Conjunction

Grammar Glossary for Spanish Students

picture of candle and books for article on Spanish conjunctions
Unos libros y una vela. (Some books and a candle.). Photo by Emilia Garassino; licensed via Creative Commons.

Definition: One of the parts of speech, a type of word that is used to connect words or groups of words. Traditionally, conjunctions are used to connect words within a sentence. However, modern usage in Spanish and English tolerates beginning a sentence with a conjunction.

In traditional English grammar, the types of conjunctions are coordinating conjunctions (which connect two words, sentences or phrases of equal grammatical status),subordinating conjunctions (which subordinate a word or phrase to another) and correlative conjunctions (which come in pairs).

Spanish grammarians often classify conjunctions differently, referring to conjunciones aditivas (additive conjunctions such as "and" or y), conjunciones adversativas (contrastive conjunctions such as "but" or pero and "nevertheless" or sin embargo), conjunciones causales (causal conjunctions such as "because" or porque), and conjunciones temporales (temporal conjunctions such as "then" or entonces). Other classification schemes list as many as a dozen types of conjunctions. Many Spanish conjunctions are made up of more than one word that functions as a single word, such as a pesar de (usually meaning "nevertheless").

Also known as: Conjunción in Spanish

Examples: Boldface words in this sentence are conjunctions: María and Pedro ate fruits or vegetables, but they are still hungry. (María y Pedro comieron frutas o verduras, pero siguen teniendo hambre.)

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Erichsen, Gerald. "Conjunction." ThoughtCo, Mar. 2, 2017, thoughtco.com/conjunction-definition-spanish-3078151. Erichsen, Gerald. (2017, March 2). Conjunction. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/conjunction-definition-spanish-3078151 Erichsen, Gerald. "Conjunction." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/conjunction-definition-spanish-3078151 (accessed October 23, 2017).