How to Conjugate the Verb 'Stare' in Italian

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"Stare" is used to talk about all things, from how you’re doing to where you’re at in Italy, so it’s best if you feel comfortable using this word in all its forms. What’s more, it’s an irregular verb, so it doesn’t follow the typical "-are" verb ending pattern. Following, you’ll find all of its conjugation tables and examples, so you can become more familiar with using "stare."

Definitions of "Stare"

The verb "stare" can have many definitions. It's important to be familiar with all of its uses, which at its most basic is in the infinitive form. Its definitions include, to:

  • Be
  • Do
  • Stay
  • Remain
  • Rest
  • Stand
  • Sit
  • Be situated
  • Lie
  • Live
  • Be about to

Notice that the verb "stare" translates into a number of different verbs in English, some with very different meanings, such as "sit" and "stand," for example.

"Stare" Basics

"Stare" is an intransitive verb, so it does not take a direct object. As noted in the previous section, the "infinito," or "infinitive," is "stare." A few other basic facts about the verb include:

  • The "protect passato," or "past participle" is "stato."
  • The gerund form is “stando.”
  • The past gerund form is “essendo stato.”

Indicativo (The Indicative)​

The "indicativo," or "indicative" expresses a factual statement. The tables below present conjugations in the present tense, the present perfect (an action started in the past that either ends in the past or continues to the present), the imperfect (an action that repeated itself routinely over a certain period in the past), the near past (an action that occurred recently), the distant past (an action that occurred quite some time in the past), the simple future (an action that has yet to occur), and the anterior future (known as the future perfect tense in English and involves an action that will start and finish at some point in the future).

Note that in this and the subsequent tables, when a verb form starts with a capital letter and ends in final letters separated by a forward slash—as in "Loro sono stati/e" (They have been)—it represents the formal version of the verb in either the male or female gender use.)

Il Presente (The Present Tense)

io sto

noi stiamo

tu stai

voi state

lui, lei, Lei sta

loro, Loro stanno

Some "esempi," or "examples" of the present tense of the verb "stare" in common dialog, where the Italian is listed on the left and the English translation on the right, include:

  • Sto bene, e tu? ˃ I’m good, and you?
  • Maria sta buttando la pasta, ti fermi a pranzo con noi? ˃ Maria is about to cook pasta, are you going to have lunch with us?
Il Passato Prossimo (The Present Perfect)

io sono stato/a

noi siamo stati/e

tu sei stato/a
voi siete stati/e

lui, lei, Lei è stato/a

loro, Loro sono stati/e

Some "esempi" include:

  • Sono stata a Bologna ieri sera. ˃ I was in Bologna last night.
  • Marco e Giulio sono stati davvero carini! ˃ Marco and Giulio were extremely nice!
L’imperfetto (The Imperfect)
io stavo

noi stavamo

tu stavi

voi stavate

lui, lei, Lei stava

loro, Loro stavano

Some examples include:

  • Che stavi facendo? ˃ What were you doing?
  • Stavamo per partire quando ci ha chiamato Giulia. ˃ We were about to leave when Giulia called us.
Il Trapassato Prossimo (The Near Past)

io ero stato/a (I had been)

noi eravamo stati/e (we had been)

tu eri stato/a (you were)

voi eravate stati/e (you were, plural)

lui, lei, Lei era stato/a (he, she had been)

loro, Loro erano stati/e (they had been)

Some examples include:

  • Ho vissuto in Italia per 12 anni e non ero mai stato a Roma. ˃ I lived in Italy for 12 years and I had never been to Rome.
  • Ero stato anche all’aeroporto, ma era già partita. ˃ I also was at the airport, but she had already left.
Il Passato Remoto (The Remote Past)

io ero stato/a (I had been)

noi eravamo stati/e (we had been)

tu eri stato/a (you were)

voi eravate stati/e (you were, plural)

lui, lei, Lei era stato/a (he, she had been)

loro, Loro erano stati/e (they had been)

Some example include:

  • Nel 1996, stetti a Londra per due settimane. ˃ In 1996, I stayed in London for two weeks.
  • Stettrero ospiti a casa di Sandra durante il loro soggiorno a Milano. ˃ They stayed at Sandra’s during their stay in Milan.
Il Trapassato Remoto (The Remote Past)

io fui stato/a (I was)

noi fummo stati/e (we were)

tu fosti stato/a (you were)

voi foste stati/e (you were, plural)

lui, lei, Lei fu stato/a (he, she was)

loro, Loro furono stati/e (they were)

This tense is rarely used, so don’t worry too much about mastering it. You’ll find it only in very sophisticated writing.

Il Futuro Semplice (The Simple Future)

io starò (I will stay)

noi staremo (we will stay)

tu starai (you will stay)

voi starete (you will stay, plural)

lui, lei, Lei starà (he, she will stay)

loro, Loro staranno (they will stay)

Some examples include:

  • Sì, infatti, lui è malato, però starà bene fra un paio di giorni. ˃ Yes, in fact, he is sick, but he will be better in a couple of days.
  • Starò più attento, te lo prometto. ˃ I will pay more attention, I promise.
Il Futuro Anteriore (The Anterior Future)

Io sarò stato/a (I will have been)

noi saremo stati/e (we will have been)

tu sarai stato/a (you will have been)

voi sarete stati/e (you will have been)

lui, lei, Lei sarà stato/a (he, she will have been)

loro, Loro saranno stati/e (they, will have been)

Some examples include:

  • Ho dimenticato di prenotare i biglietti? Sarò stato davvero stanco ieri sera. ˃ I forgot to book the tickets? I must have been really tired last night.
  • Dov’era Giulia a sabato? Sarà stata con suoi amici. ˃ Where was Giula on Saturday? She must have been with her friends.

Congiuntivo (Subjunctive)​

Il Presente (The Present)

che io stia (that I am)

che noi stiamo (that we are)

che tu stia (that you are)

che voi stiate (that you are, plural)

che lui, lei, Lei stia (that he, she is)

che loro, Loro stiano (that they stay)

Some examples include:

  • Non so perché lui stia qua. ˃ I don’t know why he is here.
  • Non penso che tu stia preparando abbastanza piatti. ˃ I don’t think you’re preparing enough dishes.
Il Passato (The Past)

io sia stato/a (I was)

noi siamo stati/e (we were)

tu sia stato/a (you have been)

voi siate stati/e (you—plural—have been)

lui, lei, Lei sia stato/a (he, she was)

loro, Loro siano stati/e (they were)

Some examples include:

  • Penso sia stato meglio così. ˃ I think it was for the best.
  • Credo proprio che siano stati accompagnati in taxi all’aereoporto. ˃ I really think they had been taken by taxi to the airport.
L'imperfetto (The Imperfect)

io stessi (myself)

noi stessimo (we were)

tu stessi (you yourself)

voi steste (you were, plural)

lui, lei, Lei stesse (he, she stood)

loro, Loro stessero (they were)

Some examples include:

  • Non pensavo che lui stesse alla festa. ˃ I didn’t know that he was at the party.
  • Pensavo che stesse a dormire a casa tua. Sarei stato molto più tranquillo! ˃ I thought she was sleeping at your place. I would have been a lot more relaxed!
Il Trapassato Prossimo (The Near Past)

Io fossi stato/a (I had been)

noi fossimo stati/e (we had been)

tu fossi stato/a (you had been)

voi foste stati/e (you had been, plural)

lui, lei, Lei fosse stato/a (he, she had been)

loro, Loro fossero stati/e (they had been)

Esempi:

  • Se quel giorno fossi stato con lui, non sarebbe stato così triste. ˃ If I had been with him that day, he wouldn’t have been so sad.
  • Se fossimo stati amici in quel periodo, ci saremmo divertiti un sacco! ˃ If we had been friends during that time, we would have had so much fun!

Condizionale (Conditional)​​

Il Presente (The Present)

io starei (I would stay)

noi staremmo (we would stay)

tu staresti (you would stay)

voi stareste (you would stay, plural)

lui, lei, Lei starebbe (he, she would stay)

loro, Loro starebbero (they, would stay)

Some examples include:

  • Se io abitassi in Italia, starei meglio. ˃ If I were to live in Italy, I would be better.
  • Se aveste finito i vostri compiti a quest’ora stareste al mare! ˃ If you had finished your homework, by this time you would be at the seaside!
Il Passato (The Past)

io sarei stato/a (I would have been)

noi saremmo stati/e (we would have been)

tu saresti stato/a (you would have been)

voi sareste stati/e (you—plural—would have been)

lui, lei, Lei sarebbe stato/a (he, she would have been)

loro, Loro sarebbero stati/e (they would have been)

Some examples include:

  • Sarei stata contenta se lui mi avesse regalato dei fiori. ˃ I would have been happy if he had given me some flowers.
  • Non sarebbe stato possibile senza l’aiuto di Giulia. ˃ It wouldn’t have been possible without Giulia’s help.

Imperativo (Imperative)​​

Presente (The Present)

--

stiamo (we are)

sta/stai/sa' (stay, know)

state (been)

stia (state)

stiano (are)
  • Stai zitto! ˃ Be quiet (informal)!
  • Stia attenta! ˃ Pay attention (formal)!
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Your Citation
Hale, Cher. "How to Conjugate the Verb 'Stare' in Italian." ThoughtCo, Mar. 4, 2021, thoughtco.com/conjugate-the-verb-stare-in-italian-4054344. Hale, Cher. (2021, March 4). How to Conjugate the Verb 'Stare' in Italian. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/conjugate-the-verb-stare-in-italian-4054344 Hale, Cher. "How to Conjugate the Verb 'Stare' in Italian." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/conjugate-the-verb-stare-in-italian-4054344 (accessed June 24, 2021).

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