How to Conjugate "Détester" (to Hate)

Try Not to "Hate" This French Verb Conjugation

As you might suspect, the French verb détester means "to hate." If you can recognize its similarity to the English detest, then it's quite easy to remember. Yet, when you want to transform the verb to the present, past, or future tense, you will also need to know its conjugations. A quick French lesson will demonstrate how this is done.

Conjugating the French Verb Détester

Détester is a regular -ER verb.

Similar to the -ing and -ed endings we use in English, these French verb endings are the most common. That makes learning each new one a bit easier.

Verb conjugations can become a headache for French students because there are so many verb forms to remember. Not only does the infinitive ending change with each tense and mood, it also changes with each subject pronoun. For  example, "I hate" is "je déteste" and "we will hate" is " nous détesterons."

It's easier to memorize all these forms if you practice them in context and simple sentences.

SubjectPresentFutureImperfect
jedétestedétesteraidétestais
tudétestesdétesterasdétestais
ildétestedétesteradétestait
nousdétestonsdétesteronsdétestions
vousdétestezdétesterezdétestiez
ilsdétestentdétesterontdétestaient

The Present Participle of Détester

The present participle of détestant is formed by adding -ant to the verb stem of détest. While it's primarily used as a verb, you will find it useful as an adjective, gerund, or noun as well.

The Past Participle and Passé Composé

Beyond the imperfect, another form of the past tense "hated" is the passé composé. This one is formed in a different manner and relies on the past participle détesté. To complete it, you must also conjugate the auxiliary verb avoir.

As an example, "I hated" is "j'ai détesté" and "we hated" is "nous avons détesté."

More Simple Détester Conjugations to Learn

There will be times when you will need to imply some degree of uncertainty to the verb détester as well. For this, use the subjunctive verb mood. In a similar fashion, the conditional form is used when the "hating" is dependent on something else happening.

You may not use the passé simple unless you're reading or writing in French. The same applies to the imperfect subjunctive, though it's a good idea to be able to recognize these as forms of détester.

SubjectSubjunctiveConditionalPassé SimpleImperfect Subjunctive
jedétestedétesteraisdétestaidétestasse
tudétestesdétesteraisdétestasdétestasses
ildétestedétesteraitdétestadétestât
nousdétestionsdétesterionsdétestâmesdétestassions
vousdétestiezdétesteriezdétestâtesdétestassiez
ilsdétestentdétesteraientdétestèrentdétestassent

The imperative verb form may be quite useful with détester because it's often used in exclamations. When using it, the subject pronoun is not required: use "déteste" rather than "tu déteste."

 Imperative
(tu)déteste
(nous)détestons
(vous)détestez
Format
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Your Citation
Lawless, Laura K. "How to Conjugate "Détester" (to Hate)." ThoughtCo, Aug. 23, 2017, thoughtco.com/detester-to-hate-1370133. Lawless, Laura K. (2017, August 23). How to Conjugate "Détester" (to Hate). Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/detester-to-hate-1370133 Lawless, Laura K. "How to Conjugate "Détester" (to Hate)." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/detester-to-hate-1370133 (accessed January 20, 2018).