Hybrid Orbital Definition in Chemistry

sp3 hybrid orbital diagram
Four sp3 orbitals form this hybrid orbital.

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A hybrid orbital is an orbital formed by the combination of two or more atomic orbitals. The resulting orbital has a different shape and energy than the component orbitals that form it. Hybridization is used to model molecular geometry and to explain atomic bonding.


The orbitals that form around berylium in BeF2 are a combination of s and p orbitals called sp hybrid orbitals.


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Helmenstine, Anne Marie, Ph.D. "Hybrid Orbital Definition in Chemistry." ThoughtCo, Aug. 29, 2020, thoughtco.com/definition-of-hybrid-orbital-605218. Helmenstine, Anne Marie, Ph.D. (2020, August 29). Hybrid Orbital Definition in Chemistry. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/definition-of-hybrid-orbital-605218 Helmenstine, Anne Marie, Ph.D. "Hybrid Orbital Definition in Chemistry." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/definition-of-hybrid-orbital-605218 (accessed June 6, 2023).