Spanish Verb Vivir Conjugation

Vivir Conjugation, Usage and Examples

Toucan
El tucán vive en la selva. (The toucan lives in the jungle.). Adalberto H Vega/Flickr

The Spanish verb vivir means to live. It is a regular verb, so it follows the conjugation pattern for all verbs ending in -ir. To conjugate the infinitive verb vivir, drop the ending -ir and add the new ending.

Below you will find vivir conjugations for the most frequently used tenses, such as present, preterite, and imperfect, followed by their translations and usage examples. You will also find a variety of verb forms, such as participles and gerunds, as well as conjugations in both the indicative and subjunctive mood.

Spanish verbs are conjugated in three persons, each having a singular and a plural form. In addition, in Spanish there is another conjugation form, usted and ustedes, which is a second person form (singular and plural respectively). Usted and ustedes follow the conjugation form of the third person pronouns.

Present Indicative

Yo vivo Yo vivo en Texas. I live in Texas.
vives Tú vives en una casa bonita. You live in a pretty house.
Usted/él/ella vive Él vive en la ciudad. He lives in the city.
Nosotros vivimos Nosotros vivimos en una granja. We live in a farm.
Vosotros vivís Vosotros vivís en España. You live in Spain.
Ustedes/ellos/ellas viven Ellas viven en California. They live in California.

Preterite Indicative

In Spanish there are two forms of the past tense: preterite and imperfect indicative. The preterite is used to describe actions that were completed in the past or happened once.

Yo viví Yo viví en Texas. I lived in Texas.
viviste Tú viviste en una casa bonita. You lived in a pretty house.
Usted/él/ella vivió Ella vivió en la ciudad. She lived in the city.
Nosotros vivimos Nosotros vivimos en una granja. We lived in a farm.
Vosotros vivisteis Vosotros vivisteis en España. You lived in Spain.
Ustedes/ellos/ellas vivieron Ellas vivieron en California. They lived in California.

Imperfect Indicative

The imperfect indicative form, or imperfecto indicativo, is used to talk about a past action or state of being without specifying when it began or ended, or repeated actions in the past. It is equivalent to "was living" or "used to live" in English.

Yo vivía Yo vivía en Texas. I used to live in Texas.
vivías Tú vivías en una casa bonita. You used to live in a pretty house.
Usted/él/ella vivía Él vivía en la ciudad. He used to live in the city.
Nosotros vivíamos Nosotros vivíamos en una granja. We used to live in a farm.
Vosotros vivíais Vosotros vivíais en España. You used to live in Spain.
Ustedes/ellos/ellas vivían Ellas vivían en California. They used to live in California.

Future Indicative

Yo viviré Yo viviré en Texas. I will live in Texas.
vivirás Tú vivirás en una casa bonita. You will live in a pretty house.
Usted/él/ella vivirá Él vivirá en la ciudad. He will live in the city.
Nosotros viviremos Nosotros viviremos en una granja. We will live in a farm.
Vosotros viviréis Vosotros viviréis en España. You will live in Spain.
Ustedes/ellos/ellas vivirán Ellas vivirán en California. They will live in California.

Periphrastic Future Indicative

Periphrastic refers to a multi-word construction. In the case of periphrastic future in Spanish, it is equivalent to the expression "I am going to" referring to a future occurrence and is commonly used in conversation. The periphrastic future is formed by a conjugated form of the verb ir (to go), followed by the article and the infinitive of the main verb.

Yo voy a vivir Yo voy a vivir en Texas. I am going to live in Texas.
vas a vivir Tú vas a vivir en una casa bonita. You are going to live in a pretty house.
Usted/él/ella va a vivir Él va a vivir en la ciudad. He is going to live in the city.
Nosotros vamos a vivir Nosotros vamos a vivir en una granja. We are going to live in a farm.
Vosotros vais a vivir Vosotros vais a vivir en España. You are going to live in Spain.
Ustedes/ellos/ellas van a vivir Ellas van a vivir en California. They are going to live in California.

Present Progressive/Gerund Form

The present progressive in Spanish is formed with the present indicative conjugation of the verb estar followed by the present participle (gerundio in Spanish).

The gerund refers to the -ing form of the verb. To form the gerund, all -ir verbs take on the ending -iendo, in this case, vivir becomes viviendo. The active verb in the sentence is the verb that conjugates or changes. The gerund stays the same no matter how the subject and verb changes. In Spanish, the gerund is used as the present participle is used in English (not as a noun).

Present Progressive of Vivir está viviendo Ella está viviendo con sus padres. She is living with her parents.

Past Participle

The past participle corresponds to the English -en or -ed form of the verb. In this case, it is created by dropping the -ir and adding -ido. The verb, vivir, becomes vivido. The verb that precedes it, in this case haber (to have) should be conjugated. 

Past Participle of Vivir ha vivido Él ha vivido en muchos países. He has lived in many countries.

Vivir Conditional Indicative Form

The conditional indicative form, or el condicional, is used to express probability, possibility, wonder or conjecture, and is usually translated in English as would, could, must have, or probably. For example, "Would you live in this house?" would translate to ¿Vivirías en esta casa?

Yo viviría Yo viviría en Texas. I would live in Texas.
vivirías Tú vivirías en una casa bonita. You would live in a pretty house.
Usted/él/ella viviría Él viviría en la ciudad. He would live in the city.
Nosotros viviríamos Nosotros viviríamos en una granja. We would live in a farm.
Vosotros viviríais Vosotros viviríais en España. You would live in Spain.
Ustedes/ellos/ellas vivirían Ellas vivirían en California. They would live in California.

Present Subjunctive

The present subjunctive, or presente subjuntivo, functions much like the present indicative in tense, except it deals with mood and is used in situations of doubt, desire, emotion and is generally subjective. Use the Spanish subjunctive when you want a subject to do something. Also, use que with the pronoun and verb. For example, "I want you to live here," would be, Yo quiero que usted viva aquí.

Que yo viva Carlos espera que yo viva en Texas. Carlos hopes that I live in Texas.
Que tú vivas Mamá espera que tú vivas en una casa bonita. Mom hopes that you live in a pretty house.
Que usted/él/ella viva Ana espera que él viva en la ciudad. Ana hopes that he live in the city.
Que nosotros vivamos Papá espera que nosotros vivamos en una granja. Dad hopes that we live in a farm.
Que vosotros viváis Juan espera que vosotros viváis en España. Juan hopes that you live in Spain.
Que ustedes/ellos/ellas vivan Laura quiere que ellas vivan en California. Laura hopes that they live in California.

Imperfect Subjunctive

The imperfect subjunctive, or imperfecto del subjuntivo, is used as a clause describing something in the past and is used in situations of doubt, desire, or emotion. Also, in some cases you can use que with the pronoun and verb. There are two possible conjugations for the imperfect subjunctive, both considered correct.

Option 1

Que yo viviera Carlos deseaba que yo viviera en Texas. Carlos wished that I live in Texas.
Que tú vivieras Mamá esperaba que tú vivieras en una casa bonita. Mom hoped that you live in a pretty house.
Que usted/él/ella viviera Ana esperaba que él viviera en la ciudad. Ana hoped that he live in the city.
Que nosotros viviéramos Papá deseaba que nosotros viviéramos en una granja. Dad wished that we live in a farm.
Que vosotros vivierais Juan esperaba que vosotros vivierais en España. Juan hoped that you live in Spain.
Que ustedes/ellos/ellas vivieran Laura quería que ellas vivieran en California. Laura wished that they live in California

Option 2

Que yo viviese Carlos esperaba que yo viviese en Texas. Carlos hoped that I live in Texas.
Que tú vivieses Mamá deseaba que tú vivieses en una casa bonita. Mom wished that you  live in a pretty house.
Que usted/él/ella viviese Ana esperaba que él viviese en la ciudad. Ana hoped that he live in the city.
Que nosotros viviésemos Papá esperaba que nosotros viviésemos en una granja. Dad hoped that we live in a farm.
Que vosotros vivieseis Juan deseaba que vosotros vivieseis en España. Juan wished that you live in Spain.
Que ustedes/ellos/ellas vivieseis Laura esperaba que ustedes viviesen en California. Laura hoped that you live in California.

Imperative

The imperative, or imperativo in Spanish, is used to give commands or orders. There is no first-person or third-person form (singular or plural), since a person gives commands to others. The imperative form also changes when the command is negative: the word no is followed by the conjugated verb.

Positive Command

Yo
vive ¡Vive en una casa bonita! Live in a pretty house!
Usted viva ¡Viva en la ciudad! Live in the city!
Nosotros vivamos ¡Vivamos en una granja! Let's live in a farm!
Vosotros vivid ¡Vivid en España! Live in Spain!
Ustedes vivan ¡Vivan en California! Live in California!

Negative Command

Yo
no vivas ¡No vivas en una casa bonita! Don't live in a pretty house!
Usted no viva ¡No viva en la ciudad! Don't live in the city!
Nosotros no vivamos ¡No vivamos en una granja! Let's not live in a farm!
Vosotros no vivais ¡No vivais en España! Don't live in Spain!
Ustedes no vivan

¡No vivan en California!

Don't live in California!