Languages › French How to Conjugate "Fermer" (to Close) Simple French Verb Conjugations to Say "Closing" or "Closed" Share Flipboard Email Print Gwengoat/Getty Images French Grammar Pronunciation & Conversation Vocabulary Resources For Teachers by ThoughtCo Updated May 18, 2019 In French, the verb fermer means "to close." To make this infinitive verb more useful and construct complete sentences, we need to conjugate it. This lesson will show you how that's done so you can use it in the form of "closed" or "closing," among other simple verb forms. Conjugating the French Verb Fermer Among all the French verb conjugations, those that end in -er are the easiest to conjugate for the simple fact that there are so many of them. Fermer is a regular -ER verb and it follows the same pattern as fêter (to celebrate), donner (to give), and countless others. It becomes easier with each new verb you learn. Identifying the verb stem is always the first step in conjugations. For fermer that is ferm-. To this, we add a variety of infinitive endings that pair the subject pronoun with the appropriate tense for the sentence. For instance, "I am closing" is "je ferme" and "we will close" is "nous fermerons." It will definitely help your memory if you practice these in context. Subject Present Future Imperfect je ferme fermerai fermais tu fermes fermeras fermais il ferme fermera fermait nous fermons fermerons fermions vous fermez fermerez fermiez ils ferment fermeront fermaient The Present Participle of Fermer The present participle of fermer is fermant. This is formed by adding -ant to the verb stem. It's an adjective as well as a verb, noun, or gerund. The Past Participle and Passé Composé The passé composé is a common way to express the past tense "closed" in French. To construct this, begin with the subject pronoun and a conjugation of the auxiliary verb avoir, then add the past participle fermé. For example, "I closed" is "j'ai fermé" while "we closed" is "nous avons fermé." More Simple Fermer Conjugations to Learn When the act of closing is in some way questionable, the subjunctive verb form is used. In a similar manner, the conditional verb mood implies that the "closing" will only happen if something else does as well. You will find the passé simple in formal writing. Learning both it and the imperfect subjunctive will do wonders for your reading comprehension. Subject Subjunctive Conditional Passé Simple Imperfect Subjunctive je ferme fermerais fermai fermasse tu fermes fermerais fermas fermasses il ferme fermerait ferma fermât nous fermions fermerions fermâmes fermassions vous fermiez fermeriez fermâtes fermassiez ils ferment fermeraient fermèrent fermassent In short, direct requests and demands, use the imperative form. When doing so, there's no need to include the subject pronoun: simplify "tu ferme" down to "ferme." Imperative (tu) ferme (nous) fermons (vous) fermez Continue Reading "Shout" for Joy That Conjugating "Crier" Is Easy How Is "Demander" Conjugated, You "Ask"? Conjugating "Lever" (Lift, Raise) You May Find This French Verb Conjugation "Suitable" How Do You Conjugate "Fuir" (to Flee) in French? Conjugate 'to Decide' Correctly in French to Be Fluent There's No "Disputing" the Conjugations of "Disputer" You're Going to "Conquer" This French Verb Conjugation How to Conjugate the Verb "Jouir" (to Enjoy) in French "Try" Your Best to Conjugate "Essayer" Don't "Remove" "Enlever" From Your French Conjugation List Don't "Conclude" Your French Studies Without Conjugating "Conclure" Don't Let "Décevoir" Conjugations "Disappoint" You You'll "Pick Up" the "Cueillir" Conjugations Before You Know It How to Conjugate the French Verb "Durer" (to Last) Does "Causer" Mean "to Cause" or "to Chat" in French?