Languages › Italian How to Form First-Conjugation (-are) Verbs in Italian Learn how to conjugate -are verbs Share Flipboard Email Print Kathrin Ziegler/DigitalVision/Getty Images Italian Grammar History & Culture Vocabulary By Michael San Filippo Italian Expert M.A., Italian Studies, Middlebury College B.A., Biology, Northeastern University Michael San Filippo co-wrote The Complete Idiot's Guide to Italian History and Culture. He is a tutor of Italian language and culture. our editorial process Michael San Filippo Updated February 25, 2018 Infinitives of all regular verbs in Italian end in –are, –ere, or –ire and are referred to as first-, second-, or third-conjugation verbs, respectively. In English, the infinitive (l'infinito) consists of to + verb. Amare - To love Temere - To fear Sentire - To hear What are First-Conjugation Verbs? Verbs with infinitives ending in –are are called first-conjugation, or –are, verbs. The present tense of a regular –are verb is formed by dropping the infinitive ending –are and adding the appropriate endings to the resulting stem. There is a different ending for each person. Characteristics of the First Conjugation Verbs ending in -care and -gare With verbs ending in –care (cercare - to try, caricare - to charge) and –gare (litigare - to fight, legare - to bond), add an “h” immediately after the root when declinations start with “e” or “i” to maintain the hard “c” or hard “g” sound. Cercare - To try, to look (for) io cerco noi cerchiamo tu cerchi voi cercate lui, lei, Lei cerca loro, Loro cercano The spelling also changes with the first person in the future with “io cercherò - I will try.” Legare - To bond, to tie io lego noi leghiamo tu leghi voi legate lui, lei, Lei lega loro, Loro legano The spelling also changes with the first person in the future with “io legherò - I will tie.” Verbs ending in -ciare and -giare With verbs ending in –ciare (baciare - to kiss), –giare (mangiare - to eat), and –sciare (lasciare - to leave), drop the “i” of the root when declinations start with “e” or “i.” Cominciare - To start io comincio noi cominciamo tu cominci voi cominciate lui, lei, Lei comincia loro, Loro cominciano The spelling also changes with the first person in the future with “io comincerò - I will start.” Mangiare - To eat io mangio noi mangiamo tu mangi voi mangiate lui, lei, Lei mangia loro, Loro mangiano The spelling also changes with the first person in the future with “io mangerò - I will eat.” Strisciare - To crawl io striscio noi strisciamo tu strisci voi strisciate lui, lei, Lei striscia loro, Loro strisciano The spelling also changes with the first person in the future with “io striscerò - I will crawl.” Verbs ending in -iare With verbs ending in –iare (inviare, studiare, gonfiare), the “i” of the root stays, except for with the declinations –iamo and –iate. The “i” of the root is dropped with declinations that start with i (–i, –iamo, –iate, –ino) or in the first person singular of the present indicative (io stùdio). Spiare - To spy io spio noi spiamo che tu spii voi spiate lui, lei, Lei spia loro, Loro spiano Studiare - To study io studio noi studiamo che tu studii voi studiate lui, lei, Lei studia loro, Loro studiano Verbs ending in –gliare Verbs ending in –gliare (tagliare - to cut, pigliare - to take): drop the i of the root only before the vowel i. Tagliare - To cut io taglio noi tagliamo tu tagli voi tagliate lui, lei, Lei taglia loro, Loro tagliano Pigliare - To take io piglio noi pigliamo tu pigli voi pigliate lui, lei, Lei piglia loro, Loro pigliano Verbs ending in -gnare Verbs ending in –gnare are regular, therefore the “i” of the endings –iamo (indicative and present conjunctive) and –iate (present conjunctive) is maintained. Regnare - To rule io regno noi regniamo tu regni voi regnate lui, lei, Lei regna loro, Loro regnano Cite this Article Format mla apa chicago Your Citation Filippo, Michael San. "How to Form First-Conjugation (-are) Verbs in Italian." ThoughtCo, Aug. 26, 2020, thoughtco.com/first-conjugation-italian-verbs-2011675. Filippo, Michael San. (2020, August 26). How to Form First-Conjugation (-are) Verbs in Italian. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/first-conjugation-italian-verbs-2011675 Filippo, Michael San. "How to Form First-Conjugation (-are) Verbs in Italian." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/first-conjugation-italian-verbs-2011675 (accessed October 19, 2021). copy citation Italian Regular Verb Endings The Italian Infinitive: L'Infinito How to Conjugate the Verb 'Stare' in Italian Direct Object Pronouns in Italian The Future Tense in Italian Conjugating Andare in Italian Second Conjugation Italian Verbs Conjugation Table for the Italian Verb 'Cercare' The Imperative Mood in Italian Conjugating the Verb Fare in Italian Italian Verb Overview for Beginners How to Conjugate Italian Verbs Like a Native Form Third Conjugation Verbs in Italian Using -Ire How to Conjugate the Verb "Dire" in Italian How to Conjugate the Italian Verb Diventare Italian Verb Conjugations: 'Vendere'