How to Conjugate the Regular French Verb 'Finir'

Conjugations adhere to set patterns for regular verbs ending in '-ir'

Finished with meal
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Finir, "to finish, end, complete," is conjugated as a regular -ir verb in French. Regular verbs share conjugation patterns in person, number, tense and mood. Verbs with infinitives that end in -ir are the second largest category of regular French verbs, after French verbs ending in -er.

Generally speaking, there are five main kinds of verbs in French: regular -ir, -er, -re, stem-changing and irregular.

Once you've learned the rules of conjugation for regular verbs, you should have no problem conjugating them, and this holds true for the regular -ir verb finir.

Conjugating Regular '-ir' Verbs

To conjugate finir, and all other -ir verbs, remove the infinitive ending (-ir) to find the stem (also called the "radical"), then add the appropriate simple conjugation ending/s shown in the table below.

Note that the table does not include the compound tenses, which consist of a form of the auxiliary verb and the past participle. Finir normally requires the auxiliary verb avoir in compound tenses and moods:

  • Nous avons fini le travail. > We finished the work.
  • Oui, je l'ai fini. > Yes, I finished it.

Here are just a few of the most common regular -ir verbs. Remember, they all have regular conjugations, meaning they all follow the same conjugation patterns, which are those shown in the table below. Simply take off the infinitive's -ir ending and add the appropriate conjugated ending to the stem in each instance.

  • abolir > to abolish
  • agir > to act
  • avertir > to warn
  • bâtir > to build
  • bénir > to bless
  • choisir > to choose
  • établir > to establish
  • étourdir > to stun, deafen, make dizzy
  • finir > to finish
  • grossir > to gain weight, get fat
  • guérir > to cure, heal, recover
  • maigrir > to lose weight, get thin
  • nourrir > to feed, nourish
  • obéir > to obey
  • punir > to punish
  • réfléchir > to reflect, think
  • remplir > to to fill
  • réussir > to succeed
  • rougir > to blush, turn red
  • vieillir > to grow old

Meanings of 'Finir'

Finir means "to finish,"" to end" or "to complete." There are two synonyms that mean roughly the same thing: terminer and achever, although the latter is a little more dramatic.

  • Qui va finir ce travail ? > Who is going to finish this work?
  • Nous finissons nos études cette semaine. > We are completing our studies this week.
  • J'ai terminé mon repas. > I finished my meal / food.

Finir can be used with être in the third person impersonal or with inanimate objects:

  •    C'est fini ! > It's finished!
  •    L'été est fini. > Summer is over.

But if you use it with a person, it means "dead" (literally or figuratively):

  •    Il est fini. > He's dead. / It's all over for him.

Uses of 'Finir' 

Finir de with an infinitive means "to stop" or "to be done":

  •    Tu as fini de nous déranger ? > Are you done bothering us?
  •    Finis de te plaindre ! > Stop complaining!

Finir en means "to end in":

  •    Il n'y a pas beaucoup de mots qui finissent en -de. > There aren't many words that end in -de.
  •    Est-ce que cela finit en pointe ? > Does this make a point?

Finir par with an infinitive means "to end up ___-ing" or "to ___ in the end":

  •    J'ai fini par déménager en Europe. > I ended up moving to Europe.
  •    Il va finir par perdre sa famille. > He's going lose his family in the end.

En finir (avec / de) means "to be done with":

  •    J'en ai fini avec Paul. > I'm done with Paul, I ended it with Paul.
  •    Tu n'en finis jamais de te plaindre. > You never stop complaining.

Expressions With 'Finir'

  • Finissons-en ! > Let's get it over with.
  • Elle a voulu en finir. > She wanted to end it all.
  • Des plaintes a n'en plus finir > endless / never-ending complaints
  • Et maintenant, fini de se croiser les bras ! > And now let's see some action!
  • Finir en queue de poisson > to fizzle out
  • Ça va mal finir. > No good will come of it. / It will end in disaster
  • Tout est bien qui fini bien. > All's well that ends well.
  • finir en beauté > to end with a flourish / to finish brilliantly
  • finir en tragédie > to end in tragedy 

Simple Conjugations of the Regular French Verb 'Finir'

 Present  Future  Imperfect Present participle
jefinisfiniraifinissaisfinissant 
tufinisfinirasfinissais 
ilfinitfinirafinissaitPassé composé
nousfinissonsfinironsfinissions   Auxiliary verb avoir
vousfinissezfinirezfinissiez   Past participle fini
ilsfinissentfinirontfinissaient 
 Subjunctive Conditional Passé simple Imperfect subjunctive
jefinissefiniraisfinisfinisse
tufinissesfiniraisfinisfinisses
ilfinissefiniraitfinitfinît
nousfinissionsfinirionsfinîmesfinissions
vousfinissiezfiniriezfinîtesfinissiez
ilsfinissentfiniraientfinirentfinissent
 Imperative 
(tu)finis 


   
(nous) finissons 
(vous)finissez