Conjugation of ‘Salir’

Verb is irregular in nearly unique way

salida de emergencia for Spanish lesson on salir
"Salida," meaning "exit," is a noun form of "salir" based on the past participle.

Jlmaral / Creative Commons

Salir, a common verb that typically means "to leave," "to exit" or "to depart," is irregular in ways that few verbs are. A -ga- or -dr- is inserted in some endings in ways that aren't predictable.

The only frequently used verb that is conjugated in the same way as salir is sobresalir, which usually means "to stand out" or "to tower above."

Two rare verbs, also based on salir, share the conjugation. They are resalir (an architectural term for emphasizing a feature in a building) and asalir (to leave for a meeting).

Irregular forms aestabanre shown below in boldface. Translations are given as a guide and in real life may vary with context.

Infinitive of Salir

salir (to leave)

Gerund of Salir

saliendo (leaving)

Participle of Salir

salido (left)

Present Indicative of Salir

yo salgo, tú sales, usted/él/ella sale, nosotros/as salimos, vosotros/as salís, ustedes/ellos/ellas salen (I leave, you leave, he leaves, etc.)

Preterite of Salir

yo salí, tú saliste, usted/él/ella salió, nosotros/as salimos, vosotros/as salisteis, ustedes/ellos/ellas salieron (I left, you left, she left, etc.)

Imperfect Indicative of Salir

yo salía, tú salías, usted/él/ella salía, nosotros/as salíamos, vosotros/as salíais, ustedes/ellos/ellas salían (I used to leave, you used to leave, he used to leave, etc.)

Future Indicative of Salir

yo saldré, tú saldrás, usted/él/ella saldrá, nosotros/as saldremos, vosotros/as saldréis, ustedes/ellos/ellas saldrán (I will leave, you will leave, he will leave, etc.)

Conditional of Salir

yo saldría, tú saldrías, usted/él/ella saldría, nosotros/as saldríamos, vosotros/as saldríais, ustedes/ellos/ellas saldrían (I would leave, you would leave, she would leave, etc.)

Present Subjunctive of Salir

que yo salga, que tú salgas, que usted/él/ella salga, que nosotros/as salgamos, que vosotros/as salgáis, que ustedes/ellos/ellas salgan (that I leave, that you leave, that she leave, etc.)

Imperfect Subjunctive of Salir

que yo saliera (saliese), que tú salieras (salieses), que usted/él/ella saliera (saliese), que nosotros/as saliéramos (saliésemos), que vosotros/as salierais (salieseis), que ustedes/ellos/ellas salieran (saliesen) (that I left, that you left, that he left, etc.)

Imperative of Salir

sal (tú), no salgas (tú), salga (usted), salgamos (nosotros/as), salid (vosotros/as), no salgáis (vosotros/as), salgan (ustedes) (leave, don't leave, leave, let's leave, etc.)

Compound Tenses of Salir

The perfect tenses are made by using the appropriate form of haber and the past participle, salido. The progressive tenses use estar with the gerund, saliendo.

Sample Sentences Showing Conjugation of Salir

Nadie los vio salir. (Nobody saw them leave. Infinitive.)

Inglaterra ha salido de la institución europea, pero no ha salido de la economía europea. (England has left the European institution, but it hasn't left the European economy. Present perfect.)

¿Quién dice que hemos salido de la crisis económica? (Who says that we are out of the economic crisis? Literally, who says that we have left the economic crisis? Present perfect.) 

Las cosas se estaban saliendo de control. (Things were going out of control. Present progressive using the gerund.)

A esa hora, en la costa oriental de Estados Unidos, la Luna estará poniéndose y el Sol estará saliendo. (At that time on the east coast of the United States, the moon will be setting and the sun will be rising. Future progressive.)

Salgo de mi trabajo a las tres de la mañana. (I get off work at 3 a.m. Present indicative.)

Los buses salen cada 20 minutos. (The buses leave every 20 minutes. Present indicative.)

Todos los estudiantes salieron con lágrimas en los ojos. (All the students left with tears in their eyes. Preterite.)

Podías ver cómo le salía sangre de sus ojos. (You could see there was blood coming out of her eyes. Imperfect.)

La verdad saldrá a la luz. (The truth will come to light. Future.)

No saldré si mi padre no quiere que salga. (I will not leave if my father doesn't want me to. (Future, present subjunctive.)

Aunque hacer helados caseros no es excesivamente complicado, lo cierto es que se necesita un equipamiento básico para que salgan lo más deliciosos posible. (Although making home-made ice cream treats isn't especially complicated, it is certain that you need basic equipment so they turn out as delicious as possible. Present subjunctive.)

¿Que pasaría si la Tierra se saliera de su órbita? (What would happen if the Earth left its orbit? Imperfect subjunctive.)

Si saliésemos a la calle a preguntar por la mejor serie de videojuegos de basket, probablemente 9 de cada 10 nos responderían “NBA 2K”. (If we were to go out on the street to ask what is the best basketball game video series, probably nine out of 10 would respond with “NBA 2K.” Imperfect subjunctive.)

S​al ahora de tu zona de confort. (Get out of your comfort zone now. Imperative.)

No salgáis de allí hasta que encontremos lo que queremos saber. (Don't leave from there until we find out what we want to know. Negative imperative.)