Copper Alloys List

An engineer holding a sheet of copper alloy

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This is a list of copper alloys or alloys in which copper is usually the base metal.

  • Arsenical copper
  • Beryllium copper (beryllium)
  • Billon (silver)
  • Brass (zinc)
  • Calamine brass (zinc)
  • Chinese silver (zinc)
  • Dutch metal (zinc)
  • Gilding metal (zinc)
  • Muntz metal (zinc)
  • Pinchbeck (zinc)
  • Prince's metal (zinc)
  • Tombac (zinc)
  • Bronze (tin, aluminum or any other element)
  • Aluminum bronze (aluminum)
  • Arsenical bronze
  • Bell metal (tin)
  • Florentine bronze (aluminum or tin)
  • Glucydur
  • Guani­n
  • Gunmetal (tin, zinc)
  • Phosphor bronze (tin and phosphorus)
  • Ormolu (Gilt Bronze) (zinc)
  • Speculum metal (tin)
  • Constantan (nickel)
  • Copper-tungsten (tungsten)
  • Corinthian bronze (gold, silver)
  • Cunife (nickel, iron)
  • Cupronickel (nickel)
  • Cymbal alloys (Bell metal) (tin)
  • Devarda's alloy (aluminum, zinc)
  • Electrum (gold, silver)
  • Hepatizon (gold, silver)
  • Heusler alloy (manganese, tin)
  • Manganin (manganese, nickel)
  • Nickel silver (nickel)
  • Nordic gold (aluminum, zinc, tin)
  • Shakudo (gold)
  • Tumbaga (gold)

What Is Latten?

Through the 18th and 19th centuries, a copper alloy was called latten. Usually, latten referred to brass or bronze. However, sometimes latten referred to a lead alloy, tin plating on iron, or any metal prepared as a thin sheet. For this reason, copper alloys are known by more specific names today.


  • Edge, David, and John Miles. Paddock. Arms and Armour of the Medieval Knight. Bison.
  • Oberg, et al. Machinerys Handbook. Industrial Press Incorporated, 2000.
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Helmenstine, Anne Marie, Ph.D. "Copper Alloys List." ThoughtCo, Aug. 26, 2020, Helmenstine, Anne Marie, Ph.D. (2020, August 26). Copper Alloys List. Retrieved from Helmenstine, Anne Marie, Ph.D. "Copper Alloys List." ThoughtCo. (accessed March 27, 2023).