Conjugation of 'Oír'

Common Verb is Highly Irregular

dog with floppy ears
¿Puede oír bien este perro? (Can this dog hear well?). EMR/Creative Commons.

Oír is a common Spanish verb that typically means "to hear." It is highly irregular, in part because of its use of an accent in its ending.

The only other verbs that are conjugated in the same way as oír are those few verbs based on oír, namely desoír (to ignore), entreoír (to half-hear or hear indistinctly) and trasoír (to mishear).

Irregular forms are shown below in boldface. Translations are given as a guide and in real life may vary with context.

Infinitive of Oír

oír (to hear)

Gerund of Oír

oyendo (hearing)

Participle of Oír

oído (heard)

Present Indicative of Oír

yo oigo, tú oyes, usted/él/ella oye, nosotros/as oímos, vosotros/as oís, ustedes/ellos/ellas oyen (I hear, you hear, he hears, etc.)

Preterite of Oír

yo oí, tú oíste, usted/él/ella oyó, nosotros/as oímos, vosotros/as oísteis, ustedes/ellos/ellas oyeron (I heard, you hears, she hears, etc.)

Imperfect Indicative of Oír

yo oía, tú oías, usted/él/ella oía, nosotros/as oíamos, vosotros/as oíais, ustedes/ellos/ellas oían (I used to hear, you used to hear, he used to hear, etc.)

Future Indicative of Oír

yo oiré, tú oirás, usted/él/ella oirá, nosotros/as oiremos, vosotros/as oiréis, ustedes/ellos/ellas oirán (I will hear, you will hear, he will hear, etc.)

Conditional of Oír

yo oiría, tú oirías, usted/él/ella oiría, nosotros/as oiríamos, vosotros/as oiríais, ustedes/ellos/ellas oirían (I would hear, you would hear, she would hear, etc.)

Present Subjunctive of Oír

que yo oiga, que tú oigas, que usted/él/ella oiga, que nosotros/as oigamos, que vosotros/as oigáis, que ustedes/ellos/ellas oigan (that I hear, that you hear, that she hear, etc.)

Imperfect Subjunctive of Oír

que yo oyera (oyese), que tú oyeras (oyeses), que usted/él/ella oyera (oyese), que nosotros/as oyéramos (oyésemos), que vosotros/as oyerais (oyeseis), que ustedes/ellos/ellas oyeran (oyesen) (that I hears, that you hears, that he hears, etc.)

Imperative of Oír

oye tú, no oigas tú, oiga usted, oigamos nosotros/as, oíd vosotros/as, no oigáis vosotros/as, oigan ustedes (hear, don't hear, hear, let's hear, etc.)

Compound Tenses of Oír

The perfect tenses are made by using the appropriate form of haber and the past participle, oído. The progressive tenses use estar with the gerund, oyendo.

Sample Sentences Showing Conjugation of Oír and Related Verbs

Tenemos dos objetivos: erradicar las barreras de la discriminación que enfrentan los sordos y ofrecer empleo a los que no pueden oír. (We have two goals: to eradicate the discriminatory barriers facing the deaf and to offer work to those who cannot hear. Infinitive.)

Todos hemos oído que «lo que cuenta es lo que está dentro». (We've all heard that what counts is what's inside. Present perfect.)

Desoyes todo lo que no te interesa. (You're ignoring everything that doesn't interest you. Present indicative.)

Entreoyó una conversación al otro lado de la puerta. (She half-heard a conversation on the other side of the door. Preterite.)

Aquella noche yo oía la lluvia desde la cama y pensaba en ti. (That night I heard the rain from the bed and thought about you. Imperfect.)

Es cierto que lo oiré cada vez que pase por aquí.

(It is certain that I will hear it every time it passes by here. Future.)

Los dispositivos permiten restaurar la audición en personas que no oirían de otro modo. (The devices provide for the restoration of hearing in people who wouldn't hear any other way. Conditional.)

¡Desgraciados de los que desoigan mis palabras! (How wretched are those who mishear my words! Present subjunctive.)

Yo no quería que oyeras esto. (I didn't want you to hear this. Imperfect subjunctive.)

¡Oye, oye! (Hear ye, hear ye! Imperative.)

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Your Citation
Erichsen, Gerald. "Conjugation of 'Oír'." ThoughtCo, Mar. 2, 2017, Erichsen, Gerald. (2017, March 2). Conjugation of 'Oír'. Retrieved from Erichsen, Gerald. "Conjugation of 'Oír'." ThoughtCo. (accessed January 17, 2018).