Mineral Acid Definition and List

Including the Acids Most Commonly Used in a Lab Setting

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A mineral acid or inorganic acid is any acid derived from an inorganic compound that dissociates to produce hydrogen ions (H+) in water. Mineral acids are highly soluble in water but tend to be insoluble in organic solvents. The inorganic acids are corrosive.

Mineral Acids

The mineral acids include the bench acids -- hydrochloric acid, sulfuric acid, and nitric acid -- so-called because they are the acids most commonly used in a laboratory setting. A list of the mineral acids includes: