A Guide to Conjugating the French Verb 'Couper' (to Cut)

Simple Conjugations for 'Couper'

He's adding a little color to his meal
PeopleImages / Getty Images

The French verb couper means "to cut," and it is a regular -er verb. Good news: That conjugation pattern is easy to learn and memorize.

How to Conjugate Couper

You start conjugation by determining the stem of the verb. With regular -er verbs like couper, the stem is constant: Remove the -er from the infinitive, leaving coup-. Then, based on the subject pronoun and the tense you're using, you add the appropriate ending.

The following tables show all the simple conjugations for couper.

 PresentFutureImperfectPresent participle
jecoupecouperaicoupaiscoupant
tucoupescouperascoupais
ilcoupecouperacoupait
nouscouponscouperonscoupions
vouscoupezcouperezcoupiez
ilscoupentcouperontcoupaient
 
 SubjunctiveConditionalPassé simpleImperfect subjunctive
jecoupecouperaiscoupaicoupasse
tucoupescouperaiscoupascoupasses
ilcoupecouperaitcoupacoupât
nouscoupionscouperionscoupâmescoupassions
vouscoupiezcouperiezcoupâtescoupassiez
ilscoupentcouperaientcoupèrentcoupassent
 
 Imperative
(tu)coupe
(nous)coupons
(vous)coupez

How to Use Couper in the Past Tense

The most common way to render a verb in the past tense is to use the compound tense passé composé. Couper requires the auxiliary verb avoir, and the past participle is coupé. However, when using the reflexive se couper, the auxiliary verb is être.

For example:
Je lui ai coupé les cheveux.
I cut his hair.

Elle s'est coupé les cheveux.
She cut her hair.

Format
mla apa chicago
Your Citation
ThoughtCo. "A Guide to Conjugating the French Verb 'Couper' (to Cut)." ThoughtCo, Feb. 26, 2018, thoughtco.com/couper-to-cut-1370027. ThoughtCo. (2018, February 26). A Guide to Conjugating the French Verb 'Couper' (to Cut). Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/couper-to-cut-1370027 ThoughtCo. "A Guide to Conjugating the French Verb 'Couper' (to Cut)." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/couper-to-cut-1370027 (accessed May 24, 2018).