Facts About Jesus' Crucifixion

The Crucifixion of Jesus Christ: History, Forms, and Biblical Timeline

Jesus Crucifixion
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Jesus' Crucifixion was a horribly painful and disgraceful form of capital punishment used in the ancient world. This method of execution involved binding the victim's hands and feet and nailing them to a cross.

Definition of Crucifixion

The word crucifixion comes from the Latin "crucifixio," or "crucifixus," meaning "fixed to a cross."

History of Crucifixion

Crucifixion was not only one of the most disgraceful forms of death, but it was also one of the most dreaded methods of execution in the ancient world.

Accounts of crucifixions are recorded among early civilizations, most likely originating with the Persians and then spreading to the Assyrians, Scythians, Carthaginians, Germans, Celts and Britons. This type of capital punishment was primarily reserved for traitors, captive armies, slaves and the worst of criminals. Crucifixion became common under the rule of Alexander the Great (356-323 B.C.).

Different Forms of Crucifixion

Detailed descriptions of crucifixions are few, perhaps because secular historians could not bear to describe the gruesome events of this horrible practice. However, archaeological finds from first century Palestine have shed a great deal of light on this early form of death penalty. Four basic structures or types of crosses were used for crucifixion: Crux Simplex, Crux Commissa, Crux Decussata, and Crux Immissa.

    The Crucifixion of Jesus - Bible Story Summary

    Jesus Christ, the central figure of Christianity, died on a Roman cross as recorded in Matthew 27:27-56, Mark 15:21-38, Luke 23:26-49, and John 19:16-37. Christian theology teaches that Christ's death provided the perfect atoning sacrifice for the sins all humankind, thus making the crucifix, or cross, one of the defining symbols of Christianity.

    Take some time to meditate on this Bible story about the crucifixion of Jesus, with Scripture references, interesting points or lessons to be learned from the story, and a question for reflection:

    Timeline of Jesus' Death by Crucifixion

    Jesus' final hours on the cross lasted from approximately 9 a.m. to 3 p.m., a period of about six hours. This timeline takes a detailed, hour-by-hour look at the events as recorded in Scripture, including the events just before and immediately following the crucifixion.

    Good Friday - Remembering the Crucifixion

    On the Christian Holy Day known as Good Friday, observed the Friday before Easter, Christians commemorate the passion, or suffering, and death of Jesus Christ on the cross. Many believers spend this day in fasting, prayer, repentance, and meditation on the agony of Christ on the cross.

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    Fairchild, Mary. "Facts About Jesus' Crucifixion." ThoughtCo, Feb. 28, 2017, thoughtco.com/facts-about-jesus-crucifixion-700752. Fairchild, Mary. (2017, February 28). Facts About Jesus' Crucifixion. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/facts-about-jesus-crucifixion-700752 Fairchild, Mary. "Facts About Jesus' Crucifixion." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/facts-about-jesus-crucifixion-700752 (accessed November 18, 2017).