Famous Chemists - Last Names Starting with A

Scientists who Made Important Chemistry Discoveries

Arrhenius is a famous chemist who helped found the field of physical chemistry.
Arrhenius is a famous chemist who helped found the field of physical chemistry.

This is an alphabetical list of famous chemists and other scientists who made important contributions to the field of chemistry.

Index of Famous Chemists

Frederick Abel, (1827–1902), English chemist

  • Abel is best known for developing a process to produce gun cotton reliably and safely.
     

Philip Hauge Abelson (1913-2004) American chemist, co-discoverer of neptunium

  • In addition to his work on neptunium, Abselson was a key figure in the Manhattan Project. He wrote the first physics report explaining how a nuclear reactor could be used in a submarine.
     

    Emil Abderhalden, (1877–1950), Swiss chemist

    • Abderhalden developed a pregnancy blood test and a test for cystine in urine. He analyzed proteins, polypeptides, and enzymes.
       

    Richard Abegg, (1869–1910), German chemist

    • Abegg pioneered valence theory. His proposal that that maximum valence of an atom of an element is 8 came to be known as Abegg's rule.
       

    William de Wiveleslie Abney (1843-1920) English chemist, astronomer and photographer

    • Abney developed a dry photographic emulsion, replacing earlier wet emulsions. He developed several other important photographic products. He pioneered infrared solar spectrum photography and an emulsion to capture the infrared spectrum of organic molecules.
       

    Franz Karl Achard (1753-1821) German chemist

    • Achard developed a method of purifying sugar from sugar beets.
       

    Edward Goodrich Acheson (1856-1931), American chemist, process to make carborundum

    • Acheson invented the Acheson process, used to make carborundum or silicon carbide. He performed experiments to find a form of carbon Edison could use in light bulbs.


      Peter Agre, (1949-), American chemist and physician, 2003 Nobel Prize in Chemistry

      • Agre shared the Nobel Prize with Roderick MacKinnon for the discovery of aquaporins.
         

      Arthur Aikin, (1773–1855), English chemist and mineralogist

      • Aikin was one of the founding members of the Royal Society of Chemistry. His focus was on practical applications of chemistry.
         

        Adrien Albert, (1907–1989), Australian chemist

        • Albert authored an important book on selective toxicology. He was a leading authority on medicinal chemistry.
           

        Kurt Alder, (1902–1958), German chemist, 1950 Nobel Prize in Chemistry

        • Alder's principal area of expertise was organic synthesis. He shared the Nobel Prize with his teacher Diels for the Diels-Alder reaction.
           

        Sidney Altman, (1939-), 1989 Nobel Prize in Chemistry

        • Altman shared the Nobel Prize with Thomas Cech for work on RNA catalytic properties. He also studied a DNA endonuclease involved in T4 DNA replication and recombination.
           

        Christian B. Anfinsen, (1916–1995), American biochemist, winner of 1972 Nobel Prize in Chemistry

        • Anfinsen shared the Nobel Prize with Standford Moore and William Howard Stein for the elucidating the connection between biologically active conformation of ribonuclease and its amino acid sequence.
           

        Johan August Arfwedson, (1792-1841), Swedish chemist, discovered lithium

        • In 1817, Arfwedson discovered lithium when he isolated the element as its salt.
           

        Anton Eduard van Arkel, (1893–1976), famous Dutch chemist

        • van Arkel is responsible for categorizing the elements known as the pnictogens.
           

        , (1859–1927), Swedish chemist and physicist

        • Arrhenius is one of the founders of the field of physical chemistry. He is best known for his 1896 study concerning the greenhouse effect.
           

        Francis William Aston. (1877–1945), 1922 Nobel Prize in Chemistry

        • Aston discovered several nonradioactive elements using a mass spectrograph. His isotope research led to the development of the whole number rule in chemistry.
           

        Amedeo Avogadro, (1776–1856), Italian physicist

        • Avogadro is responsible for Avogadro's law and much of modern molecular theory.