Humanities › Languages How to Conjugate "Emprunter" (to Borrow) A French Verb Conjugation to Say "Borrowed" or "Borrowing" Share Flipboard Email Print Languages French Grammar Basics Pronunciation & Conversation Vocabulary Resources for Teachers English as a Second Language Spanish German Italian Japanese Mandarin Russian English Grammar View More by ThoughtCo Updated July 31, 2017 When you want to say "to borrow" in French, turn to the verb emprunter. A verb conjugation is required to imply when the "borrowing" happens, whether that is in the past, present, or future tense. The good news is that emprunter is a relatively straightforward conjugation and a quick lesson will demonstrate how it's done. Conjugating the French Verb Emprunter Many French verbs follow common verb conjugation patterns. This allows you to apply what you may have learned with depenser (to spend) or débarrasser (to get rid of) to a verb like emprunter. Each of these is a regular -ER verb, the most common conjugation you'll find in French. Changing emprunter to the present, future, or imperfect past tense is quite simple. First, recognize the verb stem emprunt-, then add the appropriate ending for the subject pronoun and tense. For instance, "I borrow" is "j'emprunte" in French, while "we will borrow" is "nous emprunterons." Subject Present Future Imperfect j' emprunte emprunterai empruntais tu empruntes emprunteras empruntais il emprunte empruntera empruntait nous empruntons emprunterons empruntions vous empruntez emprunterez empruntiez ils empruntent emprunteront empruntaient The Present Participle of Emprunter Adding -ant to the verb stem of emprunter gives you the present participle empruntant. It is a verb, of course, though you'll also find it useful as an adjective, gerund, or noun at times. The Past Participle and Passé Composé Another form of the past tense beyond the imperfect is the passé composé and it requires a quick phrase construction. It begins with the subject pronoun, then a conjugate of avoir, the most common auxiliary, or "helping," verb. To this, the past participle emprunté is added. It all comes together quickly: "I borrowed" becomes "j'ai emprunté" and "we borrowed" transforms into "nous avons emprunté." More Simple Emprunter Conjugations Among these simple conjugations of emprunter, French students should memorize and practice those above first. Then, you can dive into some special uses of the verb. For instance, with a little study, you'll know these passé simple and imperfect subjunctive forms of embrasser when you read them. In more frequent use, the subjunctive verb mood implies uncertainty to the verb and the conditional form says that the action will only happen if something else does. Subject Subjunctive Conditional Passé Simple Imperfect Subjunctive j' emprunte emprunterais empruntai empruntasse tu empruntes emprunterais empruntas empruntasse il emprunte emprunterait emprunta empruntât nous empruntions emprunterions empruntâmes empruntassions vous empruntiez emprunteriez empruntâtes empruntassiez ils empruntent emprunteraient empruntèrent empruntassent The imperative verb form is just as useful and even easier to remember. The key here is that you can drop the subject pronoun: use "emprunte" rather than "tu emprunte." Imperative (tu) emprunte (nous) empruntons (vous) empruntez Continue Reading How Do You Conjugate "Lunch" in French? Try Not to "Fall Asleep" Conjugating "Endormir" How Would You Conjugate "Exister" in French? How Would You Conjugation "Augmenter"? How Would You Conjugate "Louer" (to Rent)? Can You Say "Cooked" or "Cooking" Using the French "Cuisiner"? "Elect" to Learn How to Conjugate "Élire" in French Learn How to Say "Drawing" or "Drew" in French How Do You Conjugate "Décrire" (to Describe) in French? "Spend" Some Time Learning to Conjugate "Dépenser" in French "Shout" for Joy That Conjugating "Crier" Is Easy Do You Know How to Say "Heated" in French? You'll Find a French Lesson on "Désirer" Quite "Desireable" Does "Causer" Mean "to Cause" or "to Chat" in French? "Try" Your Best to Conjugate "Essayer" You Will Be "Attracted" to the French Verb "Attirer"