Dachau Pictures

Photos of the Holocaust

The gate at Dachau

 

Sergio Mendoza Hochmann / Getty Images 

The Dachau Concentration Camp was one of the first camps established by the Nazis in 1933. At first, the camp only housed political prisoners, but later Jews, Gypsies, Jehovah's Witnesses, homosexuals and others were sent to Dachau. Although Dachau was not an extermination camp, tens of thousands of people died from malnutrition, illness, overwork, and torture. Others were subjects of medical experiments and suffered horribly.

Views of the Dachau Concentration Camp

Germany, Dachau Concentration Camp, entry gate (grainy, B&W)
Germany, Dachau Concentration Camp, entry gate. Robert Holmgren/ The Image Bank/ Getty Images
  • View of a section of the camp
  • Prisoners' barracks
  • A section of the camp
  • A watch tower
  • Survivors and U.S. troops at the entrance to camp
  • A chart of prisoner markings used in German concentration camps

While Dachau Was in Operation

Prisoners working on a rifle production line in the SS-owned munitions factory at Dachau.
Prisoners working on a rifle production line in the SS-owned munitions factory at Dachau. (1943-1944). Picture from KZ Gedenkstatte Dachau, courtesy of USHMM Photo Archives.
  • Prisoners with their mess kits on their way to the camp kitchen
  • Inmates gathered outside and on the roof tops of a camp building to hear a speech by Hitler
  • Prisoners caring for the camp's Angora rabbits
  • The corpse of Abraham Borenstein lies in the foreground after his execution by the SS
  • Prisoners working in a munitions factory
  • A prisoner forced to stand without moving for hours as a punishment
  • Prisoners outside of the "Revier", the camp's infirmary

Experiments at Dachau

A prisoner who has been subjected to low pressure experimentation at Dachau.
A prisoner who has been subjected to low pressure experimentation. For the benefit of the Luftwaffe, air pressures experiments attempted to determine how high German pilots could fly and survive. (March - August 1942). Picture from the KZ Gedenkstatte Dachau, courtesy of USHMM Photo Archives.
  • A prisoner in a special chamber responds to changing air pressure during high-altitude experiments
  • A prisoner who has been subjected to low pressure experimentation
  • This prisoner has been subjected to low pressure experimentation
  • Dr. Klaus Karl Schilling, a physician at the Dachau concentration camp, defends himself in the docket at the Dachau trial

Himmler's Visit to Dachau

Heinrich Himmler and other SS officials view a large-scale model of Dachau.
Reichsfuehrer SS Heinrich Himmler, Dutch Nazi leader Anton Mussert, and other SS officials view a large-scale model of the camp during an official tour of Dachau. (January 20, 1941). Picture from the Rijksinstituut voor Oorlogsdocumentatie, courtesy of USHMM Photo Archives.
  • Heinrich Himmler and other Nazi dignitaries in Dachau with Anton Mussert
  • Reichsfuehrer SS Heinrich Himmler, Dutch Nazi leader Anton Mussert, and other SS officials view a large-scale model of the camp

Gas Chambers & Crematorium

Two ovens inside the crematorium at the Dachau concentration camp. (July 1, 1945)
Two ovens inside the crematorium at the Dachau concentration camp. (July 1, 1945). Picture from the National Archives, courtesy of USHMM Photo Archives.
  • The new crematorium in Dachau
  • Two ovens inside the crematorium
  • A soldier from the U.S. 7th Army examines the door to a gas chamber
  • American soldiers in front of the crematorium in Dachau. The corpses on the left are of SS personnel
  • A survivor stokes smoldering human remains in a crematorium oven

Death Marches

A column of prisoners, being evacuated from the Dachau concentration camp, walk in a death march.
A column of prisoners, being evacuated from the Dachau concentration camp, walk along Noerdlichen Muenchner Strasse in Gruenwald on a forced march to an unknown destination. Picture from the Marion Koch Collection, courtesy of USHMM Photo Archives.
  • A view of a death march from Dachau
  • A column of prisoners being evacuated
  • A view of the death march
  • A view of the death march
  • A view of a death march from Dachau
  • View of concentration camp prisoners marching through a village while on a death march

Survivors Welcoming Liberators

Survivors cheer the arrival of American liberators of Dachau.
Survivors cheer the arrival of American liberators. The youth standing to the left is Juda Kukieda, the son of Mordcha Mendel and Ruchla Sta. (April 29, 1945). Picture from the National Archives, courtesy of USHMM Photo Archives.
  • Survivors cheer the arrival of American liberators
  • Young and old survivors cheer approaching U.S. troops
  • Polish prisoners toast their liberation from the camp
  • American soldiers examine disinfected prisoner uniforms

Survivors of Dachau

Survivors in a crowded Dachau barrack after liberation. (April 29 - May 15, 1945)
Survivors in a crowded Dachau barrack after liberation. (April 29 - May 15, 1945). Picture from the Francis Robert Arzt Collection, courtesy of USHMM Photo Archives.
  • An American soldier stands guard outside while survivors bathe in the moat
  • A liberated Russian prisoner is deloused
  • Survivors distribute bread to their comrades after liberation
  • Survivors in a crowded barrack after liberation
  • Survivors sit on the steps of a barracks after liberation
  • Survivors in a barracks, behind barbed-wire
  • A survivor on the day of liberation
  • Emaciated survivors sitting on a bench
  • Two survivors prepare food outside the barracks. The man on the right, presumably, is the only black prisoner in Dachau

Survivors in the Hospital

Survivors from Dachau praying in the camp infirmary after liberation (April 29 - May 1945)
Survivors from Dachau praying in the camp infirmary after liberation (April 29 - May 1945). Picture from the Francis Robert Arzt Collection, courtesy of USHMM Photo Archives.
  • American medical personnel at work in a typhus ward in a hospital for survivors
  • Survivors praying in the camp infirmary after liberation
  • American medical personnel administer Typhus tests to survivors in a hospital

Camp Guards Killed

SS guards lie at the base of a guard tower, where they were shot by American troops at Dachau.
SS guards lie at the base of a guard tower, where they were shot by American troops. (April 29 - May 1, 1945). Picture from the National Archives, courtesy of USHMM Photo Archives.
  • SS guards lie at the base of a guard tower, where they were shot by American troops
  • American soldiers in front of the crematorium in Dachau. The corpses on the left are of SS personnel
  • U.S. Army soldiers execute camp guards following liberation

The Dead

Railway cars loaded with the corpses of prisoners who died on route to Dachau from other camps.
Railway cars loaded with the corpses of prisoners who died on route to Dachau from other concentration camps. (April 30, 1945). Picture from the National Archives, courtesy of USHMM Photo Archives.
  • U.S. troops watch a passing cart laden with corpses intended for burial
  • Railway cars loaded with the corpses of prisoners who died in route
  • Death train in Dachau
  • Congressman John M. Vorys(right) viewing a room full of corpses while on an inspection
  • Group of American editors and publishers are shown the corpses of prisoners
  • American force boys believed to be Hitler youth to examine boxcars containing bodies of prisoners starved to death