Languages › French How to Conjugate "Endormir" (To Put/Send to Sleep) in French Try Not to "Fall Asleep" During These Verb Conjugations Share Flipboard Email Print Pollyana FMS/Getty Images French Grammar Pronunciation & Conversation Vocabulary Resources For Teachers By ThoughtCo Updated October 13, 2017 The action of "falling asleep" or "going to bed" can be described with the French verb endormir. Literally "to put to sleep" or "to send to sleep," endormir is a form of dormir (to sleep). In order to say this in the past, present, or future tense, a verb conjugation is required. This one is a bit of a challenge, but if you study it along with dormir, it will be just a little easier. Conjugating the French Verb Endormir Endormir is an irregular verb, so it doesn't follow any of the most common verb conjugation patterns found in French. However, it is not entirely alone because most French verbs ending in -mir, -tir, or -vir are conjugated with the same endings. That said, the conjugations of endormir are not terribly difficult or abnormal. First, we must identify the verb stem, which is endor-. Then we can begin to add the infinitive endings that pair the tense with the appropriate subject pronoun. For instance, adding an -s in the present tense je creates "j'endors," meanings "I am putting to sleep" or, less literally, "I am going to bed." Likewise, when we add the ending -mirons, we create the nous future tense "nous endormirons," or "we will put to sleep." Admittedly, conjugating the English "to put to sleep" is not simple and some interpretation in the translation is required. Subject Present Future Imperfect j' endors endormirai endormais tu endors endormiras endormais il endort endormira endormait nous endormons endormirons endormions vous endormez endormirez endormiez ils endorment endormiront endormaient The Present Participle of Endormir When you add -ant to the verb stem of endormir, the present participle endormant is formed. This can be an adjective, gerund, or noun as well as a verb. The Past Participle and Passé Composé The past tense can also be formed with the passé composé. To construct this, begin by conjugating the auxiliary verb avoir to fit the subject pronoun, then attach the past participle endormi. For example, "I went to sleep" is "j'ai endormi" while "we went to sleep" is "nous avons endormi." More Simple Endormir Conjugations At first, it's recommended to focus on the conjugations above because they're the most useful and common. Once you have those committed to memory, study these other simple forms of endormir. When there is no guarantee to the verb's action, the subjunctive verb mood may be used. In a similar manner, if the action will only happen if something else takes place, the conditional verb mood is employed. In formal writing, the passé simple and the imperfect subjunctive are used. Subject Subjunctive Conditional Passé Simple Imperfect Subjunctive j endorme endormirais endormis endormisse tu endormes endormirais endormis endormisses il endorme endormirait endormit endormît nous endormions endormirions endormîmes endormissions vous endormiez endormiriez endormîtes endormissiez ils endorment endormiraient endormirent endormissent The imperative verb form is used for commands and direct requests. These are short statements and the subject pronoun is not required: use "endors" rather than "tu endors." Imperative (tu) endors (nous) endormons (vous) endormez Cite this Article Format mla apa chicago Your Citation ThoughtCo. "How to Conjugate "Endormir" (To Put/Send to Sleep) in French." ThoughtCo, Aug. 27, 2020, thoughtco.com/endormir-to-put-send-to-sleep-1370223. ThoughtCo. (2020, August 27). How to Conjugate "Endormir" (To Put/Send to Sleep) in French. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/endormir-to-put-send-to-sleep-1370223 ThoughtCo. "How to Conjugate "Endormir" (To Put/Send to Sleep) in French." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/endormir-to-put-send-to-sleep-1370223 (accessed March 1, 2021). copy citation How to Conjugate "Désirer" (to Desire) How to Conjugate "Écouter" (to Listen to) in French How to Conjugate "Louer" (to Rent) How to Conjugate "Cuisiner" (to Cook) Learn How to Conjugate the French Verb "Passer" (to Pass) How to Conjugate "Élire" (to Elect" French Verb Conjugation Using "Essayer" (to Try) How to Conjugate "Crier" (to Shout, to Scream) in French How to Conjugate "Danser" (to Dance) How to Conjugate the French Verb Découvrir Conjugation of French Verb Entrer (to Enter) How to Conjugate "Déranger" (to Disturb) How to Conjugate "Embrasser" (to Embrace, to Kiss) How to Conjugate "Dessiner" (to Draw) How to Conjugate "Déjeuner" (to Have Lunch) How to Conjugate the French Word "Disparaître"