How to Conjugate "Dépenser" (to Spend)

A Simple French Verb Conjugation That Won't "Spend" Too Much of Your Time

In French, the verb dépenser means "to spend." As with all verbs, when you want to place it into the past tense "spent" or the future tense "will spend," a conjugation is required. This one's relatively straightforward and a quick lesson will walk you through the various verb forms.

Conjugating the French Verb Dépenser

Dépenser is a regular -ER verb and it follows a standard conjugation pattern in the verb endings. This means that once you learn how this word changes, you can apply the knowledge to similar verbs like débarquer (to land) and débarrasser (to clear), among many others.

When conjugating the verb, you will attach a new ending to the verb stem dépens- for each subject pronoun as well as each tense. For instance, "I spend" is "je dépense" and "we will spend" is "nous dépenserons."

Subject Present Future Imperfect
je dépense dépenserai dépensais
tu dépenses dépenseras dépensais
il dépense dépensera dépensait
nous dépensons dépenserons dépensions
vous dépensez dépenserez dépensiez
ils dépensent dépenseront dépensaient

The Present Participle of Dépenser

To form the present participle, the ending -ant is added to the verb stem. This produces dépensant and it works as a verb as well as an adjective, gerund, or noun.

Another Common Past Tense Form 

You can use either the imperfect or the passé composé to express the past tense of dépenser. For the latter, first conjugate the auxiliary verb avoir, then attach the past participle dépensé.

As an example, "I spent" becomes "j'ai dépensé" and "we did spend" is "nous avons dépensé."

More Simple Dépenser Conjugations

Those are the most common and simple verb conjugations for dépenser. At times, you may encounter or need to use one of the following forms.

The subjunctive and conditional verb moods are used when there is some degree of question or uncertainty to the verb's action. The passé simple and imperfect subjunctive are most often found in writing.

Subject Subjunctive Conditional Passé Simple Imperfect Subjunctive
je dépense dépenserais dépensai dépensasse
tu dépenses dépenserais dépensas dépensasses
il dépense dépenserait dépensa dépensât
nous dépensions dépenserions dépensâmes dépensassions
vous dépensiez dépenseriez dépensâtes dépensassiez
ils dépensent dépenseraient dépensèrent dépensassent

The imperative verb form of dépenser may also be useful. When using it, the subject pronoun is not required: simplify "tu dépense" to "dépense."

(tu) dépense
(nous) dépensons
(vous) dépensez
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Team, ThoughtCo. "How to Conjugate "Dépenser" (to Spend)." ThoughtCo, Dec. 6, 2021, Team, ThoughtCo. (2021, December 6). How to Conjugate "Dépenser" (to Spend). Retrieved from Team, ThoughtCo. "How to Conjugate "Dépenser" (to Spend)." ThoughtCo. (accessed June 9, 2023).