Science, Tech, Math › Science Composition of Gold Alloys in Colored Gold Jewelry Share Flipboard Email Print Dorling Kindersley / Getty Images Science Chemistry Basics Chemical Laws Molecules Periodic Table Projects & Experiments Scientific Method Biochemistry Physical Chemistry Medical Chemistry Chemistry In Everyday Life Famous Chemists Activities for Kids Abbreviations & Acronyms Biology Physics Geology Astronomy Weather & Climate By Anne Marie Helmenstine, Ph.D. Chemistry Expert Ph.D., Biomedical Sciences, University of Tennessee at Knoxville B.A., Physics and Mathematics, Hastings College Dr. Helmenstine holds a Ph.D. in biomedical sciences and is a science writer, educator, and consultant. She has taught science courses at the high school, college, and graduate levels. our editorial process Facebook Facebook Twitter Twitter Anne Marie Helmenstine, Ph.D. Updated December 08, 2019 When you buy gold jewelry, it isn't pure gold. Your gold is really an alloy, or mixture of metals. The purity or fineness of gold in the jewelry is indicated by its karat number—24 karat (24K or 24 kt) gold is as pure as gold gets for jewelry. Gold that is 24K is also called "fine gold" and is greater than 99.7% pure gold. "Proof gold" is even finer, with over 99.95% purity, but it is only used for standardization purposes and is not available for jewelry. So, what are the metals that are alloyed with gold? Gold will form alloys with most metals, but for jewelry, the most common alloying metals are silver, copper, and zinc. However, other metals may be added, especially to make colored gold. Here's a table of the compositions of some common gold alloys: Gold Alloys Color of Gold Alloy Composition Yellow Gold (22K) Gold 91.67%Silver 5%Copper 2%Zinc 1.33% Red Gold (18K) Gold 75%Copper 25% Rose Gold (18K) Gold 75%Copper 22.25%Silver 2.75% Pink Gold (18K) Gold 75%Copper 20%Silver 5% White Gold (18K) Gold 75%Platinum or Palladium 25% White Gold (18K) Gold 75%Palladium 10%Nickel 10%Zinc 5% Gray-White Gold (18K) Gold 75%Iron 17%Copper 8% Soft Green Gold (18K) Gold 75%Silver 25% Light Green Gold (18K) Gold 75%Copper 23%Cadmium 2% Green Gold (18K) Gold 75%Silver 20%Copper 5% Deep Green Gold (18K) Gold 75%Silver 15%Copper 6%Cadmium 4% Blue-White or Blue Gold (18K) Gold 75%Iron 25% Purple Gold Gold 80%Aluminum 20% What Quality Marks Say About Your Metal Jewelry Do You Know These 10 Fun Facts About Gold? What Is Brass? Composition and Properties What Is the Chemical Composition of White Gold? Know Your Elements: Gold Facts Places You Can Find Gold to Recycle, Use, or Sell Fun Science Projects With Metals Common Metal Alloys From A to Z Get Facts About the Element Palladium Properties, Composition and Production of Metal Alloys Interesting Facts About Alloys, Which Are Blends of Metals What Is a Base Metal? (Definition With Examples) 10 Metal Facts to Know A List of Precious Metals and What Makes Them Valuable What Is Electrum or Green Gold? What Is an Alloy?