How to Determine if Your Computer Is 32-Bit or 64-Bit

Find out whether your Windows operating system is 32-bit or 64-bit

To run optimally, you should run the version of Windows that's aligned to the processor running your computer's hardware. A 64-bit processor should generally run a 64-bit version of Windows, although it can run a 32-bit version just fine. A 32-bit processor, however, can only run a 32-bit version of Windows.

Identify Your System Type

In Windows 10, open the Settings app then click About at the bottom of the left-side menu. You'll see your hardware and software capability in the About page.

For Windows 7 and Windows Vista, click Start > Computer > Properties to reveal a configuration window. In the System type section, you'll see whether you're running a 32- or 64-bit version of Windows.

Older Versions of Windows

It's rare for Windows XP to run at 64 bits. Previous versions of Windows only run at 32-bits. Before Windows 95, Windows ran at 16 bits.

Why Bits Matter

For the most part, you generally won't have to worry about the system architecture of your computer. If you use the Microsoft Store, for example, everything will be taken care of for you.

In some cases, your computer will ship with a 64-bit processor but you'll have a 32-bit version of Windows loaded at the factory. It doesn't matter if your processor supports 64-bit computing; if the operating system supports 32-bits only, you cannot run a 64-bit program. For example, Microsoft Office supports both 64- and 32-bit installers. You can only use the 64-bit version if both your processor and your version of Windows are at a 64-bit level. Otherwise, you'll have to use the 32-bit version only.

Some stand-alone applications released during the Windows 7 era offered both 32- and 64-bit versions. If you downloaded the wrong one, the installer typically failed. If the installer allowed you to load a 64-bit app on a 32-bit computer, the program would fail with various application errors. No harm would come to your computer, however.

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Your Citation
Leahy, Paul. "How to Determine if Your Computer Is 32-Bit or 64-Bit." ThoughtCo, Aug. 28, 2020, Leahy, Paul. (2020, August 28). How to Determine if Your Computer Is 32-Bit or 64-Bit. Retrieved from Leahy, Paul. "How to Determine if Your Computer Is 32-Bit or 64-Bit." ThoughtCo. (accessed May 29, 2023).