Functional Groups Definition

Chemistry Glossary Definition of Functional Groups

Benzyl acetate
Benzyl acetate. Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain

Functional Groups Definition:

A functional group is a specific group of atoms within a molecule that is responsible for characteristic chemical reactions of that molecule.

Functional Groups Are Also Known As:

Functional Moiety

Examples:

alcohol -OH, aldehyde -COH
 

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Helmenstine, Anne Marie, Ph.D. "Functional Groups Definition." ThoughtCo, Feb. 8, 2017, thoughtco.com/definition-of-functional-groups-604473. Helmenstine, Anne Marie, Ph.D. (2017, February 8). Functional Groups Definition. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/definition-of-functional-groups-604473 Helmenstine, Anne Marie, Ph.D. "Functional Groups Definition." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/definition-of-functional-groups-604473 (accessed May 23, 2018).