Top Components of a Well-Written Lesson Plan

Whether you're working on your teaching credential or being reviewed by an administrator you will often need to write out a lesson plan during your teaching career. When you do, make sure it includes the eight essential components of a strong, effective lesson plan and you'll be on your way to achieving every teacher's goal: measurable student learning.

Here you will find the eight essential steps to include in your lesson plan. They are the objective and goals, the anticipatory set, direct instruction, guided practice, closure, independent practice, required materials and equipment, assessment and follow-up. Each of these eight components will make up one perfect lesson plan. Here you will learn a little more about each of them and how you can implement each section into your lesson.

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The lesson's objectives must be clearly defined and in line with district and/or state educational standards. More »

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Before you dig into the meat of your lesson's instruction, set the stage for your students by tapping into their prior knowledge and giving the objectives a context. In the Anticipatory Set section, you outline what you will say and/or present to your students before the direct instruction of the lesson begins. More »

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When writing your lesson plan, this is the section where you explicitly delineate how you will present the lesson's concepts to your students. Your methods of Direct Instruction could include reading a book, displaying diagrams, showing real-life examples of the subject matter, or using props. More »

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Under your supervision, the students are given a chance to practice and apply the skills you taught them through direct instruction.The Guided Practice activities can be defined as either individual or cooperative learning. More »

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In the Closure section, outline how you will wrap up the lesson by giving the lesson concepts further meaning for your students. Closure is the time when you wrap up a lesson plan and help students organize the information into meaningful context in their minds. More »

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Through homework assignments or other independent assignments, your students will demonstrate whether or not they absorbed the lesson's learning goals.Through Independent Practice, students have a chance to reinforce skills and synthesize their new knowledge by completing a task on their own and away from the teacher's guidance. More »

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Required Materials and Equipment

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Here, you determine what supplies are required to help your students achieve the stated lesson plan objectives. The Required Materials section will not be presented to students directly, but rather is written for the teacher's own reference and as a checklist before starting the lesson.

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The lesson doesn't end after your students complete a worksheet. The assessment section is one of the most important parts of all.This is where you assess the final outcome of the lesson and to what extent the learning objectives were achieved.

Edited By: Janelle Cox More »

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Your Citation
Lewis, Beth. "Top Components of a Well-Written Lesson Plan." ThoughtCo, Aug. 4, 2017, Lewis, Beth. (2017, August 4). Top Components of a Well-Written Lesson Plan. Retrieved from Lewis, Beth. "Top Components of a Well-Written Lesson Plan." ThoughtCo. (accessed February 18, 2018).