Farming and Agriculture Vocabulary

Old red farms and grazing cattle
Christian Lagereek/ Photographer's Choice RF/ Getty Images

Here is a list of farming and agriculture vocabulary for the industry. This selection of vocabulary is based on the Occupational Handbook provided by the United States Department of Labor. It's not a complete list of all the words you'll need to work in this industry, but it's a good place to start. The part of speech is listed for each word. To use the list, first take a look through each word. Do you know the word?

If not, use a dictionary to look the word up. Next, follow the tips to help use begin to practice and use the words.

  1. Ability - (noun) 
  2. Academic - (adjective) 
  3. Activities - (noun) 
  4. Affect - (verb) 
  5. Agricultural - (adjective) 
  6. Agriculture - (noun) 
  7. American - (adjective) 
  8. Animal - (noun) 
  9. Aquaculture - (noun) 
  10. Aspect - (noun) 
  11. Background - (noun) 
  12. Bails - (noun) 
  13. Bitten - (adjective) 
  14. Breed - (noun) 
  15. Breeding  - (noun) 
  16. Business  - (noun) 
  17. Care - (noun) 
  18. Cattle - (noun) 
  19. Certification - (noun) 
  20. Chemicals - (noun plural) 
  21. Clean - (adjective) 
  22. Climate - (noun) 
  23. Cold - (adjective) 
  24. Common - (adjective) 
  25. Communication - (noun) 
  26. Computer - (noun) 
  27. Conditions  - (noun) 
  28. Constantly - (adverb)
  29. Continue  - (verb) 
  30. Contract  - (noun) 
  31. Contrast - (noun / verb) 
  32. Cooperative - (noun) 
  33. Corporation - (noun) 
  34. Cow - (noun) 
  35. Credit - (noun) 
  36. Crop - (noun) 
  37. Customer  - (noun) 
  38. Dairy - (adjective) 
  39. Decade- (noun) 
  40. Decline - (noun / verb) 
  1. Deliver - (verb) 
  2. Demands - (noun) 
  3. Disease - (noun) 
  4. Driver's - (adjective) 
  5. Duties - (noun) 
  6. Egg - (noun) 
  7. Environment - (noun) 
  8. Equipment - (noun) 
  9. Expensive - (adjective) 
  10. Exposure- (noun) 
  11. Facilities - (noun) 
  12. Farm - (noun) 
  13. Farmer - (noun) 
  14. Farming - (noun) 
  15. Farmland- (noun) 
  16. Farmworker - (noun) 
  1. Fed - (noun) 
  2. Feed - (noun) 
  3. Feeding - (noun) 
  4. Fertilizer - (noun) 
  5. Fiber - (noun) 
  6. Financial - (adjective) 
  7. Fish - (noun) 
  8. Flower  - (noun) 
  9. Fluctuation  - (noun) 
  10. Fruit - (noun) 
  11. Future - (noun) 
  12. Grazing - (noun) 
  13. Greenhouse - (noun) 
  14. Grown - (adjective) 
  15. Handle - (noun / verb) 
  16. Harvest - (noun / verb) 
  17. Hay - (noun) 
  18. Hazardous - (adjective) 
  19. Health - (noun) 
  20. Helpful - (adjective) 
  21. Horse - (noun) 
  22. Horticultural - (adjective) 
  23. Horticulture - (noun) 
  24. Indoors - (noun) 
  25. Injury - (noun) 
  26. Kicked - (adjective) 
  27. Kind - (noun) 
  28. Knowledge - (noun) 
  29. Laborer  - (noun) 
  30. Land - (noun) 
  31. Landowner  - (noun) 
  32. Landscaping - (noun) 
  33. Leading - (adjective) 
  34. Lease - (noun) 
  35. License - (noun) 
  36. Lifestyle - (noun) 
  37. Live - (verb) 
  38. Livestock - (noun) 
  39. Location - (noun) 
  40. Machinery - (noun) 
  41. Machine  - (noun) 
  42. Maintain - (verb) 
  43. Maintenance - (noun) 
  44. Majority - (noun) 
  45. Male - (adjective) 
  46. Market - (noun) 
  47. Marketing - (noun) 
  48. Meat - (noun) 
  49. Method  - (noun) 
  50. Migrant - (noun) 
  51. Monitor - (noun / verb) 
  52. Month - (noun) 
  53. Notice - (noun / verb) 
  54. Numerous - (adjective) 
  55. Nursery - (noun) 
  56. Nut  - (noun) 
  57. Offer - (noun / verb) 
  58. Offspring - (noun) 
  59. Operate - (verb) 
  60. Operation - (noun) 
  61. Operator  - (noun) 
  62. Organic - (adjective) 
  1. Outdoors - (noun) 
  2. Oversee - (verb) 
  3. Pack - (noun / verb) 
  4. Participate - (verb) 
  5. Payment  - (noun) 
  6. Pen  - (noun) 
  7. Pesticide  - (noun) 
  8. Physical - (adjective) 
  9. Plant - (noun) 
  10. Poultry - (noun) 
  11. Practice  - (noun / verb) 
  12. Price - (noun / verb) 
  13. Process - (noun) 
  14. Produce - (noun / verb) 
  15. Product  - (noun) 
  16. Production - (noun) 
  17. Productive - (noun) 
  18. Property - (noun) 
  19. Prospect  - (noun) 
  20. Protect - (verb) 
  21. Raise - (verb) 
  22. Ranch - (noun / verb) 
  23. Rancher - (noun) 
  24. Ranching - (noun) 
  25. Record  - (noun) 
  26. Reflecting - (adjective) 
  27. Regulation  - (noun) 
  28. Repair - (noun / verb) 
  29. Responsibilities - (noun) 
  30. Retire - (verb) 
  31. Risk - (noun / verb) 
  32. Rural - (adjective) 
  33. Safety - (noun) 
  34. Scale - (noun) 
  35. Schedule - (noun / verb) 
  36. Science - (noun) 
  37. Scientist  - (noun) 
  38. Season - (noun) 
  39. Seasonal - (adjective) 
  40. Section - (noun) 
  1. Seed - (noun) 
  2. Select - (verb) 
  3. Sell - (verb) 
  4. Share - (verb) 
  5. Sheep - (noun) 
  6. Shellfish - (noun) 
  7. Shrub  - (noun) 
  8. Size - (noun) 
  9. Specialty - (noun) 
  10. Supervise - (verb) 
  11. Training- (noun) 
  12. Trait  - (noun) 
  13. Tree  - (noun) 
  14. Variety- (noun) 
  15. Vegetable  - (noun) 
  16. Water - (noun / verb) 
  17. Weather - (noun) 

 

Improving Your Vocabulary Tips

  • Use each word in a sentence. First just practice speaking, next write the sentences. Using the word when both speaking and writing will help you remember new words. 
  • After writing each word in a sentence, try to write a paragraph using the same words. 
  • Learn synonyms and antonyms by using an online thesaurus to further extend your farming and agriculture vocabulary. 
  • Use a visual dictionary which will help you learn the names of specific equipment used in the industry. 
  • Listen to co-workers and note how they use these words. Check your understanding when they use words in different ways. 
  • Ask co-workers questions about how new words are used at work. 
  • Search online for information about farming and agriculture. Listen to podcasts on the subject, read a blog about agriculture. Keep informed in English and your knowledge of related vocabulary will grow quickly.