How to Conjugate the French Verb Étudier ('to Study)

Étudier is an '-er' verb with regular conjugations

Teenage girl doing homework, studying at coffee table in living room


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Étudier, ("to learn or study") is a regular French -er verb, which means it belongs to the largest group of verbs in the French language. They share conjugation patterns in all tenses and moods.

To use étudier, begin by removing the -er ending from the infinitive. This gives you the stem of the verb. Then to conjugate the verb, add the endings in the table below to the stem.

Note that the table lists only simple conjugations.

Compound conjugations, which consist of a form of the auxiliary verb avoir and the past participle étudié, are not included.

Generally speaking, there are five main categories of verbs in French: regular -er, -ir and -re; stem-changing; and irregular. Once you've learned the rules of conjugation for each of the three regular verbs, you should have no problem conjugating regular verbs in each of those categories. The majority of French verbs are by far regular -er verbs.  

All regular -er verbs are conjugated according to regular -er verb conjugation patterns, except for one small irregularity: Verbs that end in -ger and -cer require a slight spelling change, the insertion of an e after the g and c wherever there is no e so these letters are consistently pronounced as soft consonants throughout, as in manger.

Take care with verbs like étudier that end in -ier. They are conjugated like all other regular -er verbs, but their spelling can be tricky.

Just follow the table below to the letter, and you won't have a problem.

Étudier: Uses and Expressions   

  • Elle étudie piano. > She's learning to play the piano.
  • Il a fait ses études. > He studied. / He was a student.
  • travailler > to study
  • étudier le terrain > to survey the land
  • être très étudié > to be specially design
  • c'est étudié pour > that's what it's for
  • se regarder soi-même > to gaze at or study oneself

Common Regular French '-er' Verbs 

  • aimer > to like, to love
  • arriver > to arrive, to happen
  • chanter > to sing
  • chercher > to look for
  • commencer > to begin
  • danser > to dance
  • demander > to ask for
  • dépenser > to spend (money)
  • détester > to hate
  • donner > to give
  • écouter > to listen to
  • étudier > to study
  • fermer > to close
  • goûter > to taste
  • jouer > to play
  • laver > to wash
  • manger > to eat
  • nager > to swim
  • parler > to talk, to speak
  • passer > to pass, spend (time)
  • penser > to think
  • porter > to wear, to carry
  • regarder > to watch, to look at
  • rêver > to dream
  • sembler > to seem
  • skier > to ski
  • travailler > to work
  • trouver > to find
  • visiter > to visit (a place)
  • voler > to fly, to steal

Simple Conjugations of the Regular French '-er' Verb 'Étudier'

 Present Future ImperfectPresent participle
ilétudieétudieraétudiaitPassé composé
nousétudionsétudieronsétudiions   Auxiliary verb avoir
vousétudiezétudierezétudiiez   Past participle étudié
 SubjunctiveConditionalPassé simpleImperfect subjunctive
(nous) étudions