Countries of Europe by Area

St Peters Square, Vatican, Rome, Italy
Buena Vista Images/ The Image Bank/ Getty Images

The continent of Europe varies in latitude from places such as Greece, which is in the range of about 35 degrees north to 39 degrees north latitude, to Iceland, which ranges from around 64 degrees north to more than 66 degrees north. Because of the difference in latitudes, Europe has varying climates and topography. Regardless, it has been inhabited for about 2 million years. It consists of only about 1/15th of the world's land, but the contiguous continent has about 24,000 square miles (38,000 sq km) of coastline.

Stats

Europe is made up of 46 countries that range in size from some of the largest in the world (Russia) to some of the smallest (Vatican City, Monaco). The population of Europe is about 742 million (United Nations 2017 Population Division figure), and for a land mass of about 3.9 million square miles (10.1 sq km), it has a density of 187.7 people per square mile.

By Area, Largest to Smallest

The following is a list of the countries of Europe arranged by area. Various sources may differ in size of a country's area due to rounding, whether the original figure is in kilometers or miles, and whether the sources include overseas territories. Figures here come from the CIA World Factbook, which presents figures in square kilometers; they have been converted and rounded to the nearest number.

  1. Russia: 6,601,668 square miles (17,098,242 sq km)
  2. Turkey: 302,535 square miles (783,562 sq km)
  3. Ukraine: 233,032 square miles (603,550 sq km)
  4. France: 212,935 square miles (551,500 sq km);  248,457 square miles (643,501 square km) including overseas regions
  5. Spain: 195,124 square miles (505,370 sq km)
  6. Sweden: 173,860 square miles (450,295 sq km)
  7. Germany: 137,847 square miles (357,022 sq km)
  8. Finland: 130,559 square miles (338,145 sq km)
  9. Norway: 125,021 square miles (323,802 sq km)
  10. Poland: 120,728 square miles (312,685 sq km)
  11. Italy: 116,305 square miles (301,340 sq km)
  12. United Kingdom: 94,058 square miles (243,610 sq km), includes Rockall and Shetland Islands
  13. Romania: 92,043 square miles (238,391 sq km)
  14. Belarus: 80,155 square miles (207,600 sq km)
  15. Greece: 50,949 square miles (131,957 sq km)
  16. Bulgaria: 42,811 square miles (110,879 sq km)
  17. Iceland: 39,768 square miles (103,000 sq km)
  18. Hungary: 35,918 square miles (93,028 sq km)
  19. Portugal: 35,556 square miles (92,090 sq km)
  20. Austria: 32,382 square miles (83,871 sq km)
  1. Czech Republic: 30,451 square miles (78,867 sq km)
  2. Serbia: 29,913 square miles (77,474 sq km)
  3. Ireland: 27,133 square miles (70,273 sq km)
  4. Lithuania: 25,212 square miles (65,300 sq km)
  5. Latvia: 24,937 square miles (64,589 sq km)
  6. Croatia: 21,851 square miles (56,594 sq km)
  7. Bosnia and Herzegovina: 19,767 square miles (51,197 sq km)
  8. Slovakia: 18,932 square miles (49,035 sq km)
  9. Estonia: 17,462 square miles (45,228 sq km)
  10. Denmark: 16,638 square miles (43,094 sq km)
  11. Netherlands: 16,040 square miles (41,543 sq km)
  12. Switzerland: 15,937 square miles (41,277 sq km)
  13. Moldova: 13,070 square miles (33,851 sq km)
  14. Belgium: 11,786 square miles (30,528 sq km)
  15. Albania: 11,099 square miles (28,748 sq km)
  16. Macedonia: 9,928 square miles (25,713 sq km)
  17. Slovenia: 7,827 square miles (20,273 sq km)
  18. Montenegro: 5,333 sq miles (13,812 sq km)
  19. Cyprus: 3,571 square miles (9,251 sq km)
  20. Luxembourg: 998 square miles (2,586 sq km)
  21. Andorra: 181 square miles (468 sq km)
  22. Malta: 122 square miles (316 sq km)
  23. Liechtenstein: 62 square miles (160 sq km)
  1. San Marino: 23 square miles (61 sq km)
  2. Monaco: 0.77 square miles (2 sq km)
  3. Vatican City: 0.17 square miles (0.44 sq km)