Languages › German Learn How to Say the Days of the Week in German Share Flipboard Email Print WIN-Initiative/Getty Images German Vocabulary History & Culture Pronunciation & Conversation Grammar By Hyde Flippo German Expert Hyde Flippo taught the German language for 28 years at high school and college levels and published several books on the German language and culture. our editorial process Hyde Flippo Updated February 21, 2020 The names for the seven days of the week originally came from the Babylonians (Babylonier) who named them for the sun, the moon and the five planetary gods. (Other cultures have had between five and ten days in a week.) Most of the western Romance languages adopted these terms via Greek and Latin. But the Germanic languages (German and English among them) took on the Teutonic forms. For instance, the Babylonian Marduk, the god of war, was Ares in Greek and Mars in Latin. To the Germanic tribes the god of war was Ziu. So Latin dies marti (Tuesday, "Mars Day") became "mardi" in French, "martes" in Spanish, but ziostag in Old High German, or Dienstag in modern German. English adipted Saturn-Day (Saturday), but German used Germanic forms for the days. Below are the seven days of the week in their Latin, Germanic and English forms. By the way, the European week begins on Monday, not Sunday, as in North America. (Also see our Date and Time Glossary, which includes the calendar.) Tage der Woche LATEIN DEUTSCH ENGLISCH dies lunae Montag (Mond-Tag) Monday moon day (lunar) dies marti (Mars) Dienstag (Zies-Tag) Tuesday dies mercuri Mittwoch (mid-week) Wednesday (Wodan's day) dies iovis (Jupiter/Jove) Donnerstag (thunder-day) Thursday (Thor's day) dies veneris (Venus) Freitag (Freya-Tag) Friday (Freya's day) dies saturni Samstag/Sonnabend ("Sunday eve" is used for Saturday in No. Germany) Saturday (Saturn day) dies solis Sonntag (Sonne-Tag) Sunday sun day (solar) Cite this Article Format mla apa chicago Your Citation Flippo, Hyde. "Learn How to Say the Days of the Week in German." ThoughtCo, Aug. 26, 2020, thoughtco.com/days-of-the-week-in-german-4090247. Flippo, Hyde. (2020, August 26). Learn How to Say the Days of the Week in German. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/days-of-the-week-in-german-4090247 Flippo, Hyde. "Learn How to Say the Days of the Week in German." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/days-of-the-week-in-german-4090247 (accessed June 24, 2021). copy citation Learn the Months, Seasons, Days, and Dates in German Date and Time Vocabulary in German Which Countries Speak German? These Prepositions Take the Genitive Case in German German for Beginners: Study Tips Where Does the Word 'German' Come From? 5 Ways the German Language Is Special Reading Shakespeare in German Learn the German Lyrics to '99 Luftballons' Traditional Holiday Terms in German A List of English to German Translations of the Countries of the World Denglish: When Languages Collide How to Apologize and Say "I'm Sorry" in German Difference Between Samstag, Sonnabend, and Sonntag Master the German Language Exam: Level B1 CEFR What Is the Longest German Word?