Develop Fluency and Comprehension With Repeated Reading

Learn the Purpose, Procedure and Varations of Activities

Students using tablets in a classroom
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Repeated reading is when a student reads the same text over and over again until the rate of reading has no errors. This strategy can be done individually or in a group setting. This method was originally targeted for students with learning disabilities until educators realized that all students can benefit from this strategy.

Purpose of the Strategy

Teachers use this reading strategy to help their students develop fluency and comprehension while reading. This method was designed to help students who have little to no experience with reading fluently to gain confidence, speed and process words automatically.

How to Teach It

Here are some guidelines and steps to follow when you use the repeated reading strategy:

  1. Choose a story that is approximately 50-200 words. ( A passage that is 100 words long seems to work the best).
  2. Select a story or passage that is decodable verse predicable.
  3. Select a few words that you think will be hard for the students to learn and explain them.
  4. Read the story or passage you chose aloud to the students.
  5. Have students read the selected passage aloud.
  6. Have students re-read the passage as many times as needed until the text is fluent. 


The repeated reading strategy can be used with the whole class, small groups or partners. Posters, large books, and the overhead projector is ideal when working with the whole class or while working in groups.

Here are a variety of activities and strategies that are designed to help students read accurately, effortlessly and at an appropriate speed: 

1. Partnering

  • Partner Reading

This is where two students are grouped into pairs who are on the same reading level.

  1. Group students into pairs.
  2. Have the first reader select a passage and read it to their partner three times.
  3. While the student is reading the partner take notes and helps with words as needed.
  4. Students then switch roles and repeat the process.
  • Choral Reading  

is another way for students to practice re-reading text. Group students into pairs and have them read a passage together in unison.

  • Echo Reading 

Echo reading is a wonderful way for students to practice their phrasing and expression while instilling confidence in their reading. In this activity, the student follows along with their finger while the teacher reads a short passage. Once the teacher stops, the student echoes back what the teacher just read.

2. Individually

  • Tape Assistance

A tape recorder is a great way for students to practice re-reading text. When using tapes, students are able to read and re-read the text as many times as needed to increase their speed and fluency. Once the text has been modeled by the teacher, the student can then practice reading in unison with the tape recorder. After the student feels confident in the text then they can read it to the teacher.

  • Timed Reading

Timed reading is when an individual student uses a stopwatch to keep track of their reading. The student tracks their progress on a chart to see how their speed improved over the course of reading the passage several times. A teacher can also use a reading fluency chart to track progress. 

Quick Tip

  • Build students site word knowledge by using word walls, bingo, flashcards and speed drills.
  • Practice reading with appropriate texts.
  • Allow students to choose what they read from a few passages you choose.
  • Enlist parents or volunteers to help when practicing re-reading skills.


  • Hecklman, 1969 and Samuels, 1979