Spanish Verb Descansar Conjugation

Descansar Conjugation, Usage, and Examples

Ella está descansando en una hamaca en la ciudad de México (She is resting on a hammock in Mexico City).

Rodrigo Snchez / EyeEm / Getty Images

Descansar is a Spanish verb meaning to rest, and in context it can also mean to sleep or to take a break. Descansar is conjugated regularly, in the same way as other -ar verbs, like remansar (to stagnate), amansar (to tame), and transar (to make a transaction).

Below you'll find conjugations for the indicative tenses (present, preterite, imperfect, and future), the subjunctive tenses (present and imperfect), the imperative mood, the past participle, and the gerund.

You might notice that descansar is made up of the prefix des-, which means to undo an action, and cansar, which means to tire or wear out. So descansar can be thought of as having the literal meaning of "to un-tire."

Words related to descansar include descanso ("rest" as a noun, also "break" or "time off"), descansillo (landing at the top or bottom of a staircase), and descansadero (place for resting).

Present Indicative of Descansar

The present indicative is the most basic tense and is used for current or habitual actions.

YodescansoI restYo descanso los domingos.
descansasYou restTú descansas los ojos.
Usted/él/elladescansaYou/he/she restsÉl descansa en el sillón.
NosotrosdescansamosWe restNosotros descansamos toda la noche.
VosotrosdescansáisYou restVosotros descansáis durante el día.
Ustedes/ellos/ellasdescansanYou/they restEllos descansan del estrés de la vida diaria.

Descansar Preterite

The preterite tense is similar to the simple past tense of English (the one that ends in "-ed" for regular verbs).

YodescanséI restedYo descansé los domingos.
descansasteYou restedTú descansaste los ojos.
Usted/él/elladescansóYou/he/she restedÉl descansó en el sillón.
NosotrosdescansamosWe restedNosotros descansamos toda la noche.
VosotrosdescansasteisYou restedVosotros descansasteis durante el día.
Ustedes/ellos/ellasdescansaronYou/they restedEllos descansaron del estrés de la vida diaria.

Imperfect Indicative Form of Descansar

The imperfect is a type of past tense that doesn't have a single-word English equivalent. It is often translated as "used to + verb" or "was/were + verb + -ing," and is used for actions that don't have a specific end time.

YodescansabaI was restingYo descansaba los domingos.
descansabasYou were restingTú descansabas los ojos.
Usted/él/elladescansabaYou/he/she was restingÉl descansaba en el sillón.
NosotrosdescansábamosWe were restingNosotros descansábamos toda la noche.
VosotrosdescansabaisYou were restingVosotros descansabais durante el día.
Ustedes/ellos/ellasdescansabanYou/they wereEllos descansaban del estrés de la vida diaria.

Descansar Future Tense

YodescansaréI will restYo descansaré los domingos.
descansarásYou will restTú descansarás los ojos.
Usted/él/elladescansaráYou/he/she will restÉl descansará en el sillón.
NosotrosdescansaremosWe will restNosotros descansaremos toda la noche.
VosotrosdescansaréisYou will restVosotros descansaréis durante el día.
Ustedes/ellos/ellasdescansaránYou/they will restEllos descansarán del estrés de la vida diaria.

Periphrastic Future of Descansar

The periphrastic future is more informal than the simple future. It is so common in some regions that it has mostly replaced the simple future in everyday speech.

Yovoy a descansarI am going to restYo voy a descansar los domingos.
vas a descansarYou are going to restTú vas a descansar los ojos.
Usted/él/ellava a descansarYou/he/she is going to restÉl va a descansar en el sillón.
Nosotrosvamos a descansarWe are going to restNosotros vamos a descansar toda la noche.
Vosotrosvais a descansarYou are going to restVosotros vais a descansar durante el día.
Ustedes/ellos/ellasvan a descansarYou/they are going to restEllos van a descansar del estrés de la vida diaria.

Descansar Conditional Indicative

The conditional tense is sometimes known as the hypothetical future. As with "would," it is used for actions that would occur if certain conditions (which don't have to explicitly stated) are met.

YodescansaríaI would restYo descansaría los domingos, pero necesito trabajar.
descansaríasYou would restTú descansarías los ojos, pero no te molestan.
Usted/él/elladescansaríaYou/he/she would restÉl descansaría en el sillón si fuera cómodo.
NosotrosdescansaríamosWe would restNosotros descansaríamos toda la noche si no hubiera ruido.
VosotrosdescansaríaisYou would restVosotros descansaríais durante el día si hubiera cortinas oscuras.
Ustedes/ellos/ellasdescansaríanYou/they would restEllos descansarían del estrés de la vida diaria, pero no tienen tiempo.

Present Progressive/Gerund Form of Descansar

The gerund is used with estar to form the progressive tenses, where the emphasis is on the ongoing nature of an action. Gerunds are not used as adjectives, as is common in English.

Gerund of DescansardescansandorestingÉl está descansando en el sillón.

Past Participle of Descansar

As an adjective, the past participle of descansar typically means "rested" or "relaxed." It can also be used to indicate that something is unchallenging, such as una tarea descansada referring to an easy task.

Participle of DescansardescansadorestedÉl ha descansado en el sillón.

Present Subjunctive of Descansar

Subjunctive verb forms in Spanish are seldom used as the main verb of a sentence. They typically follow the relative pronoun que in a dependent clause.

Que yodescanseThat I restEs importante que yo descanse los domingos.
Que túdescansesThat you restLa doctora quiere que tú descanses los ojos.
Que usted/él/elladescanseThat you/he/she restAna quiere que él descanse en el sillón.
Que nosotrosdescansemosThat we restJuan quiere que nosotros descansemos toda la noche.
Que vosotrosdescanséisThat you restEs difícil que vosotros descanséis durante el día.
Que ustedes/ellos/ellasdescansenThat you/they restVictoria espera que ellos descansen del estrés de la vida diaria.

Imperfect Subjunctive Forms of Descansar

The two forms of the imperfect subjunctive are interchangeable. The first option is used more often, especially in speech.

Option 1

Que yodescansaraThat I restedEra importante que yo descansara los domingos.
Que túdescansarasThat you restedLa doctora quería que tú descansaras los ojos.
Que usted/él/elladescansaraThat you/he/she restedAna quería que él descansara en el sillón.
Que nosotrosdescansáramosThat we restedJuan quería que nosotros descansáramos toda la noche.
Que vosotrosdescansaraisThat you restedEra difícil que vosotros descansarais durante el día.
Que ustedes/ellos/ellasdescansaranThat you/they restedVictoria esperaba que ellos descansaran del estrés de la vida diaria.

Option 2

Que yodescansaseThat I restedEra importante que yo descansase los domingos.
Que túdescansasesThat you restedLa doctora quería que tú descansases los ojos.
Que usted/él/elladescansaseThat you/he/she restedAna quería que él descansase en el sillón.
Que nosotrosdescansásemosThat we restedJuan quería que nosotros descansásemos toda la noche.
Que vosotrosdescansaseisThat you restedEra difícil que vosotros descansaseis durante el día.
Que ustedes/ellos/ellasdescansasenThat you/they restedVictoria esperaba que ellos descansasen del estrés de la vida diaria.

Imperative Forms of Descansar

The imperative mood is used for direct commands. Note that it shares some forms with the present subjunctive, having distinct conjugations only for the familiar second person ( and vosotros) in affirmative commands.

Imperative (Positive Command)

descansaRest!¡Descansa los ojos!
UsteddescanseRest!¡Descanse en el sillón!
NosotrosdescansemosLet's rest!¡Descansemos toda la noche!
VosotrosdescansadRest!¡Descansad durante el día!
UstedesdescansenRest!¡Descansen del estrés de la vida diaria!

Imperative (Negative Command)

no descansesDon't rest!¡No descanses los ojos!
Ustedno descanseDon't rest!¡No descanse en el sillón!
Nosotrosno descansemosLet's not rest!¡No descansemos toda la noche!
Vosotrosno descanséisDon't rest!¡No descanséis durante el día!
Ustedesno descansen

Don't rest!

¡No descansen del estrés de la vida diaria!