Amide Definition and Examples in Chemistry

What Is an Amide?

This is the general chemical structure of an amide.
This is the general chemical structure of an amide. Todd Helmenstine

An amide is a functional group containing a carbonyl group linked to a nitrogen atom or any compound containing the amide functional group. Amides are derived from carboxylic acid and an amine. Amide is also the name for the inorganic anion NH2. It is the conjugate base of ammonia (NH3).

Examples of Amides

Examples of amides include carboxamides, sulfonamides, and phosphoramides. Nylon is a polyamide.

Several drugs are amides, including LCD, penicillin, and paracetamol.

Uses of Amides

Amides may be used to form resilient structural materials (e.g., nylon, Kevlar). Dimethylformamide is an important organic solvent. Plants produce amides for a variety of functions. Amides are found in many drugs.

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Helmenstine, Anne Marie, Ph.D. "Amide Definition and Examples in Chemistry." ThoughtCo, Sep. 10, 2017, thoughtco.com/definition-of-amide-604772. Helmenstine, Anne Marie, Ph.D. (2017, September 10). Amide Definition and Examples in Chemistry. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/definition-of-amide-604772 Helmenstine, Anne Marie, Ph.D. "Amide Definition and Examples in Chemistry." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/definition-of-amide-604772 (accessed January 19, 2018).