Conjugation of 'Ir'

Common Verb Is Highly Irregular

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Erichsen, Gerald. "Conjugation of 'Ir'." ThoughtCo, May. 3, 2016, thoughtco.com/conjugation-of-ir-3079623. Erichsen, Gerald. (2016, May 3). Conjugation of 'Ir'. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/conjugation-of-ir-3079623 Erichsen, Gerald. "Conjugation of 'Ir'." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/conjugation-of-ir-3079623 (accessed September 23, 2017).
Beach in the Canary Islands.
Fuimos ayer a la playa. (We went to the beach yesterday). Photo taken at Las Palmas de Gran Canaria in Spain. Juan Ramón Rodríguez Sosa/Creative Commons.

As would be expected for a verb that uniquely has an ending, -ir, but no stem, the common verb ir, which often means "to go," is highly irregular. Most unusually, it shares its preterite and imperfect subjunctive forms with ser. The context typically will indicate which verb is being conjugated.

Ir is frequently used with other verbs to form the periphrastic future.

Irregular forms are shown below in boldface.

Translations are given as a guide and in real life may vary with context.

Infinitive of Ir

ir (to go)

Gerund of Ir

yendo (going)

Participle of Ir

ido (gone)

Present Indicative of Ir

yo voy, tú vas, usted/él/ella va, nosotros/as vamos, vosotros/as vais, ustedes/ellos/ellas van (I go, you yendo, he yendo, etc.)

Preterite of Ir

yo fui, tú fuiste, usted/él/ella fue, nosotros/as fuimos, vosotros/as fuisteis, ustedes/ellos/ellas fueron (I went, you went, she went, etc.)

Imperfect Indicative of Ir

yo iba, tú ibas, usted/él/ella iba, nosotros/as íbamos, vosotros/as ibais, ustedes/ellos/ellas iban (I used to go, you used to go, he used to go, etc.)

Future Indicative of Ir

yo iré, tú irás, usted/él/ella irá, nosotros/as iremos, vosotros/as iréis, ustedes/ellos/ellas irán (I will go, you will go, he will go, etc.)

Conditional of Ir

yo iría, tú irías, usted/él/ella iría, nosotros/as iríamos, vosotros/as iríais, ustedes/ellos/ellas irían (I would go, you would go, she would go, etc.)

Present Subjunctive of Ir

que yo vaya, que tú vayas, que usted/él/ella vaya, que nosotros/as vayamos, que vosotros/as vayáis, que ustedes/ellos/ellas vayan (that I go, that you go, that she go, etc.)

Imperfect Subjunctive of Ir

que yo fuera (fuese), que tú fueras (fueses), que usted/él/ella fuera (fuese), que nosotros/as fuéramos (fuésemos), que vosotros/as fuerais (fueseis), que ustedes/ellos/ellas fueran (fuesen) (that I went, that you went, that he went, etc.)

Imperative of Ir

ve (tú), no vayas (tú), vaya (usted), vamos or vayamos (nosotros/as), id (vosotros/as), no vayáis (vosotros/as), vayan (ustedes) (go, don't go, go, let's go, etc.)

Compound Tenses of Ir

The perfect tenses are made by using the appropriate form of haber and the past participle, ido. The progressive tenses use estar with the gerund, yendo.

Sample Sentences Showing Conjugation of Ir

Nunca he viajado a Chile, pero espero ir allí. (I have never traveled to Chile, but I hope to go there. Infinitive.)

He ido muchas veces al restaurante y siempre me ha gustado. (I have often gone to the restaurant and I have always liked it. Present perfect.)

Esta semana vamos a estudiar la situación en Alemania. (This week we are going to study the situation in Germany. Present indicative showing how the periphrastic future is formed.)

Los hombres se fueron a la cocina a preparar unos tragos. (The men went away to the kitchen to prepare some drinks. Preterite.)

Ella y yo íbamos una vez al mes a un café del centro y hablábamos de todo. (She and I would go monthly to a downtown café and talk about everything. Imperfect.)

No sé si iré a la playa, porque me es difícil divertirme sin dinero. (I don't know if I'll go to the beach, because it is difficult for me to enjoy myself without money.

Future.)

Si yo tuviera que decidir, iría a Isla Mujeres. (If I had to decide, I would go to Isla Mujeres. Conditional.)

Espero que vayan con la disposición de escuchar. (I hope they go prepared to pay attention. Present subjunctive.)

Insistí una y otra vez en que fuera conmigo. (I insisted again and again that she go with me. Imperfect subjunctive.)

¡Vete de allí! (Get out of here! Imperative.)