What Is the Difference Between Fluorine and Fluoride?

Toothpaste contains fluoride, but not free fluorine.
Toothpaste contains fluoride, but not free fluorine.

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First off, it's fluorine and fluoride and not flourine and flouride. The misspelling is common, but the "u" comes before the "o" in both. Fluorine is a chemical element. In pure form, it is a highly toxic, reactive, yellowish-green gas. The fluorine anion, F-, or any of the compounds containing the anion are termed fluorides. When you hear about fluoride in drinking water, it comes from adding a fluorine compound (usually sodium fluoride, sodium fluorosilicate, or fluorosilicic acid) to drinking water, which dissociates to release the F- ion. Stable fluorides are also found in fluoridated toothpaste and mouthwash.

Summary of the Difference

Fluorine is an element. Fluoride either refers to the fluorine ion or to a compound that contains the element fluorine.

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Helmenstine, Anne Marie, Ph.D. "What Is the Difference Between Fluorine and Fluoride?" ThoughtCo, Aug. 27, 2020, thoughtco.com/fluorine-vs-fluoride-3975953. Helmenstine, Anne Marie, Ph.D. (2020, August 27). What Is the Difference Between Fluorine and Fluoride? Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/fluorine-vs-fluoride-3975953 Helmenstine, Anne Marie, Ph.D. "What Is the Difference Between Fluorine and Fluoride?" ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/fluorine-vs-fluoride-3975953 (accessed July 24, 2021).