formulas Learn What a Dipole Is in Chemistry and Physics Know the Rules for Assigning Oxidation Numbers See the Electron Configuration Diagrams for Atoms of the Elements The Molar Heats of Formation for Cations and Anions Ionic Radius Trends in the Periodic Table What Are Electrostatic Forces?