Sarcophagus

Mummy and Sarcophagus
Sarcophagus and Mummy. Patrick Landmann/Cairo Museum/Getty Images

Definition:

Sarcophagus refers to the carved, generally stone case in which the linen-wrapped mummy was placed. The gilded sarcophagus of King Tut with painted face depicting the boy king is probably the best known of the Egyptian sarcophagi.

Sarcophagus can be used to refer to a coffin -- especially one of stone.

The plural of sarcophagus is usually sarcophagi, although it is sometimes written as sarcophaguses.

Sarcophagus comes from the Greek for flesh-eater.

Featured Thursday's Term to Learn.

Pronunciation: särkof'ugus• (n)

Also Known As: Mummy Case

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Glossary, N.S. Gill's Ancient/Classical History. "Sarcophagus." ThoughtCo, Feb. 8, 2017, thoughtco.com/definition-of-sarcophagus-121125. Glossary, N.S. Gill's Ancient/Classical History. (2017, February 8). Sarcophagus. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/definition-of-sarcophagus-121125 Glossary, N.S. Gill's Ancient/Classical History. "Sarcophagus." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/definition-of-sarcophagus-121125 (accessed January 23, 2018).