Catenation Definition and Examples

chemical structure of benzene.
Benzene is formed by the catenation of carbon atoms chained to each other by covalent bonds to form a simple ring. Todd Helmenstine

Catenation Definition: Catenation is the binding of an element to itself through covalent bonds to form chain or ring molecules.

Examples: Carbon is the most common element that exhibits catenation. It can form long hydrocarbon chains and rings like benzene.