Glossary of German Cooking Terms

German-English Baking and Cooking Vocabulary

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What's more authentic than learning to cool a German Chocolate Cake using a recipe written in German? Cooks and bakers can use this German-English glossary that focuses on terms found in recipes and food preparation. It includes terms for instructions and measures as well as ingredients. If you are exploring a German recipe, you should keep this handy to interpret ingredients and measures into English.

Kochglossar - Cooking Glossary

Key:
Noun gender: r (der, masc.), e (die, fem.), or s (das, neu.)
adj. = adjective, v. = verb

A

abkühlen v. cool off, cool down
abseihen v. strain, sieve (Aus., S. Ger.)
s Auftragen serving (up)
   vor dem Auftragen before serving
aufkochen v. bring to a boil
aufschlagen v. beat, whip
(aus)quellen lassen v. let expand, rise
ausrollen v. roll out (dough)
ausstechen v. cut/press out (with a cookie cutter)

B

s Backfett / Pflanzenfett shortening 
e Backform baking dish, tin
r Backofen (baking) oven
   im vorgeheizten Backofen in a preheated oven
s Backpulver baking powder, baking soda (s Natron)
s Backrohr oven
bei 180 Grad at 180 degrees (Celsius, 356 degrees Fahrenheit)
bestreuen v. sprinkle (on)
Blätter slices (nuts, etc.; Mandelblätter = sliced almonds)
s Blech/Backblech baking tray, pan
r Brösel / r Semmelbrösel breading, crumbs

C

r Champignon mushroom (for cooking)
s Chinin quinine
e Creme cream, mousse, sauce
e Cremetorte cream cake
cremig creamy
  etw cremig rühren / schlagen to stir/beat until creamy

D

s Dekagramm decagram, 10 grams (Austria)
direkt gepresst (Orangensaft)  fresh-squeezed (orange juice)
direkt gepresster Orangensaft  fresh-squeezed orange juice
r Direktsaft  fresh-squeezed (orange) juice

E

s Eigelb egg yolk
   drei Eigelb the yolks of three eggs
s Eiklar egg white
s Eiweiß egg white
   drei Eiweiß / Eiklar the whites of three eggs
EL = tablespoon (see below)
r Esslöffel (EL) tablespoon
   gestrichener Esslöffel level tablespoon
   gehäufter Esslöffel heaped/heaping tablespoon
r Estragon tarragon

F

e Flüßigkeit liquid, fluid
e Fritteuse deep fryer
frittieren to deep fry
e Frittüre deep fryer

G

s Gefäß vessel, bowl, container
gemahlen adj ground (up) - mahlen = to grind
gerieben adj. grated
   abgeriebene Schale einer Zitrone grated lemon peel
   geriebener Käse grated cheese
geschält adj. peeled
gestrichen level(ed)
   gestrichener Esslöffel level tablespoon
s Gewürz (-e) seasoning(s), spice(s)
   Estragon tarragon
   Knoblauch garlic
   Kümmel caraway
   Lorbeerblatt bay leaf
   Schnittlauch chives
e Gewürznelke(n)/Nelke(n) clove(s)
e Glasur glazing, icing
r Grad degree(s)
s Gramm gram
   250 Gramm Mehl 250 grams of flour
r Guss (Zuckerguss) (sugar) glazing, icing

H

e Hälfte half (of)
heiß hot
r Herd range, stove (cooking)
   Elektroherd electric stove
   Gasherd gas stove

I

r Ingwer ginger (spice)

K

kalt cold
r Kardamom cardamom, cardamon (a type of ginger spice)
kneten v. knead (dough)
kochen v. boil, cook
s Kochbuch cook book
r Kochlöffel wooden spoon
r Koriander coriander, cilantro, Chinese parsley (seasoning)
e Kuvertüre (chocolate) covering, icing

L

s Lachsmesser (smoked) salmon knife
e Lachsmousse salmon mousse
lieblich moderately sweet (wine)
r Löffel spoon
r Lorbeer bay leaf (seasoning)  

M

die Mandel (Mandeln) almond(s)
   Mandelblätter sliced almonds
mahlen v.

grind
   fein / grob mahlen grind finely / coarsely
   gemahlen (adj) ground
e Masse mixture
s Mehl flour
e Messerspitze (Msp.) knife tip, a pinch of...
Msp. knife tip, a pinch of...
r Muskat nutmeg

N

s Natron baking soda, bicarbonate of soda
e Nelke(n) / Gewürznelke(n) clove(s)

O

e Oblate (-n) wafer
s Öl (-e) oil (s Olivenöl = olive oil)
s Orangeat (-e) candied orange peel

P

Palmin Soft™ (brand name) a Crisco-like shortening
e Panade coating of breadcrumbs (for frying)
panieren to bread (for frying)
  paniert breaded
s Paniermehl breading, bread crumbs
s Pektin pectin
s Pflanzenfett / Backfett shortening
s Pfund pound (metric: 500 g, 1.1 U.S. pounds)
   zwei Pfund Kartoffeln two pounds (1kg) of potatoes
e Prise dash (approx. 1 gram)
   eine Prise Salz a dash of salt
r Puderzucker powdered sugar

R

rühren v. stir, mix
s Rührgerät mixer, mixing machine

S

r Saft juice
e Schale peel (orange, lemon)
r Schnee meringue (e Meringe)
r Schneebesen whisk
   verquirlen v. to whisk, beat
seihen v. to strain, sieve (Austria, S. Ger.)
r Seiher sieve, strainer, colander (Austria, S. Ger.)
Semmelbrösel (pl.) breading, crumbs (Austria, S. Ger.)
s Sieb sieve, sifter, strainer, colander
   durch ein Sieb streichen strain, sift, press through a sieve
sieben to sift, strain
e Speisestärke cornstarch, cornflour, thickening agent
s Stärkemehl cornstarch, cornflour
r Stärkezucker glucose
streichen v. press, rub; spread (butter, etc.)

T

r Teelöffel teaspoon
   gestrichener Teelöffel level teaspoon
   gehäufter Teelöffel heaped/heaping teaspoon
r Teig dough, mixture
   der Germteig yeast dough (Austria)
   der Hefeteig yeast dough
   den Teig gehen lassen let the dough rise
e Terrine terrine, soup tureen
TL = teaspoon (see above)

U

überbacken au gratin ("baked over")
unbehandelt natural, organic
  eine unbehandelte Limette a natural lime (untreated with pesticides, etc.)
unterheben to fold in (ingredients)
unter Zugabe von... while adding...

V

e Vanillestange vanilla pod
r Vanillezucker vanilla-flavored sugar
verfeinern v. refine
verquirlen v. to whisk, beat until foamy
vorgeheizt preheated
   im vorgeheizten Backofen in a preheated oven

W

s Wasserbad double boiler
   im Wasserbad in a double boiler
wiegen, abwiegen v. weigh
würzen v. season, add seasoning/spices

Z

ziehen v. steep, simmer, marinade
s Ziehfett/Pflanzenfett shortening (Crisco = Palmin Soft)
r Zimt cinnamon
e Zitrone (-n) lemon(s)
s Zitronat (-e) candied lemon peel, citron
e Zubereitung preparation (directions)
zusetzen v. add (to)
e Zutat (Zutaten) ingredient(s)