Languages › English as a Second Language Countries, Nationalities and Languages in English Share Flipboard Email Print International Flags. Jill L Wainright/EyeEm/Getty Images English as a Second Language Pronunciation & Conversation Vocabulary Writing Skills Reading Comprehension Grammar Business English Resources for Teachers by Kenneth Beare Kenneth Beare has taught English and English as a second language teacher since 1983. Updated January 27, 2019 Sometimes people say, "She speaks France." or "I am from French." This is an easy mistake to make as countries, nationalities, and languages are very similar. The chart below shows the Country, Language and Nationality of many major countries from around the world. You will also find sound files to help with correct pronunciation. Countries and Languages are both nouns. Example - Countries Tom lives in England.Mary travelled to Japan last year.I'd love to visit Turkey. Example - Languages English is spoken around the world.Mark speaks fluent Russian.I wonder if she speaks Portuguese. Important Note: All countries and languages are always capitalized in English. Nationalities are adjectives used to describe where a person, type of food, etc. is from. Example - Nationalities He drives a German car.We went to our favorite Japanese restaurant last week.The Swedish prime minister is coming next week. Click on the link below to hear the correct pronunciation of each group of nationalities. Each group of words are repeated twice. Important Note: Unlike other adjectives, all nationalities used as adjectives are capitalized in English. Important Notes All country names are unique. They are not similar to language or nationality names.Language and nationality names are often, but not always similar. For example: French - the language, and French the nationality are the same in the case of France.. However, English - the language, and American - the nationality are not the same in the case of The United States.All countries, languages and nationalities are always capitalized in English. This is because country, language and nationality names are proper names of countries, languages and nationalities. Pronunciation Files for the Chart It's important to learn the correct pronunciation of countries, languages and nationalities. People need to know where you are from! For help with pronunciation, click on the links below for different groupings of countries, nationalities and languages. One SyllableEnds in 'ish'Ends in 'ish'Ends in 'ian' or 'ean' Pronunciation Chart Pronunciation File Country Language Nationality One syllable France French French Greece Greek Greek ends in '-ish' Britain English British Denmark Danish Danish Finland Finnish Finnish Poland Polish Polish Spain Spanish Spanish Sweden Swedish Swedish Turkey Turkish Turkish ends in '-an' Germany German German Mexico Spanish Mexican The United States English American ends in '-ian' or '-ean' Australia English Australian Brazil Portuguese Brazilian Egypt Arabic Egyptian Italy Italian Italian Hungary Hungarian Hungarian Korea Korean Korean Russia Russian Russian ends in '-ese' China Chinese Chinese Japan Japanese Japanese Portugal Portuguese Portuguese Common Mistakes People speak Dutch, but live in Holland or BelgiumPeople live in Austria, but speak German. A book written in Vienna is Austrian, but written in German.People live in Egypt, but speak Arabic.People in Rio have Brazilian customs, but speak Portuguese.People in Quebec are Canadian, but they speak French. Continue Reading Learn When to Capitalize and Use Uppercase Letters in English Essential Lessons for Beginning English Learners An Italian Would Never Say That: 10 Common Errors In Italian Usage Pronunciation Practice for Stress and Intonation How to Switch Between the Present Perfect and Past Simple What to Focus on When Teaching Pronunciation by Level Identify content or function words to help with pronunciation in English Improve Your Conversational English with these Strategies Sentence Connectors and Linking Language in Written English Join in Food Conversation With Ease for English Students The Difference Between 'Of' and 'From' Find Out How to Use Computer Assisted Language Learning (CALL) 7 Engaging Dialogue Activities for ESL Classes Important Phrases for English Telephone Conversations How and When Should You Correct Students in the Classroom? ESL Lesson Plan: Why Are You Learning English?