How to Conjugate the French Verb Étudier (to Study)

Étudier is an -er verb with regular conjugations

Teenage girl doing homework, studying at coffee table in living room
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Étudier ("to learn or study") is a regular French -er verb, which means it belongs to the largest group of verbs in the French language. They share conjugation patterns in all tenses and moods.

To use étudier, begin by removing the -er ending from the infinitive. This gives you the stem of the verb. To conjugate the verb, add the endings in the table below to the stem.

Note that the table lists only simple conjugations. Compound conjugations, which consist of a form of the auxiliary verb avoir and the past participle étudié, are not included.

Verb Categories

Generally speaking, there are five main categories of verbs in French: regular -er, -ir and -re; stem-changing; and irregular. Once you've learned the rules of conjugation for each of the three regular verbs, you should have no problem conjugating regular verbs in each of those categories. The majority by far of French verbs is regular -er verbs.

All regular -er verbs are conjugated according to regular -er verb conjugation patterns, except for one small irregularity: Verbs that end in -ger and -cer require a slight spelling change, the insertion of an e after the g and c wherever there is no e, so these letters are consistently pronounced as soft consonants throughout, as in manger.

Take care with verbs such as étudier that end in -ier. They are conjugated like all other regular -er verbs, but their spelling can be tricky. Follow the table below to the letter, and you won't have a problem.

Étudier: Uses and Expressions

Examples of how to use etudier:

  • Elle étudie piano. > She's learning to play the piano.
  • Il a fait ses études. > He studied. / He was a student.
  • étudier le terrain > to survey the land
  • être très étudié > to be specially designed
  • c'est étudié pour > that's what it's for

Common Regular French '-er' Verbs

Other -er  verbs include:

  • aimer > to like, to love
  • arriver > to arrive, to happen
  • chanter > to sing
  • chercher > to look for
  • commencer > to begin
  • danser > to dance
  • demander > to ask for
  • dépenser > to spend (money)
  • détester > to hate
  • donner > to give
  • écouter > to listen to
  • étudier > to study
  • fermer > to close
  • goûter > to taste
  • jouer > to play
  • laver > to wash
  • manger > to eat
  • nager > to swim
  • parler > to talk, to speak
  • passer > to pass, spend (time)
  • penser > to think
  • porter > to wear, to carry
  • regarder > to watch, to look at
  • rêver > to dream
  • sembler > to seem
  • skier > to ski
  • travailler > to work
  • trouver > to find
  • visiter > to visit (a place)
  • voler > to fly, to steal

Conjugations of the Regular French -er Verb 'Étudier'

These are simple conjugations:

Present Future Imperfect Present participle
j' étudie étudierai étudiais étudiant
tu étudies étudieras étudiais
il étudie étudiera étudiait Passé composé
nous étudions étudierons étudiions Auxiliary verb avoir
vous étudiez étudierez étudiiez Past participle étudié
ils étudient étudieront étudiaient
Subjunctive Conditional Passé simple Imperfect subjunctive
j' étudie étudierais étudiai étudiasse
tu étudies étudierais étudias étudiasses
il étudie étudierait étudia étudiât
nous étudiions étudierions étudiâmes étudiassions
vous étudiiez étudieriez étudiâtes étudiassiez
ils étudient étudieraient étudièrent étudiassent
(tu) étudie
(nous) étudions
(vous) étudiez
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Team, ThoughtCo. "How to Conjugate the French Verb Étudier (to Study)." ThoughtCo, Dec. 6, 2021, Team, ThoughtCo. (2021, December 6). How to Conjugate the French Verb Étudier (to Study). Retrieved from Team, ThoughtCo. "How to Conjugate the French Verb Étudier (to Study)." ThoughtCo. (accessed June 5, 2023).