Languages › English as a Second Language Comparative and Superlatives for Beginners Share Flipboard Email Print Jill L Wainright / EyeEm English as a Second Language Grammar Pronunciation & Conversation Vocabulary Writing Skills Reading Comprehension Business English Resources for Teachers by Kenneth Beare Kenneth Beare has taught English and English as a second language teacher since 1983. Updated April 08, 2019 The comparative and superlative forms in English compare and contrast different objects in English. Basketball is more exciting than golf.That house is bigger than mine. Our friends have the nicest dog in the town.She is the happiest person I know. Comparative Form Use the comparative form to show the difference between two objects. Examples: New York is more exciting than Seattle.His car is faster than Doug's.Mary is happier than Anna. 1 syllable adjective + -er She is faster than Mary. 2 + syllables more + adjective Jack is more handsome than Jerry. 2 syllables ending in -y drop -y from adjective +-ier That joke was funnier than mine. Comparative Form Comparative Form Explained One Syllable Adjectives Add '-er' to end of the adjective (Note: double the final consonant if preceded by a vowel) remove the 'y' from the adjective and add 'ier' Examples: slow - slower / high - higher This book is cheaper than that book.Tom is smarter than Derrick. Two Syllable Adjectives Ending in '-y' Drop '-y' and add '-ier' to two syllable adjectives ending in '-y'. Note adjectives ending in '-y' that are three syllables or more take 'more' rather than '-ier'. Example: happy - happier / funny - funnier I am happier than you.That joke was funnier than his joke. Two, Three or More Syllable Adjectives place 'more' before the adjective Examples: interesting - more interesting / difficult - more difficult London is more expensive than Madrid.This test is more difficult than the last test. Here is another chart showing how to construct the comparative form in English. Superlative Form Use the superlative form when speaking about three or more objects to show which object is 'the most' of something. Examples: New York is the most exciting city in the USA.Peter is the luckiest guy in the world.That's the cleanest bathroom I've ever seen! 1 syllable the + adjective + add -est That's the tallest building in New York. 2+ syllables the most + adjective Alice is the most interesting woman I've ever met. 2 syllables ending in -y drop -y from adjective +-iest Peter is the funniest guy in my class. Superlative Form Superlative Form Explained One Syllable Adjectives Place 'the' before the adjective and add '-est' to end of the adjective (Note: double the final consonant if preceded by a vowel) Example: cheap - the cheapest / hot - the hottest / high - the highest Today is the hottest day of the summer.This book is the cheapest I can find. Two, Three or More Syllable Adjectives Place 'the most' before the adjective Example: interesting - the most interesting / difficult - the most difficult London is the most expensive city in England.That is the most beautiful painting here. Two Syllable Adjectives Ending in '-y' place 'the' before the adjective and remove the 'y' from the adjective and add 'iest' Example: happy - the happiest / funny - the funniest New York is the noisiest city in the USA.He is the most important person I know. Here is a chart showing how to construct the superlative form in English: Important Exceptions There are some important exceptions to these rules! Here are two of the most important exceptions: good good - adjectivebetter - comparativethe best - superlative This book is better than that one.This is the best school in the city. bad bad - adjectiveworse - comparativethe worst - superlative His French is worse than mine.This is the worst day of my life. Teachers can use this comparative and superlative lesson plan to teach these forms to learners. Start from the basics. Continue Reading Essential Lessons for Beginning English Learners Practice Your English with this ESL Role-Play How to Teach Comparative and Superlative Forms to ESL Students Learn How to Compare and Contrast in English The Use of the Modifier More in English How to Use the Modifier Most in English Learn About Correct and Incorrect Double Comparative Usage in English Learn how to form plurals in English Common Word Spelling Problems for ESL Classes Entendiendo la Forma Superlativa en Inglés The Five Main Types of Adverbs in English Writing Sentences for Beginners Inglés Básico - Formas Comparativas en Inglés Top Lesson Plans for ESL and EFL Big, Bigger, Biggest in Italian Do You Know How to Stress Syllables in English?