Languages › French How to Conjugate "Écouter" (to Listen to) in French "Listen" for These Simple Verb Conjugations in Conversation Share Flipboard Email Print Paul Bradbury/Getty Images French Grammar Pronunciation & Conversation Vocabulary Resources For Teachers By ThoughtCo Updated January 26, 2019 When you want to say "to listen to" in French, use the verb écouter. In order to change it to the past tense "listened to" or the future tense "will listen to," a simple verb conjugation is required. A short lesson in the most common forms of this useful verb will show you how that's done. Conjugating the French Verb Écouter Écouter is a regular -ER verb and it follows a very common conjugation pattern. This is good news for students who find these challenging because you can apply the infinitive endings you learn here to many other verbs. These include assister (to assist) and donner (to give). To change écouter to the present, future, or imperfect past tense, simply match the appropriate subject pronoun to the tense. For instance, "I listen to" is "j'écoute" and "we listen to" is "nous écouterons." Subject Present Future Imperfect j' écoute écouterai écoutais tu écoutes écouteras écoutais il écoute écoutera écoutait nous écoutons écouterons écoutions vous écoutez écouterez écoutiez ils écoutent écouteront écoutaient The Present Participle of Écouter The present participle also builds off the verb stem with the -ant ending to form écoutant. This is an adjective, gerund, or noun in some circumstances as well as a verb. The Past Participle and Passé Composé The passé composé is a familiar way to express the past tense "listened to" in French. To construct it, conjugate the auxiliary verb avoir to fit the subject pronoun, then attach the past participle écouté. For example, "I listened to" becomes "j'ai écouté" and "we listened to" is "nous avons écouté." More Simple Écouter Conjugations Should you wish to express that the action of listening is questionable or not guaranteed, use the subjunctive verb mood. Similarly, when the action is dependent on something else happening, the conditional verb mood is employed. In formal writing, you will come across either the passé simple or the imperfect subjunctive forms of écouter. Recognizing these will improve your reading comprehension. Subject Subjunctive Conditional Passé Simple Imperfect Subjunctive j' écoute écouterais écoutai écoutasse tu écoutes écouterais écoutas écoutasses il écoute écouterait écouta écoutât nous écoutions écouterions écoutâmes écoutassions vous écoutiez écouteriez écoutâtes écoutassiez ils écoutent écouteraient écoutèrent écoutassent The imperative verb mood is used in short and often assertive statements. When using it, there's no need to include the subject pronoun: use "écoute" rather than "tu écoute." Imperative (tu) écoute (nous) écoutons (vous) écoutez Cite this Article Format mla apa chicago Your Citation ThoughtCo. "How to Conjugate "Écouter" (to Listen to) in French." ThoughtCo, Aug. 27, 2020, thoughtco.com/ecouter-to-listen-to-1370190. ThoughtCo. (2020, August 27). How to Conjugate "Écouter" (to Listen to) in French. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/ecouter-to-listen-to-1370190 ThoughtCo. "How to Conjugate "Écouter" (to Listen to) in French." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/ecouter-to-listen-to-1370190 (accessed February 27, 2021). copy citation How to Conjugate "Expliquer" (to Explain) in French How to Conjugate "Désirer" (to Desire) How to Conjugate "Élire" (to Elect" How to Conjugate "Cuisiner" (to Cook) How to Conjugate "Dessiner" (to Draw) Conjugating the Verb Fuir (to Flee) How to Conjugate "Fermer" (to Close) How to Conjugate the Verb 'Créer' (to Create) in French French Verb Conjugation Using "Essayer" (to Try) How to Conjugate "Ennuyer" (to Bore) How to Conjugate "Cueillir" (to Gather, Pick Up) How to Conjugate "Jouir" (to Enjoy) in French How to Conjugate "Déranger" (to Disturb) How to Conjugate "Endormir" (To Put/Send to Sleep) in French How to Conjugate "Emmener" (to Take) How to Conjugate the French Word "Disparaître"