DDG-1000 Zumwalt Class Destroyer

DDG 1000 Destroyer
DDG 1000 Destroyer. Photo courtesy US Navy

General

The DDG-1000 Zumwalt class destroyers are being built by General Dynamics at their Bath Iron Works facility in Bath, Maine. Three of these high-tech destroyers are being built. The first of these guided missile destroyers is to be put in service in 2014. The Zumwalt class is named after Admiral Elmo Zumwalt, the architect of the modern US Navy. The first DDG-1000 will be named after Admiral Zumwalt, the second is to be named the Michael Monsoor and the third has not been named.

Capabilities

Ships are designed to have a low profile when scanned by radar. The integrated power system including advanced induction motor (AIM) reduces power consumption while increasing reliability. For the first time the turbines will generate power for all the ship needs including propulsion, combat systems and general ship operation. The power system is distributed throughout the ship and has the ability to reconfigure itself when damaged to enable continued ship operation (called Integrated Fight Through Power or IFTP). Advanced damage control system includes cameras, sensors and automated firefighting systems to quickly deal with any damage and improves ship and crew survivability.

The total ship computing environment (TCE) allows for a drastic reduction in manpower needed. The computing environment uses an Open Architecture design to reduce the amount of new software that needs to be written and seeks to automate operation for reduced manning.

TCE contains over 9 million lines of code.

The DDG 1000 is powered by two gas turbine engines and one small auxiliary engine producing a total of 78 megawatts. The power systems are designed to power the entire ship but also future directed energy beam weapons and the electromagnetic railgun.

SPY-3 multi-function radar, volume search radar (MFR), acoustic sensors, EO/IR system and Naval surface fire support weapon control system.

The radar system combines S and X band radar in one integrated system. The radar systems can scan underwater, air, surface and land while reducing interference. Underwater sonar system includes mine avoidance capability as well as submarine and torpedo defense. Low topside reduces radar signature 50 times when compared against current destroyers.

Wave piercing bow is a tumblehome or inward sloping design. This design reduces radar signature while making for efficient operation for speed, maneuverability and stability. The wave piercing hull is built by Northrop Grumman.

Raytheon is the integrator for the mission electronic and combat systems and sensors. Huntington-Ingalls is building the ships composite superstructure in Mississippi. BAE builds the Advanced Gun System and Mark 57 vertical launch system.

The integrated deckhouse and apertures is made of composite materials and contains radar and communications capabilities eliminating masts, rotating antennas and other protrusions. Raytheon and KaZaK Composites developed a composite ballistic screen under the SBIR program.

Weapons On Board

  • 2 155 Advanced Gun System carrying 920 long range land attack shells. These shells can travel 100 miles. The Advanced Gun System is automated and carries 600 rounds when fully loaded. The gun can fire 10 shells per minute and place a shell within 20-30 meters of the intended target. The ammunition handling systems contains 38 pallets with 8 230-pound projectiles each. The ammunition magazine is 45 feet long and 30 feet wide, stands two stories tall and weighs 160 tons.
  • 80 peripheral vertical launch system PVLS cells are located around the outside of the ship. Each PVLS cell provides defense for a MK57 VLS. This protection design improves survivability and isolates crew and equipment from the weapons.
  • MK57 Vertical Launching System (VLS)
  • Evolved Sea Sparrow missile
  • Tomahawk missile system
  • Two 57mm Close In Guns (CIGS)
  • Carries 2 SH-60 LAMPS helicopters or 1 MH-60R helicopter
  • Three RQ-8A Fire Scout VTUAV
  • 2 seven meter rigid hull inflatable boats (RHIBs) (could carry 2 11 meter RHIBs).

Specifications

  • Length = 600 feet
  • Beam = 80.7 feet
  • Draft = 27+ feet
  • Displacement = 15, 482 tons
  • Power generation 78 megawatts
  • Crew size = 148 crew (traditional destroyer carries a crew of 350)
  • Maximum speed = 30 knots
  • Range is 4500 to 6000 nautical miles
  • Approximate cost = $1.4 billion each but the first one is costing $3 billion

     

    The first destroyer is currently (2015) undergoing sea trials.

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    Your Citation
    Bame, Michael. "DDG-1000 Zumwalt Class Destroyer." ThoughtCo, Aug. 6, 2016, thoughtco.com/ddg-1000-zumwalt-class-destroyer-1052113. Bame, Michael. (2016, August 6). DDG-1000 Zumwalt Class Destroyer. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/ddg-1000-zumwalt-class-destroyer-1052113 Bame, Michael. "DDG-1000 Zumwalt Class Destroyer." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/ddg-1000-zumwalt-class-destroyer-1052113 (accessed November 23, 2017).