Spanish Verb Ir Conjugation

Ir Conjugation, Usage, and Examples

Beach in the Canary Islands
Fuimos ayer a la playa. (We went to the beach yesterday).

Juan Ramón Rodríguez Sosa/Flickr/CC BY-SA 2.0

The verb ir is one of the most frequently used verbs in Spanish. It is typically translated as "to go." You might not expect fue and vaya to be conjugations of the same verb, but that is what happens with the verb ir. As would be expected for a verb that uniquely has an ending only with no stem, ir, is highly irregular. Most unusually, it shares its preterite and imperfect subjunctive forms with ser. The context typically will indicate which verb is being conjugated. The verb ir is also frequently used because it is used to form the periphrastic future.

In the tables below you can find the conjugations of ir in the indicative mood (present, past, and future), the subjunctive mood (present and past), the imperative mood, and other verb forms.

Ir Present Indicative

Notice that the present tense conjugations are highly irregular, since none of the verbs resemble the infinitive ir.

Yo voy Yo voy al trabajo temprano. I go to work early.
vas Tú vas a la playa durante el fin de semana. You go to the beach over the weekend.
Usted/él/ella va Ella va al cine con sus amigos. She goes to the movies with her friends.
Nosotros vamos Nosotros vamos al partido de fútbol.  We go to the soccer game.
Vosotros vais Vosotros vais a la tienda frecuentemente. You go to the store frequently.
Ustedes/ellos/ellas van Ellos van a la biblioteca para estudiar. They go to the library to study.

Ir Preterite Indicative

Notice that in the preterite tense, the conjugations of ir are exactly the same as the preterite conjugations of the verb ser. Therefore, you need the context to determine which verb is being used.

Yo fui Yo fui al trabajo temprano. I went to work early.
fuiste Tú fuiste a la playa durante el fin de semana. You went to the beach over the weekend.
Usted/él/ella fue Ella fue al cine con sus amigos. She went to the movies with her friends.
Nosotros fuimos Nosotros fuimos al partido de fútbol.  We went to the soccer game.
Vosotros fuisteis Vosotros fuisteis a la tienda frecuentemente. You went to the store frequently.
Ustedes/ellos/ellas fueron Ellos fueron a la biblioteca para estudiar. They went to the library to study.

Ir Imperfect Indicative

The verb ir is also conjugated irregularly in the imperfect tense. The imperfect can be translated to English as "was going" or "used to go."

Yo iba Yo iba al trabajo temprano. I used to go to work early.
ibas Tú ibas a la playa durante el fin de semana. You used to go to the beach over the weekend.
Usted/él/ella iba Ella iba al cine con sus amigos. She used to go to the movies with her friends.
Nosotros íbamos Nosotros íbamos al partido de fútbol.  We used to go to the soccer game.
Vosotros ibais Vosotros ibais a la tienda frecuentemente. You used to go to the store frequently.
Ustedes/ellos/ellas iban Ellos iban a la biblioteca para estudiar. They used to go to the library to study.

Ir Future Indicative

The future tense is normally conjugated starting with the infinitive of the verb, and then adding the future tense endings. This is one of the few verb tenses for which ir is conjugated regularly.

Yo iré Yo iré al trabajo temprano. I will go to work early.
irás Tú irás a la playa durante el fin de semana. You will go to the beach over the weekend.
Usted/él/ella irá Ella irá al cine con sus amigos. She will go to the movies with her friends.
Nosotros iremos Nosotros iremos al partido de fútbol.  We will go to the soccer game.
Vosotros iréis Vosotros iréis a la tienda frecuentemente. You will go to the store frequently.
Ustedes/ellos/ellas irán Ellos irán a la biblioteca para estudiar. They will go to the library to study.

Ir Periphrastic Future Indicative 

In the periphrastic future the verb ir is used twice, since this verb tense is formed with the verb ir followed by the preposition a and then infinitive of the verb. This is similar to the English form "going to go."

Yo voy a ir Yo voy a ir al trabajo temprano. I am going to go to work early.
vas a ir Tú vas a ir a la playa durante el fin de semana. You are going to go to the beach over the weekend.
Usted/él/ella va a ir Ella va a ir al cine con sus amigos. She is going to go to the movies with her friends.
Nosotros vamos sa ir Nosotros vamos a ir al partido de fútbol.  We are going to go to the soccer game.
Vosotros vais a ir Vosotros vais a ir a la tienda frecuentemente. You are going to go to the store frequently.
Ustedes/ellos/ellas van a ir Ellos van a ir a la biblioteca para estudiar. They are going to go to the library to study.

Ir Present Progressive/Gerund Form

The gerund, also called the present participle, of -ir verbs is normally formed with the stem of the verb and the ending -iendo. Since ir doesn't really have a stem, the -ie in the ending changes to y and you end up with the form yendo. This verb form can be used in the present progressive and other progressive tenses.

Present Progressive of Ir está  yendo Ella está yendo al cine con sus amigos. She is going to the movies with her friends.

Ir Past Participle

The past participle for -ir verbs usually ends in -ido. For the verb ir, you end up simply using ido as the past participle. This verb form is used in the perfect tenses with the auxiliary verb haber.

Present Perfect of Ir ha ido Ella ha ido al cine con sus amigos. She has been to the movies with her friends.

Ir Conditional Indicative

In the conditional tense ir is conjugated regularly. Just like in the future tense, you simply add the conditional endings to the infinitive ir.

Yo iría Yo iría al trabajo temprano si me levantara más temprano. I would go to work early if I got up earlier.
irías Tú irías a la playa durante el fin de semana si pudieras. You would go to the beach over the weekend if you could.
Usted/él/ella iría Ella iría al cine con sus amigos, pero tiene que estudiar. She would go to the movies with her friends, but she has to study.
Nosotros iríamos Nosotros iríamos al partido de fútbol si tuviéramos boletos. We would go to the soccer game if we had tickets.
Vosotros iríais Vosotros iríais a la tienda frecuentemente si estuviera más cerca. You would go to the store frequently if it were closer.
Ustedes/ellos/ellas irían Ellos irían a la biblioteca para estudiar, pero prefieren quedarse en casa. They would go to the library to study, but they prefer to stay home.

Ir Present Subjunctive

The present subjunctive conjugations of ir are completely irregular.

Que yo vaya El jefe pide que yo vaya al trabajo temprano. The boss asks that I go to work early.
Que tú vayas Marta espera que tú vayas a la playa durante el fin de semana. Marta hopes that you go to the beach over the weekend.
Que usted/él/ella vaya Petra quiere que ella vaya al cine con sus amigos. Petra wants her to go to the movies with her friends.
Que nosotros vayamos El entrenador recomienda que nosotros vayamos al partido de fútbol. The coach recommends that we go to the soccer game.
Que vosotros vayáis Esteban sugiere que vosotros vayáis a la tienda frecuentemente. Esteban suggests that you go to the store frequently.
Que ustedes/ellos/ellas vayan El profesor espera que ellos vayan a la biblioteca para estudiar. The professor hopes that they go to the library to study.

Ir Imperfect Subjunctive

In the imperfect subjunctive tense, ir also shares the same conjugation as the verb ser (just like in the preterite tense), so you have to have context in order to know which verb is being used. There are two ways in which you can conjugate the imperfect subjunctive:

Option 1

Que yo fuera El jefe pidió que yo fuera al trabajo temprano. The boss asked that I go to work early.
Que tú fueras Marta esperaba que tú fueras a la playa durante el fin de semana. Marta hoped that you would go to the beach over the weekend.
Que usted/él/ella fuera Petra quería que ella fuera al cine con sus amigos. Petra wanted her to go to the movies with her friends.
Que nosotros fuéramos El entrenador recomendó que nosotros fuéramos al partido de fútbol. The coach recommended that we go to the soccer game.
Que vosotros fuerais Esteban sugirió que vosotros fuerais a la tienda frecuentemente. Esteban suggested that you go to the store frequently.
Que ustedes/ellos/ellas fueran El profesor esperaba que ellos fueran a la biblioteca para estudiar. The professor hoped that they go to the library to study.

Option 2

Que yo fuese El jefe pidió que yo fuese al trabajo temprano. The boss asked that I go to work early.
Que tú fueses Marta esperaba que tú fueses a la playa durante el fin de semana. Marta hoped that you would go to the beach over the weekend.
Que usted/él/ella fuese Petra quería que ella fuese al cine con sus amigos. Petra wanted her to go to the movies with her friends.
Que nosotros fuésemos El entrenador recomendó que nosotros fuésemos al partido de fútbol. The coach recommended that we go to the soccer game.
Que vosotros fueseis Esteban sugirió que vosotros fueseis a la tienda frecuentemente. Esteban suggested that you go to the store frequently.
Que ustedes/ellos/ellas fuesen El profesor esperaba que ellos fuesen a la biblioteca para estudiar. The professor hoped that they go to the library to study.

Ir Imperative

The imperative mood consists of orders or commands. These verb forms are also irregular.

Positive Commands

ve ¡Ve a la playa durante el fin de semana! Go to the beach during the weekend!
Usted vaya ¡Vaya al cine con sus amigos! Go to the movies with your friends!
Nosotros vayamos ¡Vayamos al partido de fútbol! Let's go to the soccer game!
Vosotros id ¡Id a la tienda frecuentemente! Go to the store frequently!
Ustedes vayan ¡Vayan a la biblioteca para estudiar! Go to the library to study!

Negative Commands

no vayas ¡No vayas a la playa durante el fin de semana! Don't go to the beach during the weekend!
Usted no vaya ¡No vaya al cine con sus amigos! Don't go to the movies with your friends!
Nosotros no vayamos ¡No vayamos al partido de fútbol! Let's not go to the soccer game!
Vosotros no vayáis ¡No vayáis a la tienda frecuentemente! Don't go to the store frequently!
Ustedes no vayan ¡No vayan a la biblioteca para estudiar! Don't go to the library to study!