Double Object Pronouns in Italian

Learn how to use double object pronouns like "glielo", Italian

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Hale, Cher. "Double Object Pronouns in Italian." ThoughtCo, Jul. 20, 2016, thoughtco.com/double-object-pronouns-in-italian-4064640. Hale, Cher. (2016, July 20). Double Object Pronouns in Italian. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/double-object-pronouns-in-italian-4064640 Hale, Cher. "Double Object Pronouns in Italian." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/double-object-pronouns-in-italian-4064640 (accessed October 21, 2017).
Rear View Of People Sitting By Antique Street Light In Atrani, Italy
Rear View Of People Sitting By Antique Street Light In Atrani, Italy. Kerin Forstmanis / EyeEm

You’ve learned about direct object pronouns and can say things, like “She brought it” with “it” being a “book”. You’ve also studied indirect object pronouns, so you know how to express a sentence like, “She told him”. However, what if you wanted to say, “She gave IT to HER”?

In a situation like that, you would need to combine the direct object pronoun and the indirect object pronoun, so how would you do that?

How to Form Double Object Pronouns

Let’s use this sentence to demonstrate: He gives IT to YOU.

In our example, “it” will refer to a book, which is “il libro”.

Let’s start with what we know. “To give” in Italian is the verb “dare”the subject pronoun we’ll need is “lui - he”, and the indirect object pronoun for second person singular is “ti”. Finally, we know that “il libro” is masculine and singular.

Now that we have all of that information, we can form the sentence.

Te lo dà. - He gives it (the book) to you.

Why does “ti” change to “te”? When you are forming a double object pronoun, the indirect object pronouns mi, ti, ci, and vi change to me, te, ce, and ve.

Other examples:

  • Renato porta il libro a me. - Renato brings the book to me. --> Renato me lo porta. - Renato brings it to me.
  • Il professore insegna la lezione a voi. - The professor teaches the lesson to you. --> Il professore ve l'insegna. - The professor teaches you the lesson.

    To see all the double object pronouns, check out the table below.

    DOUBLE OBJECT PRONOUNS

    INDIRECT OBJECT

    PRONOUN

    LO

    LA

    LI

    LE

    NE

    mi

    me lo

    me la

    me li

    me le

    me ne

    ti

    te lo

    te la

    te li

    te le

    te ne

    gli, le, Le

    glielo

    gliela

    glieli

    gliele

    gliene

    ci

    ce lo

    ce la

    ce li

    ce le

    ce ne

    vi

    ve lo

    ve la

    ve li

    ve le

    ve ne

    ...loro

    lo...loro

    la...loro

    li...loro

    le...loro

    ne...loro

    What is this “glielo” business about?

    In the chart, you’ll see words like “glielo” that apply to both masculine and feminine indirect object pronouns. To put that more simply, it doesn’t matter whether the person receiving the action is male or female; they both use “gli”.

    Examples:

    • I’m sending it (the package - il pacchetto) to her. → Glielo mando.

    • You told it (the secret - il segreto) to her. → Glielo hai detto.

    • She sent it (the letter - la lettera) to him. → Gliel’ha mandata.

    Gli, le, and Le become glie- before direct object pronouns and ne and combine with them to become one word.

    What about commands?

    When you want to give a command to a friend using the informal imperative mood, like “give it to me”, the form changes slightly.

    • Give it to me. - Dammelo.
    • Say it to her. - Diglielo
    • Remind me tomorrow. - Ricordamelo domani.

    Instead of coming before the verb, it attaches to the end.

    This concept of i pronomi doppi has a lot of moving parts, so it’s important to get practice with exercises. Here’s one that you can work with first.

    Format
    mla apa chicago
    Your Citation
    Hale, Cher. "Double Object Pronouns in Italian." ThoughtCo, Jul. 20, 2016, thoughtco.com/double-object-pronouns-in-italian-4064640. Hale, Cher. (2016, July 20). Double Object Pronouns in Italian. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/double-object-pronouns-in-italian-4064640 Hale, Cher. "Double Object Pronouns in Italian." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/double-object-pronouns-in-italian-4064640 (accessed October 21, 2017).