How to Conjugate "Fermer" (to Close)

Simple French Verb Conjugations to Say "Closing" or "Closed"

In French, the verb fermer means "to close." To make this infinitive verb more useful and construct complete sentences, we need to conjugate it. This lesson will show you how that's done so you can use it in the form of "closed" or "closing," among other simple verb forms.

Conjugating the French Verb Fermer

Among all the French verb conjugations, those that end in -er are the easiest to conjugate for the simple fact that there are so many of them. Fermer is a regular -ER verb and it follows the same pattern as fêter (to celebrate)donner (to give), and countless others. It becomes easier with each new verb you learn.

Identifying the verb stem is always the first step in conjugations. For fermer that is ferm-. To this, we add a variety of infinitive endings that pair the subject pronoun with the appropriate tense for the sentence. For instance, "I am closing" is "je ferme" and "we will close" is "nous fermerons." It will definitely help your memory if you practice these in context.

Subject Present Future Imperfect
je ferme fermerai fermais
tu fermes fermeras fermais
il ferme fermera fermait
nous fermons fermerons fermions
vous fermez fermerez fermiez
ils ferment fermeront fermaient

The Present Participle of Fermer

The present participle of fermer is fermant. This is formed by adding -ant to the verb stem. It's an adjective as well as a verb, noun, or gerund.

The Past Participle and Passé Composé

The passé composé is a common way to express the past tense "closed" in French. To construct this, begin with the subject pronoun and a conjugation of the auxiliary verb avoir, then add the past participle fermé. For example, "I closed" is "j'ai fermé" while "we closed" is "nous avons fermé."

More Simple Fermer Conjugations to Learn

When the act of closing is in some way questionable, the subjunctive verb form is used. In a similar manner, the conditional verb mood implies that the "closing" will only happen if something else does as well.

You will find the passé simple in formal writing. Learning both it and the imperfect subjunctive will do wonders for your reading comprehension.

Subject Subjunctive Conditional Passé Simple Imperfect Subjunctive
je ferme fermerais fermai fermasse
tu fermes fermerais fermas fermasses
il ferme fermerait ferma fermât
nous fermions fermerions fermâmes fermassions
vous fermiez fermeriez fermâtes fermassiez
ils ferment fermeraient fermèrent fermassent

In short, direct requests and demands, use the imperative form. When doing so, there's no need to include the subject pronoun: simplify "tu ferme" down to "ferme."

(tu) ferme
(nous) fermons
(vous) fermez