Languages › English as a Second Language Countries, Nationalities and Languages in English Share Flipboard Email Print Jill L Wainright/EyeEm/Getty Images English as a Second Language Pronunciation & Conversation Vocabulary Writing Skills Reading Comprehension Grammar Business English Resources for Teachers By Kenneth Beare English as a Second Language (ESL) Expert TESOL Diploma, Trinity College London M.A., Music Performance, Cologne University of Music B.A., Vocal Performance, Eastman School of Music Kenneth Beare is an English as a Second Language (ESL) teacher and course developer with over three decades of teaching experience. our editorial process Kenneth Beare Updated January 02, 2020 Sometimes people say, "She speaks France." or "I am from French." This is an easy mistake to make as countries, nationalities, and languages are very similar. The chart below shows the Country, Language, and Nationality of many major countries from around the world. You will also find sound files to help with the correct pronunciation. Countries and Languages are both nouns. Example: Countries Tom lives in England.Mary traveled to Japan last year.I'd love to visit Turkey. Example: Languages English is spoken around the world.Mark speaks fluent Russian.I wonder if she speaks Portuguese. Important Note: All countries and languages are always capitalized in English. Nationalities are adjectives used to describe where a person, type of food, etc. is from. Example - Nationalities He drives a German car.We went to our favorite Japanese restaurant last week.The Swedish prime minister is coming next week. Click on the link below to hear the correct pronunciation of each group of nationalities. Each group of words is repeated twice. Important Notes All country names are unique. They are not similar to language or nationality names.Language and nationality names are often, but not always similar. For example French, the language, and French, the nationality are the same in the case of France. However, English - the language, and American - the nationality is not the same in the case of The United States.All countries, languages, and nationalities are always capitalized in English. This is because the country, language and nationality names are proper names of countries, languages, and nationalities. Pronunciation Files for the Chart It's important to learn the correct pronunciation of countries, languages, and nationalities. People need to know where you are from! For help with pronunciation, click on the links below for different groupings of countries, nationalities, and languages. Pronunciation Chart Pronunciation File Country Language Nationality One syllable France French French Greece Greek Greek ends in '-ish' Britain English British Denmark Danish Danish Finland Finnish Finnish Poland Polish Polish Spain Spanish Spanish Sweden Swedish Swedish Turkey Turkish Turkish ends in '-an' Germany German German Mexico Spanish Mexican The United States English American ends in '-ian' or '-ean' Australia English Australian Brazil Portuguese Brazilian Egypt Arabic Egyptian Italy Italian Italian Hungary Hungarian Hungarian Korea Korean Korean Russia Russian Russian ends in '-ese' China Chinese Chinese Japan Japanese Japanese Portugal Portuguese Portuguese Common Mistakes People speak Dutch but live in Holland or BelgiumPeople live in Austria but speak German. A book written in Vienna is Austrian but written in German.People live in Egypt but speak Arabic.People in Rio have Brazilian customs but speak Portuguese.People in Quebec are Canadian, but they speak French. Capitalization Rules Gender-Inclusive Language for English Learners English Reading Comprehension Story: 'My Friend Peter' Common Mistakes in English 10 Common Errors In Italian Usage: Italian Grammar Mistakes Intonation and Stress in English Common Writing Mistakes English Pronunciation Practice Knowing How and When to Correct Students in Class American Accent Training by Ann Cook Gender in English: He, She or It? Learn the Seven Types of English Nouns Essential Basic English Lessons How to Improve Your Pronunciation How to Teach Pronunciation What Is Collocation?