Conjugation of 'Decir'

Common Verb Highly Irregular

Atacama Desert for article on conjugating decir
Dicen que en el desierto de Atacama de Chile apenas llueve. (They say that in Chile's Atacama Desert it almost never rains.). A. Duarte/Creative Commons.

The conjugation of decir, an everyday verb that's usually the equivalent of "to say" or "to tell," is highly irregular, not following a readily predictable pattern.

The only verbs that are conjugated in the pattern of decir are those derived from it, which include bendecir, contradecir, desdecir, interdecir, maldecir, and predecir.

Irregular forms are shown below in boldface. Translations are given as a guide and in real life vary with context.

Infinitive of Decir

decir (to say)

Gerund of Decir

diciendeo (saying)

Participle of Decir

dicho (said)

Present Indicative of Decir

digo, tú dices, usted/él/ella dice, nosotros/as decimos, vosotros/as decís, ustedes/ellos/ellas dicen (I say, you say, he says, etc.)

Preterite of Decir

yo dije, tú dijiste, usted/él/ella dijo, nosotros/as dijimos, vosotros/as dijisteis, ustedes/ellos/ellas dijeron (I said, you said, she said, etc.)

Imperfect Indicative of Decir

yo decía, tú decías, usted/él/ella decía, nosotros/as decíamos, vosotros/as decíais, ustedes/ellos/ellas decían (I used to say, you used to say, he used to say, etc.)

Future Indicative of Decir

yo diré, tú dirás, usted/él/ella dirá, nosotros/as diremos, vosotros/as diréis, ustedes/ellos/ellas dirán (I will say, you will say, he will say, etc.)

Conditional of Decir

yo diría, tú dirías, usted/él/ella diría, nosotros/as diríamos, vosotros/as diríais, ustedes/ellos/ellas dirían (I would say, you would say, she would say, etc.)

Present Subjunctive of Decir

que yo diga, que tú digas, que usted/él/ella diga, que nosotros/as digamos, que vosotros/as digáis, que ustedes/ellos/ellas digan (that I say, that you say, that she say, etc.)

Imperfect Subjunctive of Decir

que yo dijera (dijese), que tú dijeras (dijeses), que usted/él/ella dijera (dijese), que nosotros/as dijéramos (dijésemos), que vosotros/as dijerais (dijeseis), que ustedes/ellos/ellas dijeran (dijesen) (that I said, that you said, that he said, etc.)

Imperative of Decir

di tú, no digas tú, diga usted, digamos nosotros/as, decid vosotros/as, no digáis vosotros/as, digan ustedes (say, don't say, say, let's say, etc.)

Compound Tenses of Decir

The perfect tenses are made by using the appropriate form of haber and the past participle, dicho. The progressive tenses use estar with the gerund, diciendo.

Sample Sentences Showing Conjugation of Decir and Related Verbs

No queremos decir que tenemos toda la verdad. (We don't want to say we have all the truth. Infinitive.)

Os lo he dicho muchas veces. (I have told you it many times. Present perfect.)

No entiendo lo que me están diciendo. (I don't understand what they're telling me. Present progressive.)

No obstante, predigo que en el futuro cercano vamos a ver muchos cambios en la industria. (Nevertheless, I predict that in the near future we will see many changes in the industry. Present indicative.)

¿Le dijiste que todo era mentira? (Did you tell him it was all a lie? Preterite.)

Creía que me contradecía por su manera de vivir. (I used to believe she was contradicting me by her lifestyle. Imperfect.)

Te dirán lo que quieras escuchar. (They'll tell you what you want to hear. Future.)

Si era en su casa, yo deciría que soy alérgica para un ingrediente de la comida y no puedo comerla.

(If I were at his home, I would say that I'm allergic to an ingredient in the food and that I can't eat it. Conditional.)

En el mundo en el cual vivimos, es inevitable que alguien nos maldiga. (In the world we live in, it is inevitable that someone will criticize us. Present subjunctive.)

Niega que dijera que Cataluña debe ser reconocida como nación. (She denies saying that Catalonia should be recognized as a country. Imperfect subjunctive.)

Dice que es tu turno. (Say it's your turn. Imperative.)

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Erichsen, Gerald. "Conjugation of 'Decir'." ThoughtCo, Feb. 25, 2017, thoughtco.com/conjugation-of-decir-3079625. Erichsen, Gerald. (2017, February 25). Conjugation of 'Decir'. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/conjugation-of-decir-3079625 Erichsen, Gerald. "Conjugation of 'Decir'." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/conjugation-of-decir-3079625 (accessed January 24, 2018).