Languages › French How to Conjugate "Établir" (to Establish) "Establish" These French Verb Conjugations in Your Vocabulary Share Flipboard Email Print French Grammar Pronunciation & Conversation Vocabulary Resources For Teachers by ThoughtCo Updated July 31, 2017 The French verb établir means "to establish." This is a relatively easy one to remember because it resembles the English word and the conjugations aren't terribly difficult, either. Conjugating the French Verb Établir Verb conjugations are required when we want to change the tense. In English, we add -ed or -ing to do this, but it's more complex in French. That's because there's a new verb ending for every subject pronoun as well as every tense. Établir is a regular -IR verb and it follows the verb conjugation rules of similar verbs like convertir (to convert), chérir (to cherish), and many others. This makes learning each new verb a little easier than the last. To conjugate these verbs, we must first recognize the verb stem. For établir, that is établ-. Then we need to add the appropriate ending. For instance, "I establish" is "j'établis" and "we will establish" is "nous établirons." Subject Present Future Imperfect j' établis établirai établissais tu établis établiras établissais il établit établira établissait nous établissons établirons établissions vous établissez établirez établissiez ils établissent établiront établissaient The Present Participle of Établir Adding -ant to the verb stem of établir creates the present participle of établissant. This is a verb, yet it can also be used as an adjective, gerund, or noun in certain circumstances. The Past Participle and Passé Composé The past tense "established" can be formed using either the imperfect or the passé composé. To construct the latter, begin with the subject pronoun, conjugate the auxiliary verb avoir to match it, then add the past participle établi. It comes together quickly: "I established" is "j'ai établi" and "we established" is "nous avons établi." You will notice that ai and avons are conjugates of avoir and that the past participle does not change. Apply these rules to other subjects as well. More Simple Établir Conjugations Practicing all of the above forms of établir should be the focus of your studies at first. When you're comfortable with those, consider adding the following to your vocabulary. Even if you don't use them personally, it's important to be able to recognize these and associate them with établir. When the act of "establishing" has some question or uncertainty to it, the subjunctive form or the conditional verb can be used. It's likely that you will only encounter the passé simple and imperfect subjunctive in formal writing. Subject Subjunctive Conditional Passé Simple Imperfect Subjunctive j' établisse établirais établis établisse tu établisses établirais établis établisses il établisse établirait établit établît nous établissions établirions établîmes établissions vous établissiez établiriez établîtes établissiez ils établissent établiriez établirent établissent For short statements that directly request or demand something to be established, use the imperative verb form. When doing so, the subject pronoun is not required: use "établis" rather than "tu établis." Imperative (tu) établis (nous) établissons (vous) établissez Continue Reading How Would You Conjugate "Durer" (to Last)? How to Conjugate the French Verb for Create "Embrace" the Lesson in Conjugating "Embrasser" in French "Convertir" Is an Easy French Verb to Conjugate (or "Convert") How Would You Conjugate "Exister" in French? "Throw" the Conjugations of "Lancer" Into Your French Vocabulary How Would You Say "to Close" in French? You'll "Pick Up" the "Cueillir" Conjugations Before You Know It You'll Need to Conjugate "Décrire" to Say "Described" in French How Is "Demander" Conjugated, You "Ask"? Learn How to Conjugate "Utiliser" (to Use) in French You'll Find a French Lesson on "Désirer" Quite "Desireable" How Is "Marier" (to Marry) Conjugated in French? Can You Say "Cooked" or "Cooking" Using the French "Cuisiner"? Don't "Disobey" the Verb Conjugation Rules For "DéSobéir" You're "Invited" to Learn About the French "Inviter"