French Verb Finir Conjugation

Finir Conjugation, Usage, and Examples

Finished with meal
Le repas est fini. (The meal is over.). Chaiwuth Wichitdho / EyeEm / Getty Images

The French verb finir means "to finish," "to end," or "to complete" and it is conjugated as a regular -ir verb. In this article you can learn how to conjugate finir in the present, present progressive, compound past, imperfect, simple future, near future indicative, the conditional, the present subjunctive, as well as the imperative and the gerund.

Conjugating Regular '-ir' Verbs

Regular verbs share conjugation patterns in person, number, tense, and mood.

Finir is a regular -ir verb. This is the second largest category of regular French verbs, making it a little easier for French students to learn each new verb from this category.

To conjugate finir, and all other -ir verbs, remove the infinitive ending (-ir) to find the stem (also called the "radical"), which in this case is fin-. Then add the appropriate simple conjugation endings.

Other similar -ir verbs include abolir (to abolish)obéir  (to obey)établir (to establish), and réussir (to succeed).

Meanings of Finir

Finir means "to finish," but it can take on other meanings as well. There are also two synonyms that mean roughly the same thing: terminer and achever, although the latter is a little more dramatic.

  • Qui va finir ce travail ? Who is going to finish this work?
  • Nous finissons nos études cette semaine. We are completing our studies this week.
  • J'ai terminé mon repas. I finished my meal / food.

    If you use finir with être when referring to a person, it means "dead" (literally or figuratively):

    • Il est fini. - He's a dead duck. / It's all over for him.

    Finir and Prepositions

    When we pair finir with certain prepositions, the meaning changes a little bit, though they all tend to imply a finish to something.

     

    Finir de with an infinitive means "to stop" or "to be done":

    • Tu as fini de nous déranger ? - Are you done bothering us?
    • Finis de te plaindre ! - Stop complaining!

    Finir en means "to end in":

    • Il n'y a pas beaucoup de mots qui finissent en -de. - There aren't many words that end in -de.
    • Est-ce que cela finit en pointe ? - Does this make a point?

    Finir par with an infinitive means "to end up ___-ing" or "to ___ in the end":

    • J'ai fini par déménager en Europe. - I ended up moving to Europe.
    • Il va finir par perdre sa famille. - He's going lose his family in the end.

    En finir (avec / de) means "to be done with":

    • J'en ai fini avec Paul. - I'm done with Paul, I ended it with Paul.
    • Tu n'en finis jamais de te plaindre. - You never stop complaining.

    Expressions With Finir

    As you might expect, finir can be used in some rather useful idiomatic expressions. Here are a few that you can use to build your French vocabulary.

    • Finissons-en ! - Let's get it over with.
    • C'est fini ! - It's finished!
    • Elle a voulu en finir. She wanted to end it all.
    • des plaintes a n'en plus finir - endless / never-ending complaints
    • Et maintenant, fini de se croiser les bras ! And now let's see some action!
    • finir en queue de poisson  to fizzle out
    • Ça va mal finir. No good will come of it. / It will end in disaster
    • Tout est bien qui fini bien. All's well that ends well.
    • finir en beauté to end with a flourish / to finish brilliantly
    • finir en tragédie to end in tragedy 

    Present Indicative

    The indicative verb mood is the form of finir that you will use most often. These are the conjugations for the present indicative, or présent.

    JefinisJe finis mes devoirs rapidement.I finish my homework quickly.
    TufinisTu finis le travail sans aide.You finish the work without help.
    Ils/Elles/OnfinitElle finit d'étudier anglais.She stops studying English.
    NousfinissonsNous finissons par rester à la maison.We end up staying at home.
    VousfinissezVous finissez de préparer le repas.You finish preparing the meal.
    Ils/EllesfinissentElles finissent l'oeuvre d'art.They finish the work of art.

    Present Progressive Indicative

    The present progressive in French is formed with the present tense conjugation of the verb être (to be) + en train de + the infinitive verb (faire). However, the present progressive can also be expressed with the simple present indicative.

    Jesuis en train de finirJe suis en train de finir mes devoirs rapidement.I am finishing my homework quickly.
    Tues en train de finirTu es en train de finir le travail sans aide.You are finishing the work without help.
    Ils/Elles/Onest en train de finirElle est en train de finir d'étudier anglais.She is stopping studying English.
    Noussommes en train de finirNous sommes en train de finir par rester à la maison.We are ending up staying at home.
    Vousêtes en train de finirVous êtes en train de finir de préparer le repas.You are finishing preparing the meal.
    Ils/Ellessont en train de finirElles sont en train de finir l'oeuvre d'art.They are finishing the work of art.

    Compound Past Indicative

    There are a few compound tenses and moods that you can use. The past tense passé composé is formed with the auxiliary verb avoir, and the past participle fini. Though finir is most often used with avoir in compound tenses as discussed, it can be used with être as well. This happens in the third person impersonal or with inanimate objects. For example, C'est fini ! (It's finished!) or L'été est fini. (Summer is over.)

    Jeai finiJ'ai fini mes devoirs rapidement.I finished my homework quickly.
    Tuas finiTu as fini le travail sans aide.You finished the work without help.
    Ils/Elles/Ona finiElle a fini d'étudier anglais.She stopped studying English.
    Nousavons finiNous avons fini par rester à la maison.We ended up staying at home.
    Vousavez finiVous avez fini de préparer le repas.You finished preparing the meal.
    Ils/Ellesont finiElles ont fini l'oeuvre d'art.They finished the work of art.

    Imperfect Indicative

    The imperfect, called imparfait in French, is another past tense that is used to talk about ongoing events or repeated actions in the past. It can be translated to English as "was finishing" or "used to finish".

    JefinissaisJe finissais mes devoirs rapidement.I used to finish my homework quickly.
    TufinissaisTu finissais le travail sans aide.You used to finish the work without help.
    Ils/Elles/OnfinissaitElle finissait d'étudier anglais.She used to stop studying English.
    NousfinissionsNous finissions par rester à la maison.We used to end up staying at home.
    VousfinissiezVous finissiez de préparer le repas.You used to finish preparing the meal.
    Ils/EllesfinissaientElles finissaient l'oeuvre d'art.They used to finish the work of art.

    Simple Future Indicative

    The future, or futur is easy to conjugate because the stem of the verb is the complete infinitive, finir.

    JefiniraiJe finirai mes devoirs rapidement.I will finish my homework quickly.
    TufinirasTu finiras le travail sans aide.You will finish the work without help.
    Ils/Elles/OnfiniraElle finirai d'étudier anglais.She will stop studying English.
    NousfinironsNous finirons par rester à la maison.We will end up staying at home.
    VousfinirezVous finirez de préparer le repas.You will finish preparing the meal.
    Ils/EllesfinirontElles finiront l'oeuvre d'art.They will finish the work of art.

    Near Future Indicative

    In French, the near future is formed with the present tense conjugation of the verb aller (to go) + the infinitive (faire).

    It is the equivalent to the English "going to + verb." 

    Jevais finirJe vais finir mes devoirs rapidement.I am going to finish my homework quickly.
    Tuvas finirTu vas finir le travail sans aide.You are going to finish the work without help.
    Ils/Elles/Onva finirElle va finir d'étudier anglais.She is going to stop studying English.
    Nousallons finirNous allons finir par rester à la maison.We is going to end up staying at home.
    Vousallez finirVous allez finir de préparer le repas.You are going to finish preparing the meal.
    Ils/Ellesvont finirElles vont finir l'oeuvre d'art.They are going to finish the work of art.

    Conditional

    The conditional mood in French can be translated to English as "would + verb."

    JefiniraisJe finirais mes devoirs rapidement si c'était plus facile.I would finish my homework quickly if it were easier.
    TufiniraisTu finirais le travail sans aide si tu avais le temps.You would finish the work without help if you had the help.
    Ils/Elles/OnfiniraitElle finirait d'étudier anglais si elle voulait.She would stop studying English if she wanted to.
    NousfinirionsNous finirions par rester à la maison si nous étions malades.We would end up staying at home if we were sick.
    VousfiniriezVous finiriez de préparer le repas, mais vous ne voulez pas.You would finish preparing the meal, but you don't want to.
    Ils/EllesfiniraientElles finiraient l'oeuvre d'art, mais c'est très difficile.They would finish the work of art, but it is very difficult.

    Present Subjunctive

    The present subjunctive, or subjonctif présent can be used when the action of finishing is uncertain, but there are many different uses for the subjunctive mood.

    Que jefinisseMa mère souhaite que je finisse mes devoirs rapidement.My mother hopes that I finish my homework quickly.
    Que tufinissesLe patron exige que tu finisses le travail sans aide.The boss demands that you finish the work without help.
    Qu'ils/Elles/OnfinisseEric suggère qu'elle finisse d'étudier anglais.Eric suggests that she stop studying English.
    Que nousfinissionsDavid souhaite que nous finissions par rester à la maison.David wishes that we end up staying home.
    Que vousfinissiezAnna conseille que vous finissiez de préparer le repas.Anna advises that you finish preparing the meal.
    Qu'ils/EllesfinissentMonique préfère qu'elles finissent l'oeuvre d'art.Marc prefers that they finish the work of art.

    Imperative

    A very useful and simple form of finir is the imperative verb mood. This is reserved for those times when you want to demand that someone "Finish!" When using it, skip the subject pronoun and leave it as, "Finis !" To form negative commands, simply place ne...pas around the positive command.

    Positive commands

    Tufinis !Finis le travail sans aide !Finish the work without help!
    Nousfinissons !Finissons par rester à la maison! Let's end up staying home!
    Vousfinissez !Finissez de prépare !Finish preparing the meal!

    Negative commands

    Tune finis pas !Ne finis pas le travail sans aide !Don't finish the work without help!
    Nousne finissons pas !Ne finissons pas par rester à la maison! Let's not end up staying home!
    Vousne finissez pas !Ne finissez pas de prépare !Don't finish preparing the meal!

    Present Participle/Gerund

    The present participle of finir is finissant. This is formed by adding -issant to the verb stem. In French the present participle can be used to form the gerund (usually preceded by the preposition en), which can be used to talk about simultaneous actions.

    Present Participle/Gerund of FinirfinissantJe mange en finissant mes devoirs.I eat while finishing my homework.