Humanities › Languages How to Conjugate "Espérer" Have "Hope" That You'll Learn These French Verb Conjugations Share Flipboard Email Print Chris Clor/Getty Images Languages French Grammar Basics Pronunciation & Conversation Vocabulary Resources for Teachers English as a Second Language Spanish German Italian Japanese Mandarin Russian English Grammar View More by ThoughtCo Updated April 21, 2019 When you want to say "to hope" in French, use the verb espérer. In order to transform it to a specific tense, such as "hoped" or "hoping," you will need to conjugate it. This one is a bit of a challenge, but a quick lesson will run you through the simplest and most useful verb forms. Conjugating the French Verb Espérer French verb conjugations are more complicated than they are in English. Where English uses just a few endings like -ing or -ed, French requires a new infinitive ending for every subject pronoun as well as every tense of the verb. This means that we have more words to commit to memory. Espérer is a stem-changing verb and it follows the rules of most verbs that end with -e_er. In general, you should look out for the forms in which the acute é changes to the grave è. At the same time, in the future tense, either accented 'E' can be used. Other than that minor (but important) spelling change, espérer uses the same endings as regular -ER verbs. Simply match the subject pronoun with the appropriate tense in this table to study these forms. For instance, "I hope" is "j'espère" while "we will hope" can be either "nous espérerons" or "nous espèrerons." Subject Present Future Imperfect j' espère espéreraiespèrerai espérais tu espères espérerasespèreras espérais il espère espéreraespèrera espérait nous espérons espéreronsespèrerons espérions vous espérez espérerezespèrerez espériez ils espèrent espérerontespèreront espéraient The Present Participle of Espérer To form the present participle of espérer, add -ant to the verb stem. This creates the word espérant, which can be useful beyond a verb. In some circumstances, it becomes an adjective, gerund, or noun. The Past Participle and Passé Composé Besides the imperfect, you can also use the passé composé to express the past tense "hoped" in French. When doing so, conjugate the auxiliary verb avoir, then add the past participle espéré. As an example, "I hoped" is "j'ai espéré" while "we hoped" is "nous avons espéré." More Simple Espérer Conjugations While those are the most important conjugations of espérer to memorize, you may find a few more helpful as well. For instance, when the verb's action is questionable, either the subjunctive verb mood or the conditional form may be appropriate. If you read a lot of French, it's likely that you will encounter either the passé simple or the imperfect subjunctive. These are common in literature and it's a good idea to be able to recognize them. Subject Subjunctive Conditional Passé Simple Imperfect Subjunctive j' espère espéreraisespèrerais espérai espérasse tu espères espéreraisespèrerais espéras espérasses il espère espéreraitespèrerait espéra espérât nous espérions espérerionsespèrerions espérâmes espérassions vous espériez espéreriezespèreriez espérâtes espérassiez ils espèrent espéreraientespèreraient espérèrent espérassent The imperative verb form is used to form quick and often assertive statements or exclamations. When using this one, skip the subject pronoun. Rather than saying "tu espère," use "espère" alone. Imperative (tu) espère (nous) espérons (vous) espérez Continue Reading "Complete" a Simple Lesson in French Verb Conjugations Let Us "Lead" You Through Conjugating "Mener" in French How Would You Conjugate "Élever" (to Raise) in French? Conjugating "Lever" (Lift, Raise) "Include" the Verb "Inclure" in Your French Vocabulary "Take" the Conjugations of "Emmener" Seriously, They're Useful Learn How to Say "Confided" or "Confiding" in French When You Want "to Support" in French Use "Appuyer" "Throw" the Conjugations of "Lancer" Into Your French Vocabulary Learn How to Say "Protected" in French Using "Protéger" "Spend" Some Time Learning to Conjugate "Dépenser" in French Learn How to Conjugate "Suggérer" (to Suggest) in French "Concentrate" on the French Conjugation of "Concentrer" You'll "Cherish" This Simple French Verb Conjugation, Mon Chéri How Is "Marier" (to Marry) Conjugated in French? Let's "Chat" About Conjugating "Bavarder"