Spanish Verb Venir Conjugation, Usage, and Examples

Venir Conjugation, Usage, and Examples

Woman beckoning on beach with picnic basket
Ven conmigo por favor. (Come with me, please.).

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The Spanish verb venir means to come. It is a very frequently used verb. Like many other common Spanish verbs, venir is highly irregular. It is a stem-changing verb, which means that in some conjugations the vowel e from the verb's stem can change to ie or i when found in a stressed syllable. Also, a -d- or -g- is added to the ending of some conjugations.

The only other verbs that use the same conjugation pattern are those ending in -venir such as intervenir (often meaning to intervene or to take part) and prevenir (often meaning to prevent or to warn). However, the conjugation of venir has some similarities to the conjugations of the verb tener (to have).

In the charts below, you can find the conjugations of venir in the indicative mood (present, past, future), the subjunctive mood (present, past), the imperative mood, and other verb forms.

Venir Present Indicative

In the present indicative tense, the first person singular conjugation of the verb venir is irregular, and other conjugations are stem-changing, which means that the e in the stem of the verb changes to ie when it is in a stressed syllable.

Yo vengo Yo vengo a visitar a mi abuela. I come to visit my grandma.
vienes Tú vienes a la biblioteca frecuentemente. You come to the library frequently.
Usted/él/ella viene Ella viene a la escuela en autobús. She comes to school by bus.
Nosotros venimos Nosotros venimos con nuestros amigos. We come with our friends.
Vosotros venís Vosotros venís de la fiesta muy tarde. You come from the party very late.
Ustedes/ellos/ellas vienen Ellos vienen a comer a mi casa. They come to eat at my house.

Venir Preterite Indicative

In the preterite tense conjugations of venir, the stem has an i instead of an e.

Yo vine Yo vine a visitar a mi abuela. I came to visit my grandma.
viniste Tú viniste a la biblioteca frecuentemente. You came to the library frequently.
Usted/él/ella vino Ella vino a la escuela en autobús. She came to school by bus.
Nosotros vinimos Nosotros vinimos con nuestros amigos. We came with our friends.
Vosotros vinisteis Vosotros vinisteis de la fiesta muy tarde. You came from the party very late.
Ustedes/ellos/ellas vinieron Ellos vinieron a comer a mi casa. They came to eat at my house.

Venir Imperfect Indicative

The imperfect tense conjugation of venir is regular. The imperfect can be translated as "was coming" or "used to come."

Yo venía Yo venía a visitar a mi abuela. I used to come to visit my grandma.
venías Tú venías a la biblioteca frecuentemente. You used to come to the library frequently.
Usted/él/ella venía Ella venía a la escuela en autobús. She used to come to school by bus.
Nosotros veníamos Nosotros veníamos con nuestros amigos. We used to come with our friends.
Vosotros veníais Vosotros veníais de la fiesta muy tarde. You used to come from the party very late.
Ustedes/ellos/ellas venían Ellos venían a comer a mi casa. They used to come to eat at my house.

Venir Future Indicative

The future tense of the verb venir is irregular. Instead of simply using the infinitive venir as the stem, it includes a d, so the stem becomes vendr-.

Yo vendré Yo vendré a visitar a mi abuela. I will come to visit my grandma.
vendrás Tú vendrás a la biblioteca frecuentemente. You will come to the library frequently.
Usted/él/ella vendrá Ella vendrá a la escuela en autobús. She will come to school by bus.
Nosotros vendremos Nosotros vendremos con nuestros amigos. We will come with our friends.
Vosotros vendréis Vosotros vendréis de la fiesta muy tarde. You will come from the party very late.
Ustedes/ellos/ellas vendrán Ellos vendrán a comer a mi casa. They will come to eat at my house.

Venir Periphrastic Future Indicative 

The periphrastic future is formed with three components: the present indicative conjugation of the verb ir (to go), the preposition a, and the infinitive venir.

Yo voy a venir Yo voy a venir a visitar a mi abuela. I am going to come to visit my grandma.
vas a venir Tú vas a venir a la biblioteca frecuentemente. You are going to come to the library frequently.
Usted/él/ella va a venir Ella va a venir a la escuela en autobús. She is going to come to school by bus.
Nosotros vamos a venir Nosotros vamos a venir con nuestros amigos. We are going to come with our friends.
Vosotros vais a venir Vosotros vais a venir de la fiesta muy tarde. You are going to come from the party very late.
Ustedes/ellos/ellas van a venir Ellos van a venir a comer a mi casa. They are going to come to eat at my house.

Venir Present Progressive/Gerund Form

The gerund or present participle for the verb venir has the stem change e to i, like the preterite conjugations of venir.

Present Progressive of Venir está viniendo Ella está viniendo a la escuela en autobús.  She is coming to school by bus.

Venir Past Participle

The past participle is a verb form that can be used to form perfect tenses, such as the present perfect, which is formed with the auxiliary verb haber and the past participle venido.

Present Perfect of Venir ha venido Ella ha venido a la escuela en autobús.  She has come to school by bus.

Venir Conditional Indicative

The conditional tense of venir uses the same irregular stem as the future tense, including the d in vendr-. The conditional is usually translated to English as "would + verb."

Yo vendría Yo vendría a visitar a mi abuela si tuviera más tiempo. I would come visit my grandma if I had more time.
vendrías Tú vendrías a la biblioteca frecuentemente si te gustara leer. You would come to the library frequently if you liked to read.
Usted/él/ella vendría Ella vendría a la escuela en autobús, pero le gusta caminar. She would come to school by bus, but she likes to walk.
Nosotros vendríamos Nosotros vendríamos con nuestros amigos, pero están ocupados. We would come with our friends, but they are busy.
Vosotros vendríais Vosotros vendríais de la fiesta muy tarde si tuvierais permiso. You would come from the party very late if you had permission.
Ustedes/ellos/ellas vendrían Ellos vendrían a comer a mi casa si tuvieran hambre. They would come to eat at my house if they were hungry.

Venir Present Subjunctive

The present subjunctive is formed by starting with the first person present indicative conjugation. Since the yo conjugation for venir is irregular (vengo), then the present subjunctive conjugations are also irregular.

Que yo venga Mi madre quiere que yo venga a visitar a mi abuela. My mother wants me to come visit my grandma.
Que tú vengas El profesor sugiere que tú vengas a la biblioteca frecuentemente. The professor suggests that you come to the library frequently. 
Que usted/él/ella venga Patricio espera que ella venga a la escuela en autobús.  Patricio hopes that she comes to school by bus.
Que nosotros vengamos Miranda pide que vengamos con nuestros amigos. Miranda asks that we come with our friends.
Que vosotros vengáis Hortencia no quiere que vosotros vengáis muy tarde de la fiesta. Hortencia does not want you to come late from the party.
Que ustedes/ellos/ellas vengan Mi familia espera que ustedes vengan a comer a mi casa. My family hopes that you come to eat at my house.

Venir Imperfect Subjunctive

There are two options for conjugating the imperfect subjunctive:

Option 1

Que yo viniera Mi madre quería que yo viniera a visitar a mi abuela. My mother wanted me to come visit my grandma.
Que tú vinieras El profesor sugirió que tú vinieras a la biblioteca frecuentemente. The professor suggested that you come to the library frequently. 
Que usted/él/ella viniera Patricio esperaba que ella viniera a la escuela en autobús.  Patricio hoped that she would come to school by bus.
Que nosotros viniéramos Miranda pidió que viniéramos con nuestros amigos. Miranda asked that we come with our friends.
Que vosotros vinierais Hortencia no quería que vosotros vinierais muy tarde de la fiesta. Hortencia did not want you to come late from the party.
Que ustedes/ellos/ellas vinieran Mi familia esperaba que ustedes vinieran a comer a mi casa. My family hoped that you would come to eat at my house.

Option 2

Que yo viniese Mi madre quería que yo viniese a visitar a mi abuela. My mother wanted me to come visit my grandma.
Que tú vinieses El profesor sugirió que tú vinieses a la biblioteca frecuentemente. The professor suggested that you come to the library frequently. 
Que usted/él/ella viniese Patricio esperaba que ella viniese a la escuela en autobús.  Patricio hoped that she would come to school by bus.
Que nosotros viniésemos Miranda pidió que viniésemos con nuestros amigos. Miranda asked that we come with our friends.
Que vosotros vinieseis Hortencia no quería que vosotros vinieseis muy tarde de la fiesta. Hortencia did not want you to come late from the party.
Que ustedes/ellos/ellas viniesen Mi familia esperaba que ustedes viniesen a comer a mi casa. My family hoped that you would come to eat at my house.

Venir Imperative

In order to give direct orders or commands you need the imperative mood. Most of the commands for venir are irregular. There are both positive and negative commands, shown in the tables below.

Positive Commands

ven ¡Ven a la biblioteca frecuentemente! Come to the library frequently!
Usted venga ¡Venga a la escuela en autobús! Come to school by bus!
Nosotros vengamos ¡Vengamos con nuestros amigos! Let's come with our friends!
Vosotros venid ¡Venid de la fiesta muy tarde! Come from the party very late!
Ustedes vengan ¡Vengan a comer a mi casa! Come eat at my house!

Negative Commands

no vengas ¡No vengas a la biblioteca frecuentemente! Don't come to the library frequently!
Usted no venga ¡No venga a la escuela en autobús! Don't come to school by bus!
Nosotros no vengamos ¡No vengamos con nuestros amigos! Let's not come with our friends!
Vosotros no vengáis ¡No vengáis de la fiesta muy tarde! Don't come from the party very late!
Ustedes no vengan ¡No vengan a comer a mi casa! Don't come eat at my house!