Crystal Field Splitting Definition

Crystal field splitting
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Definition: Crystal field splitting is the difference in energy between d orbitals of ligands.

Crystal field splitting number is denoted by the capital Greek letter Δ.

Crystal field splitting explains the difference in color between two similar metal-ligand complexes.

Δ tends to increase with oxidation number and increases down a group on the periodic table.

Also Known As: ligand field splitting

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Helmenstine, Anne Marie, Ph.D. "Crystal Field Splitting Definition." ThoughtCo, Jul. 10, 2017, thoughtco.com/crystal-field-splitting-definition-608736. Helmenstine, Anne Marie, Ph.D. (2017, July 10). Crystal Field Splitting Definition. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/crystal-field-splitting-definition-608736 Helmenstine, Anne Marie, Ph.D. "Crystal Field Splitting Definition." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/crystal-field-splitting-definition-608736 (accessed May 22, 2018).