Languages › French Conjugating the Irregular French Verb 'Devenir' (to Become) Share Flipboard Email Print Carsten Goerling / Getty Images French Grammar Pronunciation & Conversation Vocabulary Resources For Teachers By ThoughtCo Updated August 08, 2019 Devenir, "to become," is an irregular French -ir verb, meaning the infinitive ends in -ir. The chart below lists the conjugations of this verb; it does not include compound conjugations, which consist of some form of the auxiliary verb être and the past participle devenu. "Devenir" Is Highly Irregular There are two groups within the irregular French -ir verbs, one around verbs like partir and sortir and a second around verbs like offrir and ouvrir, that show some conjugation patterns. Devenir and similar verbs like venir ("to come), tenir ("to hold, to keep") and others do not fall into these groups, much less any conjugation group. Their conjugations are so unusual and unwieldy that you simply have to memorize them in order to use these verbs correctly Verbs Ending in "-venir" and "-tenir" Since devenir is conjugated the same way as similar verbs like venir and tenir, it follows that all French verbs ending in the suffixes -venir and -tenir are also conjugated this way. It makes life a little easier if you know the conjugation of at least one of these verbs; then you can apply the same endings to all like verbs. Here are some verbs ending in -venir and -tenir, all of which are conjugated in the same very irregular way as devenir, venir, and tenir. Abstenir > to abstainConvenir à > to suitTenir > to hold, keep Devenir > to become Revenir > to come [home], return Détenir > to hold, detain Obtenir > to obtain, get Soutenir > to support, uphold Parvenir à > to achieve Entretenir > to look after, maintain Maintenir > to maintain Intervenir > to intervene Retenir > to retain Prévenir > to warn, preventAppartenir > to belong to Contenir > to contain Survenir > crop up, happen, occur Provenir > to come from Advenir > to happen Subvenir à > to provide for Contrevenir > to contravene Circonvenir > to circumvent "Devenir": Uses and Expressions The following expressions show French students how to use devenir in various phrases. Tu es devenue une femme. > You're a woman now.Devenir réalité > to become a realityDevenir vieux > to get or grow oldEt moi, qu'est-ce que je vais devenir? > What's to become of me?Je ne sais pas ce que je deviendrais sans toi. > I don't know what I'd do without you.Que devenez-vous? > How are you getting on? / How's it going?Et lui, qu'est-ce qu'il devient? > What's he up to these days?À (vous faire) devenir dingue (familier), à (vous faire) devenir fou, à (vous faire) devenir chèvre (familier) > enough to drive you mad / enough to make you scream Conjugating "Devenir" The table provides the simple conjugations of devenir in its various tenses and moods. Present Future Imperfect Present participle je deviens deviendrai devenais devenant tu deviens deviendras devenais il devient deviendra devenait nous devenons deviendrons devenions vous devenez deviendrez deveniez ils deviennent deviendront devenaient Passé composé Auxiliary verb être Past participle devenu Subjunctive Conditional Passé simple Imperfect subjunctive je devienne deviendrais devins devinsse tu deviennes deviendrais devins devinsses il devienne deviendrait devint devînt nous devenions deviendrions devînmes devinssions vous deveniez deviendriez devîntes devinssiez ils deviennent deviendraient devinrent devinssent Imperative tu deviens nous devenons vous devenez Cite this Article Format mla apa chicago Your Citation ThoughtCo. "Conjugating the Irregular French Verb 'Devenir' (to Become)." ThoughtCo, Aug. 27, 2020, thoughtco.com/devenir-to-become-1370139. ThoughtCo. (2020, August 27). Conjugating the Irregular French Verb 'Devenir' (to Become). Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/devenir-to-become-1370139 ThoughtCo. "Conjugating the Irregular French Verb 'Devenir' (to Become)." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/devenir-to-become-1370139 (accessed March 1, 2021). copy citation Conjugating the Simple French Tenses of 'Revenir' (to Come Back) How to Conjugate the Irregular French Verb 'Soutenir' ('to Support') Conjugating the Simple French Tenses of "Obtenir" (Obtain, Get) Conjugation of the French Irregular Verb Venir (To Come) Contenir - "to Contain" Conjugations of Appartenir: to Belong The Irregular French Verb 'Apprendre' ('to Learn') All About French Irregular '-ir' Verbs How to Conjugate the French Verb Tenir How to Conjugate "Convenir" Conjugations of Prévenir (to Warn) in French A Step-By-Steo Conjugation of "Maintenir" (To Maintain) All About the French Verb Tenir All About 'Dormir,' an Irregular French Verb Like 'Partir,' 'Sortir' How to Conjugate the Irregular French Verb "Croire" How to Conjugate the Irregular French '-ir' Verb 'Offir'