Languages › French How to Conjugate "Essuyer" (to Wipe) Share Flipboard Email Print AE Pictures Inc. / Getty Images French Grammar Pronunciation & Conversation Vocabulary Resources For Teachers By ThoughtCo Updated May 20, 2019 In French, the verb essuyer means "to wipe." Changing this into the past tense "wiped" or the future tense "will wipe" requires a verb conjugation. This lesson will show you how to transform essuyer into the simplest and most useful forms. First, however, it should be noted that essuyer is very similar in spelling and sound to essayer, which means "to try." Watch out for these two so you don't confuse them. Conjugating the French Verb Essuyer The -yer ending tells us that essuyer is a stem-changing verb. In certain conjugations, the 'Y' changes to an 'I' before the infinitive ending is attached. While it doesn't change the pronunciation, it does affect the spelling, so it's important to pay attention to it. To conjugate essuyer, begin with the verb stem of essuy-. We will then add a new ending according to the tense of the sentence as well as the subject pronoun. This means that "I wipe" is "j'essuie" and "we will wipe" is "nous essuierons." Subject Present Future Imperfect j' essuie essuierai essuyais tu essuies essuieras essuyais il essuie essuiera essuyait nous essuyons essuierons essuyions vous essuyez essuierez essuyiez ils essuient essuieront essuyaient The Present Participle of Essuyer When we add -ant to the verb stem of essuyer, the present participle essuyant is formed. This is a verb, of course, but is also useful as an adjective, gerund, or noun in some circumstances. The Past Participle and Passé Composé The past participle of essuyer is essuyé. It's used to form the passé composé for the past tense "tried." Before it's complete, you must also include the subject pronoun and the appropriate conjugation of the auxiliary verb avoir. It all comes together quite easily. For instance, "I wiped" is "j'ai essuyé" while "we wiped" is "nous avons essuyé." Notice how ai and avons are conjugates of avoir and that the past participle doesn't change. More Simple Essuyer Conjugations to Know We're not quite done with essuyer, though the verb forms above should be a priority in your studies. There will also be times when you want to imply uncertainty or dependency to the verb's action. In these cases, you can use the subjunctive verb mood or the conditional form. When reading French, you may encounter any of the passé simple or the imperfect subjunctive forms of essuyer as well. Subject Subjunctive Conditional Passé Simple Imperfect Subjunctive j' essuie essuierais essuyai essuyasse tu essuies essuierais essuyas essuyasses il essuie essuierait essuya essuyât nous essuyions essuierions essuyâmes essuyassions vous essuyiez essuieriez essuyâtes essuyassiez ils essuient essuieraient essuyèrent essuyassent The imperative verb form is used in assertive and short statements. When using it, keep it short and skip the subject pronoun: "tu essuie" becomes "essuie." Imperative (tu) essuie (nous) essuyons (vous) essuyez Cite this Article Format mla apa chicago Your Citation ThoughtCo. "How to Conjugate "Essuyer" (to Wipe)." ThoughtCo, Aug. 27, 2020, thoughtco.com/essuyer-to-wipe-1370270. ThoughtCo. (2020, August 27). How to Conjugate "Essuyer" (to Wipe). Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/essuyer-to-wipe-1370270 ThoughtCo. "How to Conjugate "Essuyer" (to Wipe)." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/essuyer-to-wipe-1370270 (accessed April 20, 2021). copy citation French Verb Conjugation Using "Essayer" (to Try) How to Conjugate Décider, to Decide, in French How to Conjugate "Embrasser" (to Embrace, to Kiss) How to Conjugate "Décrire" (to Describe) in French How to Conjugate the French Verb "Nettoyer" How to Conjugate "Fournir" (to Furnish, to Provide) in French How to Conjugate "Fermer" (to Close) How to Conjugate "Conquérir" (to Conquer) How to Conjugate "Louer" (to Rent) How to Conjugate "Mener" (to Lead) Conjugating the Verb Fuir (to Flee) How to Conjugate "Gagner" (to Win, to Earn) in French How to Conjugate "Guérir" (to Cure, to Heal, to Recover) How to Conjugate "Chauffer" (to Heat) in French How to Conjugate "Marier" (to Marry) How to Conjugate "Espérer"